1971A

FIAT LUX.

CONTENTS.

Editorial   Sailing Club
Valete   Judo
Some Statistics   Tennis
School Choir   Cricket
Chess Club   Fencing
Le Cercle de Langues Vivantes   Badminton
C.E.M.   Games
Christian Union   Basketball
Phoenix Society   Athletics
History Society   Gymnastics
The North Devon Field Trip   House Notes
Ski-ing in Switzerland   Parents Association
The School Council   Old Pharosians
The Combined Cadet Force   Wag-Tail

Editorial

    We hope that our readers will appreciate the new 'Slimline' look of the School Magazine. It is now almost entirely home-produced. Thanks to the generous gift of an offset lithographic machine from the Parents' Association, and the tireless co-operation of Mr. K. H. Carter and his Art Department who have mastered its technical intricaciesnot to mention Mr. Denis Weaver, an Old Pharosian, whose firm has seen to the plate-makingthe First Beam of the New Pharos appears before you.
    Why First Beam? Like the double flash of the South Goodwin lightship, 'Pharos' will appear henceforward in two beams or flashes: this Record section will be followed (we hope, at not too great an interval) by the Literary section, containing original prose and poetry by present members of the School. The excellent work of the Art Department will be apparent to the eye in both sections.
    Meanwhile, here is a reasonably comprehensive account of school activities in the past year. It shows that we have little cause to apologize for our existence: indeed, with the sole exception of the sadness felt by all in the loss of our deeply lamented Chairman of Governors, Mr. David Bradley, it is an encouraging record of positive achievement under the wise leadership of the Headmaster. As he said at last. year's Guest Evening, this school is not a factory. It is a society of individuals. It is not an out-dated fortress, as was recently suggested, in a not altogether well-informed article, in the local press. It is, or we aim to make it, a pharos disseminating light, learning, vocational and technical training, and the art of social cooperation.
    A review of the school play and an equally lively account of the German holiday, both of literary merit, will appear in the Second Beam. Members of staff and of the sixth have been playing an active part in the Dover Educational Television Centre in Barton Road, and it's impact is awaiting. In a future issue, too, we expect an account of the Computer Unit, which has aroused interest both inside and outside the School.
    It ought not to be long before the Second Beam comes sweeping round: but have patience. The New Pharos is rather like good-luck in the poem of Herrick, that cheerful and expansive cavalier cleric "not all at once, but gently... by degrees".

E.H.Y.

So Good-Luck came, and now on my roof did light,
    Like noiseless snow, as the dew of night;
Not all at once, but gently as the trees
    Are, by the sunbeams, ticked by degrees.

 

David Bradley
born 30th May 1896
died 10th April 1970
Chairman of Governors

    The first thing I remember of David Bradley is his smile, radiant at the end of the interviewing table. An appropriate memory for Mr. Bradley was above everything Joyful. His was not the joy of facile contentment and the easy life, but the deeper joy that a Christian conviction can draw out of the total experiences of life, including its tribulations.
    What a Chairman he was! Meticulous in his duties, unwavering in his support. seeking always to reconcile rather than to polarise disagreements, long suffering (if such be possible) to a fault, and endlessly appreciative. I sometimes Wondered if he was not perhaps too kind, too reluctant to criticise, too hesitant in pressing the wise advice of which he had so great a store; but then I reflected that because he was the man he was, his character stood in constant judgement over my actions even when his words did not. It would go hard with the man who had to account for meanness or selfishness to David Bradley; not because he would be anything less then his usual humble and compassionate self, but because his sadness was a far greater rebuke than other men's anger.
    How could such a gentle man be a magistrate and exercise authority? In David Bradley love and duty had made their peace. His love was expressed in the way he did his duty, his duty tempered by his evident preference for love. I have known only a few people whom I would call without hesitation saints. David Bradley vas one of them; for him, I am quite certain, all the trumpets sounded on the other side.

Michael Hinton

    When a new Headmaster takes up his duties, he feels very much alone. It was the quiet strength of David Bradley which made all the difference at that time. He never queried a request made on behalf of the school and this certainty of his support brought confidence and encouragement. His loyalty and devotion to the best interests of the school were an example to us all. He could be tough where principles were at stake but his charm and friendly understanding made many a boy and many a new member of staff feel thoroughly at home. He set a fine tradition for us all.

R.C.C.

Valete
Members of Stair who have left

Mr. E. W. Lister (served 1949 - 1969)
   
Before I met Mr. Lister, I had heard of his formidable reputation for scholarship and discipline, but as I grew to know him, it became clear that this was firmly based on a persistent interest in his pupils. He was fascinated by them as people and was anxious to be involved with them in all manner of activities. The harder he worked, the more they responded, and no-one could have given more to the well-being of the school. No school can afford to lose a fine schoolmaster but his influence will be felt for many years.

R.C.C.

Mr. A. A. Coveney (served 1934 - 1940, 1945-70)
    As Head of the Craft Department, Mr. Coveney was largely responsible for building up this vital part of the curriculum so that each boy could benefit from its disciplines. His own skill and patience inspired many a boy to learn the value of precision and care. Nothing was too much trouble. His control of classes came naturally amongst boys who were interested and stimulated by the work around them. His contribution is missed but he has handed on an enthusiastic and successful department.

R.C.C.

Mr. C. Gloster (served 1965 - 70)
    Mr. Gloster has been appointed Head of Science at a new comprehensive school at Camberley. We are pleased that the experience available at the school enables a member of staff to gain such an important senior post. This is indeed a just reward for his five years of endeavour at Dover. His teaching of Chemistry was accomplished in an efficient, quiet, relaxed manner, and the pupil always knew that he was on hand to listen to his problems. Tennis in the school has benefited from his energies, and his interest in social work and lay preaching have extended the sphere of his influence out into the town. He has our best wishes for success in his new position.

J.B.Q.

Mr. M. R. Nice (served 1965 - 70)
    When Mr. Nice joined the staff in 1965 to teach junior science it was not his first encounter with the school. He had earlier been a pupil here and thus joined his past mentors in the staff room. It is to his credit that the work in science in the junior school developed along practical lines as a co-ordinated course. His assistance in swimming and fencing was invaluable and enabled the standard of both of these sports to be raised. Mr. Nice leaves us to join a team of writers of a Combined Science Course under the auspices of the Schools' Council. We hope that this experience will prove enjoyable and valuable in his career.

J.B.Q.

Mr. R. H. Hayton (served 1967 - 70)
    Mr. Hayton joined the staff in September 1967, and rapidly made a considerable impact in this his first teaching post. His forthright teaching was appreciated at all levels, from the first and second years where he was form master, through to the sixth form. He has left us to take over as Head or Biology at Gravesend, and will doubtless find the experience gained in Dover invaluable, particularly the onerous task of organising Wednesday activities and the creditable way in which he operated the Biology department for a term after the departure of Mr. Field. We all wish him success in his new position.

J.B.Q.

Mr. B. R. H. Marlow (served 1963 - 70)
    Mr. Marlow was appointed to this School to teach sociology and some mathematics. He was very interested in the teaching of modern mathematics and encouraged his forms to develop a real understanding of the subject - being prepared to spend much time out of lessons helping those who found difficulties or had missed work because of absence. Many of his pupils round his kindly methods, based on his sincere desire to help all to their maximum achievement, very helpful.

A.E.C.

Mr. C. M. Clarke (served 1969 - 70)
    Charles Clarke came to Dover in April, 1969 to teach English for a term. He stayed a further year, turning his talents to History. He also gave much of his spare time to running the Chess Club.

M.E.Q.

Mr. R. E. C. Hogg (served 1969 - 70)
    Mr. Hogg taught geography in the school for a year, being seconded from King's College, Auckland, New Zealand. We, naturally enjoyed having his expert teaching on Australia, New Zealand and other areas of the subject; and he carries our thanks and good wishes with him on his continued stay in this country before returning home next year.

K.H.R.

Some statistics

    Mr. D. S. Bray is still a member of staff, but is seconded for work elsewhere. No less than nine new members of staff have joined us this September, bringing our total numbers up to 46. The current list is shewn here. It may be of interest to note that the total number of pupils at the time of writing is 648 of whom the Sixth account for 159. Congestion of space has been temporarily relieved by the provision of three mobile classrooms: at least, they relieve teaching space congestion, at the cost of car-parking space.

School Choir

    The school choir gave four public performances during the year which were all much praised by those who attended. With the shortness of practice time and the unsettled nature of boys' voices, it reflects great credit on all concerned and especially on Mr. Best that such a high standard was consistently reached.
    The first performance of the year was at Guest Evening where the choir sang a modern arrangement of "Early One Morning" by Michael Tippett and "Three Hungarian Folk Songs" by Matyas Seiber. Despite a little nervousness in the first item, the singing was much appreciated by those present. The school orchestra, with three pieces from "Swan Lake" and a wind quartet with pieces by Rossini and Stanley, also contributed to the success of the evening.
    At the end of the term a service of Christmas hymns, carols and lessons was held in Charlton Church, the acoustics of which, cathedral like in comparison with the school hall, were used to full advantage by the choir which sang four carols: "Whence is that Goodly Fragrance Flowing", an old French carol; Walford Davies's arrangement of "The Holly and the Ivy"; "Up Good Christian Folk and Listen" and "The Shepherds' Lullaby". Boys from the lower school contributed "Joseph and the Angel". Despite a bitterly cold night the church was filled and many people expressed the hope that the service might become an annual event.
    The first concert in the school hall for three years was held after Easter, following a postponement in March caused by the arrival of a blizzard in the middle of a tight practice schedule. The orchestra opened and closed each half and in between came a selection of vocal and instrumental items. A. Smith, P. Wheeler, W. Fittall, C. Dench, S. Clare, M. Ellis, S. Laidlaw, G. Horton and J. Kitchiner all gave solos and the choir presented five pieces: three testing Elizabethan madrigals which gave great pleasure to both performers and audience and two Norfolk folk songs written in a lighter vein - "The Carter's Song" and "Yarmouth Fair". Everyone must hope that we will not have to wait three years before another such event is arranged.
    In July the choir featured for the fourth year running in an organ recital given by Mr. Best at the invitation of the Deal Entertainments Committee. The full choir sang "Arise, Shine Forth in Splendour" by William Byrd and "O How Full of Glory" by Vittoria, both from the late sixteenth century and William Matthias's "Jubilate" written only a few years ago. The trebles also sang "Holy Father, Cheer our Way" by Kitson and a recorder trio played "Carmen's Whistle" written for keyboard by William Byrd and arranged for recorders by one of the performers, Alan Smith.
    Over the summer holidays a few seniors have left the school, slightly weakening the lower voices but we have a strong treble section of twenty voices which bodes well for the future.

William R. Fittall.

Chess Club

    Last season was a successful period for us, for with a membership of over fifty we are the school's largest society. This number enabled us to hold a competition for our junior members in which thirty-six players took part; this was won by a first year, L. Sherrell. A scheme for Merit Certificates in chess was also started and three of our members, L. Sherrell, K. J. Russell and K. Cross, obtained class 3 passes.
    Another innovation last year was the introduction of a chess library. This is open to any member of the club and now contains nearly twenty books.
    Our performance in external competitions showed an improvement, for with three of our senior team members playing for the Dover town team, we reached the semi-finals of both the Kent Schools' competition and the Sunday Times Tournament Kent section. In individual performance six players entered the Folkestone Chess Congress and K. J. Russell and L. Sherrell came second in their respective sections, whilst in the Dover Open Championship first and second places went to D.G.S.B. players.

D.P.

Le Cercls de Langues Vivantes

    Nous avons eu l'occasion cette anne d'assister quelques runions trs intressantes:
    Mme. Denis noun a fait deux exposs, l'un sur Baudelaire, pote du dixneuvime sicle, et l'autre sur Georges Brassens dont nous avona cout quelques disques;
    M. Woollett nous a pass des diapositives de la Bretagne o i1 avait t en vacances, et a organis le programme de l'anne avec beaucoup d'nergie.
    Deux exposs ont t faits en anglais: M Marriott nous a parl de certains aspects de la langue et M. Salter a trait des diffrents rapports entre les litteratures anglaise, franaise et allemande au dix-huitime sicie.

William R. Fittall

C.E.M.

Insufficient support for our meetings has again been a problem but we have tried to present a varied diet for the faithful few. Our meetings generally take the form of discussions; last year ranging over such subjects as Humanism and Pacifism.
    The annual conference, this year held at Folkestone Girls' Technical School, produced a large response and was on the theme "Who Cares". The delegates divided into three seminar groups to discuss "World Poverty", "Poverty in Britain" and "Need
in Dover and Folkestone". Within these seminar groups the group leaders gave a factual background to their various subjects and impressed upon the delegates the needs of the poor. The Conference then split into informal groups whose task was to discuss questions raised in the preamble. These groups proved to be more fruitful than those of the previous conference and some lively debates ensued.
    We adjourned for lunch and then returned to these groups for further discussion before the seminar plenary session and the final meeting of the conference.
    The most encouraging facet of the conference came from the seminar on "Need in Dover and Folkestone" where an embryonic community service unit for Folkestone appeared. This seemed also to attract interest from members of other seminars.

D.P.

Christian Union

    The meetings last year were once again lively although unfortunately, we found it difficult to attract new members. Our discussions have been wide-ranging and refreshingly uninhibited and have formed a very useful part of the activities, especially for the seniors - the "old faithfuls" of the group who saw its beginning and have made it an integral part of their school life for several years now.
    We have to thank a few outside speakers for their superlative and thought-provoking talks, and not least Mr. Fry and Mr. Gloster for their energetic leadership during the past year. Unhappily though we have had to say goodbye to Mr. Gloster, for he left us at the end of the summer term to take up a new position as head of Science in a Comprehensive School in Surrey. His perpetual good-humour and kindness shone through our sometimes very lively discussions and if only for this we shall miss him very much, though if one adds his other qualities as well, I feel bound to say that we consider his departure a great loss to us and a very valuable gain to his new school.
    We have started this term with a concerted effort to interest the lower school in a completely revised type of meeting, and this seems to be making progress. However, we would still welcome more juniors into the group, and hope and pray that the existing lower school members will bring their friends along.

Peter Wheeler U.6.

Phoenix Society

    Last year saw some very good meetings and extremely interesting ta1ks given by a considerable variety of speakers.
    The new Headmaster, Mr. Colman, began the year with a ta1k on "The Tribal Society" and from then on the group heard about and discussed Nietzche's philosophy as exemplified. in "Also Sprach Zarathustra"; Contraception, Spiritualism; Ecological Catastrophe and Democracy.
    Once again, we are indebted to the masters and members who gave their very kind hospitality when they invited the society to meet in their homes - it is indeed more enjoyable to meet in the cosiness of a private house than in a rather forbidding classroom at school.
    On behalf of the society, I would like to thank Mr. King for the continued interest he has shown in our activities and his presence at the meetings often contributing greatly to the discussions. Also, thanks are due to Malco1m Durrant for his capable leadership as chairman and Peter Flood for writing the minutes of each meeting so very well only now do I realise how difficult it is to extract the main points of a meeting from such free discussions.
    This term has begun very much in the same way as the last one ended; that is to say, very well indeed!

Peter Wheeler u.6. Secretary.

History Society

    This year, the History Society had only six meetings, due to lack of speakers forthcoming from the school. Nevertheless, the meetings held were well attended and varied greatly in content. Mr. M. J. Durrant started the year with a ta1k on "Romanticism", and this was followed by an interesting talk on "The War in the Pacifio" by Rev. F. L. Pocock, which he coloured with personal reminiscences. The headmaster gave an analytical study of the "Puritan". Mr. G. M. Clarke spoke about "19th century Spain", and two meetings were reserved for showing short documentary films, such as "Industrial Revolution" and "Abraham Lincoln". We must thank Mr. M. E. Quick again for his continued support and leadership, and also the Chairman, Mr. Durrant, for his untiring efforts, despite other commitments. Next year we welcome Mr. Mermagen and Mr. Bradbury and we hope that new blood in the history department will instil further interest in the society.

C. R. Flood. Secretary.

The North Devon Field Trip

    There can be few areas of Britain more suited to field study than that of North Devon - the first full day of investigation confirmed this impression. A drive from our Elizabethan hotel through Exmoor countryside reminiscent of the 'Bocage' of Brittany was to take us to Coombe Martin, where we were to see one of the longest villages in Britain. This unusual settlement was to be the starting point for an intensive study of the coastline from Hangmans' Point to Widmouth Head. 'Hog's Back' cliffs, wave-cut platforms, fault-line caves, rias, raised beaches and periglacial head - all had to withstand the fiercest erosion of all time - from hobnail boots and geological hammers - until at last they released from their grip samples of rock that had lain there peacefully for the past 390 million years!
    Not to be daunted in their quest for knowledge the intrepid students forged on to Morte Point - where not so long ago local smugglers had wrecked ships on the jagged rocks - one could almost hear the Point breathe a sigh of relief as the latest group of wreckers trudged their way back across the mile wide Woolacombe Sands.
    Further days were to be spent on similar investigations of a coastline that was to prove as varied as the rocks from which it was formed. Massive cliffs rising vertically from the sea, gave way to smooth sandy bays backed by rolling sand dunes whipped up by the constant winds from the Atlantic.
    Inland the Lyn river system still gave evidence of the tragic floods of 1952, floods which changed not only the courses of the East and West Lyn rivers, but also the lives of the inhabitants of the tiny resorts of Lynton and Lynmouth. Even 18 years after the disaster, it was difficult to check the strange feeling of awe brought on by the imagination of thousands of tons of water and rock surging through these narrow winding valleys.
    Dartmoor, many miles to the south, was to prove just as interesting and varied as its sandstone counterpart, Exmoor. The Lydford Gorge, slicing its way through the metamorphic aureole on the periphery of Dartmoor, must rank as one of the most dramatic examples of the 'sawing' action of water anywhere in Europe - for in places the gorge is only a few feet wide, with sheer walls rising for over 100 feet on either side.
    Emerging from the gorge boys and girls alike slogged upwards to the nearest of the Dartmoor tors - Doe Tor - a name which gives the impression of peace and calm. Anyone who felt the sting of the snowflakes driven by the fierce wind would surely wish to rename this bleak and barren spot.
    The evenings spent in the hotel proved to be as conductive to further study and the 'writing up' of each day's work, as they were to the 'supping of ale', singing folk-songs on the wide stairway, or having one's eardrums split by the so-called 'discotheque' - the latter being a hobby assiduously pursued by the 'fun-loving' landlord.
    We were informed by said landlord, that headless ghosts stealthily trod the darkened stairways of this hotel at night. After a week of being awakened by creaking staircases and distant voices - it was discovered that the ghostly apparitions had solid human form in the shape of nameless gentlemen who slipped down to the kitchens to gorge themselves on buns and coffer generously doled out by the manager and his wife - and their charming daughters!

This was a most successful trip!!

J.C.

Ski-ing in Switzerland

    The Dover Grammar School party left Folkestone on their trip to Switzerland on April 3rd. The day was perfect for sailing, with a calm sea. The ship was French, left at 5.25 p.m. and docked at Calais at 7 p.m. On leaving the boat we boarded the train waiting at Calais station.
    After settling in our couchettes we played cards to pass the time. Then, as we slept (or tried to sleep), the train passed through France to Basle, on the borders of Switzerland, France and Germany.
    The train arrived at Luzern at 7.30 a.m. on the 4th April, where we had breakfast and tried to wake up. Breakfast from now on consisted of coffee, jam and rolls. We joined another train at 11.0 a.m. after a quick look round Luzern. This train took us on the spectacular haul up the mountains to Engelberg.
    In Engelberg we were supplied with skis which must have seemed strange to the beginners. We reached our cable-car at 12 noon and got up to the Hotel Trbsee in time for a late lunch. (The battle had begun with our safe arrival on the battlefield.) In the afternoon the beginners were taught by Mr. Elliott while the more expert skiers were left on their own on a more difficult slope to overcome their rustiness.
    The next morning the pupils were instructed by the Swiss Ski Instructor Hermann who is actually Austrian. The first and most difficult day was safely accomplished, with
nobody suffering injury. The routine of teaching then settled down, beginners being instructed for an hour in the mornings and 'experts' in the afternoons.
    After a few days quite a few notable achievements had been made. Aches were many and varied, from head to toe, the experts had skied down to Engelberg, using the dangerous 'Gunbarrel', and several had utilised the Bitzi ski-lift.
    "Apres-ski" consisted of bingo sessions, beetle drives, card games and other similar lively pastimes. 'Lights out' was usually in the region of 10 p.m. Teaching and learning continued through the week until at the end many of the beginners passed the exam for the Swiss Ski Medal (Bronze), and Mr. Elliott, along with O. Sansum (4S), passed the Silver Standard of this same test. Unfortunately, a list of injuries and ailments must be set alongside the list of successes. G. Croft (3B) had mumps, D. Clay (2F), along with several others, including Mr. Crisp, twisted his ankle, although the worst accident occurred when N. Taylor (2F) broke his leg.
    On April 12th the skis were returned to the suppliers in Engelberg and we returned to Luzern, where we spent the day shopping and sightseeing. We then boarded the train for Calais, the ship, and home.

The School Council

    It seems to be a tradition that when reviewing the school council the secretary always claims that his year of office has seen more important decisions taken than ever before. However I am not going to make this claim. No major policy decisions were taken during the year. Nevertheless much hard work was put into trying to solve the everyday problems of school life and with the departure of some of our more radical members, little time was lost on futile discussion - a failing of some former councils. The discussion on cross-country running generated more heat than any other problem but after guarantees from the Headmaster and Mr. Hrusa-Marlow that no coercion would be used in the recruiting of teams, the sport was reintroduced into the House Championship.
    The Council pressed successfully for the introduction of a drinks machine and donated 25 to the purchasing of a printing machine. A sub-committee of the Council ran the Lent Charity Appeal which raised 55 for the Shaftesbury Society. This figure, though lower than in previous years, was achieved exclusively by direct giving and not with the help of the fund-raising devices such as sales, used in the past.
    Perhaps the most interesting motion of the year was one calling for the use of Christian names by the staff within the classroom. The Council passed the Motion by 15 - 2 yet most of the staff, unwilling to give up their long-standing tradition, were not prepared to adopt the suggestion.
    The appreciation of the whole Council goes to Mr. Durrant, the Chairman, for all his work during the year.

William R. Fittall,
(Secretary)

The Combined Cadet Force

R.A.F.
    1970 saw Pilot Officer Templeman take command of the section. Soon after his arrival the section began to revise for the Easter proficiency and advanced examinations. In both these and the summer examinations a very high standard of passes was achieved with a number of credits and distinctions.
    At Easter 14 cadets accompanied by three officers went to camp at R.A.F. Wattisham near Ipswich. The contingent was well received and all the cadets agreed that it was one of the best organized camps which they had attended. Great interest was displayed in the Lightning fighters based at the camp and the leadership and initiative exercises were of considerable help to future domestic cadet operations.
    On Fridays the parades have continued with such varied interests as map-reading, gliding, model making, first aid, boat work and various exercises.
    A night exercise took place at the end of October and more initiative exercises are planned for the future. The autumn term Field Day will be devoted to gliding.
    The section now has 38 cadets and with the possibility of a second officer is in a prosperous condition. 1971 promises to be on interesting year with a summer camp in Malta and the start of a comprehensive Duke of Edinburgh's Award programme.

NAVY
    The highlights of the year 1969-70, as far as the naval section is concerned, have been the visits to various Navy vessels.
    At Easter camp was held on HMS Scarborough at Devonport, and visits were paid to HMS Ark Royal - England's one remaining aircraft carrier - HMS Tenby, HMS Torquay and R.F.A. Liness.
    The section now has a 16t ft. sailing dinghy which has been sailed throughout the summer up to October 9th when it was beached.
    In June four junior cadets, accompanied by Mr. Templeman, went in a minesweeper, HMS Highburton, from Ramsgate to Portland, as part of the Dunkirk celebrations. In addition they were able to watch the crew practising their techniques. It was a most interesting trip.
    This term visits have been paid to HMS Londonderry and HMS Wolverton in addition to sailing trips and normal Friday activities such as instruction periods, practical work and film strips. These last named activities now seem much more relevant and useful as we have our own boat and the chance to test our seamanship regularly.
 
ARMY
    The past year has been a busy one for the Army Section. Up until the spring term a good deal of time was spent getting cadets ready for their proficiency examination. This time was obviously well spent as 15 out of 17 cadets passed. A weekend camp was held just before the examination and, as well as proficiency work, all cadets got the chance to fire an automatic pistol and a sub-machine gun. Twenty-five members of the section attended annual camp, this year at St. Martins Plain. This 25 included new recruits from the second year. The Headmaster also attended. The camp included a morning on the assault course, paddling assault boats, and a night exercise breaching a minefield. Quite a lot of time was spent driving a landrover and 3 tonner, and there was also motorcycling for some of the older cadets.
    This term, combat engineering and signalling has started, run by the Royal Engineers, and driving has continued to be a regular Wednesday afternoon activity for several older boys.

C.T.

Sailing Club

    This season has produced the usual competitive success but it has also seen a surprising decline in interest in the Saturday and Wednesday afternoon training sessions. The decline has not been due especially to an absence of younger members turning up to these sessions but a definite reluctance to actually take the Crewhand's and Helmsman's Tests, armed with which they could be an even greater asset to the club.
    Mirrors are becoming increasingly popular in the Dover area and more and more school members are acquiring their own or crewing in friends'. It is a pity that the natural graduation from sailing Mirrors to racing the school Enterprises (which are maintained in a high degree of racing trim) does not occur as quickly as it used to.
    With the exception of Clare, Stubbs and Catt (who sails at Deal), the school club is without experienced members until the 4th year. With this 'gap' in membership, this supposed all time low in school participation in local racing has been reached, but from now on an increase in racing interest can be clearly foreseen as interest in the 4th year and below in racing is flourishing.
    An all time high has, incidentally, been reached in staff interest in the school club in the latest 'acquisition' of Mr. Styles, a keen dinghy sailor and old boy of the school, (he had to make do with Herons). With Mr. Styles, Mr. Cunnington, and the patience of Mr. Large, the club can rest assured of a keen staff interest.
    The school trophies this year have been won by F. Catt, and S. R. Clare; F. Catt winning the Lock Trophy in a flat calm and Clare winning the Bevan Cup for single handed sailing in very strong conditions. In the Bevan Cup, Catt was only narrowly beaten. In a school team race against Dover College, D.Y.R.M.S., and Junior Leaders, the school was placed 2nd, and in a team race against old boys, a very enjoyable series ended in a narrow victory for the old boys - 26 points to 28.

Other Results

R.C.P.Y.C. Enterprise Open Meeting 2nd Clare and Stubbs
    3rd Catt
K.S.S.A. Regatta - Enterprise 1st Clare and Stubbs, D
    2nd C. Stubbs and Thomas
  Mirror 1st F. Catt and Miss J. Arnold
N.S.S.A. Regatta - Felixstowe  
  Enterprise 13th Clare and D. Stubbs
    30th C. Stubbs and Thomas
    (out of a field of 47 boats)
  Mirror 1st Catt and Miss J. Arnold
    11th P. Elms and J. Lorimer.

    Among other things this season, attention has been centred upon raising money to give a badly needed boost to the club funds. This has been very successfully achieved with the aid, firstly of a sponsored sail around the Harbour which raised well over 30, and secondly with the formation of an Old Boys' branch of the sailing club whose members pay a life membership fee.

S. R. Clare
School Sailing Captain

Judo.

    During the past year the school judo team have shown tremendous enthusiasm and progressed well. Out of the 11 contests (against opposition from King's School, Canterbury; Junior Leaders; and St. Edmund's School, Canterbury), the team have won 7, lost 3, and drawn 1.
    At the beginning of the school year in September 1969, most of the team were novices, but hard work plus the great effort they have shown has enabled them to beat opposition of higher belts.
    Some of the thanks for the team's success must be attributed to the expert tuition of Mr. R. Lochead, 1st Dan Black belt.
    In the next year we would like to see some new blood joining the team, thus enabling us to participate in more contests with other schools and possibly broaden our scope to competitions in the Southern Area. With progress like that which has taken place in the Past year, with an enlarged team and better training facilities (which we are hoping to have by the next year) I am sure the judo team can become one of the strongest and most respected teams in the area.

T. Stone. L6K

Tennis

    This season has been the most successful for many years. The school has played six matches and lost only one and with several still to play a promising result looks certain. This year's team has matured considerably. Having lost only one of last year's players, the team has three pairs of a good and consistent standard.
    The School Tournament was successfully completed, helped to a large extent by the fine weather, as was the House Championship which was won by Park.
    The school courts have now gone from bad to worse, but it is hoped that the two hard courts will be resurfaced and that three new grass courts will be made by the beginning of the 1971 season. This will then enable school matches to be held at home.

N. Hart.

Senior Cricket

    A potentially good XI has performed only moderately owing to the disruptive influence of exams and time 'out of school'. At its best the 1st XI played good cricket and showed a refreshing desire to smite the bad ball. Consequently several scores in the region of 140 were made. Good innings were played by Summers, Pickering and Towe, with less regular contributions from C. Flood and Hopkins. The bowling lacked the ability to make a final kill and so several matches were drawn, which were morally won. Towe and Galvin bowled well on occasions but the really remarkable feature was the skipper's ability to bowl out just anybody with the most innocuous form of trundling ever witnessed by this writer!!

Under 12 Cricket

    This year's team contained a larger than usual number of boys whose fathers and elder brothers had taught them to play cricket. The result was a promising team that won all five matches. Aslett was the best all-.rounder and he received good support from the rest, particularly French, Palmer, Sherrell and Towe. One of the most encouraging features was the number of good catches held. However, much remains to be learnt about ground fielding and running between the wickets, for example. Still the greatest threat to cricket at this level is the present apparently endless national desire to kick a football, whether it be January or July, in all possible spare time.


Fencing

School Matches

    Most of the year's matches were fought with foil and the six teams representing the school won 10 and lost 6 of these, but one needs to remember that several of the losses were incurred through using our under 15s as a senior team and our under 13s as under 15s in order to give them experience in better class competition.
    The sabre fencing was extended to include our under 15s who won their only under 15 match and lost narrowly against a senior team in their second event. The senior sabre team started somewhat shakily, losing three matches early in the year, but regained form later on and won the other two to again rule the roost in South East Kent.
    Epee was fought in a three weapon match against the Junior Leaders, Dover, and our seniors won the complete event in all three weapons by 21 fights to 6.
    The House Fencing Competition was reorganised this year so that individual winners as well as house order could be determined, M. Jones won the competition and received the trophy donated by T. Harrison, while J. Piddock was second and M. Easton third - no mean feat for a first form boy. The final house placings were Priory first, Astor second, Frith third and Park fourth with the dubious distinction of gaining no points at all for the house.

Other Competitions

    In the Mallard Open Sabre competition Curtis was placed 4th in the reprise event.
    In the Frank Page Open Foil competition Harrison was second in the men's event, Curtis was first and Laird 6th in the junior event with Jones reaching the semi-finals and Piddock and McGulloch the quarter-finals. The team trophy for single sex teams was thus won by the school.

Colours

    Re-awarded to T. Harrison and P. Gurtis.

Representative Ties

    Awarded to M. Jones and R. Laird.

Championships

    Overall this has been a highly successful year for our fencers as individuals. In all competitions entered our fencers reached quarter-finals, semi-finals or finals and often combinations of all three were achieved.
    In the schools' foil championships the senior team was defeated in the semi-finals and all three junior teams narrowly missed promotion from the quarter-finals.

Individual performances were as follows:-
    Under 13s. Easton and Glinn reached semi-finals and McSwiggan G. the quarter-finals.
    Under 15s. Laird was placed 3rd and Hall & Jones reached the semi-finals.
    Senior. Curtis reached the semi-finals and Hosking the quarter-finals.
In the senior sabre Curtis reached the quarter-finals.
    Equivalent successes were obtained in the Junior and Senior Men's Championships
with Harrison reaching the quarter-finals in both foil and sabre in the Senior competition, and Curtis reaching the semi-finals in the Junior Sabre and being placed 5th in the Junior Foil event. Laird reached the quarter-final in the Junior Sabre and the semi-final in the Junior Foil.

Badminton

    Badminton continued to be played with the emphasis on playing for the pleasure of playing rather than in a fiercely competitive spirit.
    About twenty enthusiasts played regularly and one needs to be enthusiastic when a prerequisite to play is the clearing and stacking of the dining hall furniture, on most occasions.
    An under 16 team was entered in the Kent Schools Badminton Championships and were more successful than any team we have entered previously.
    The team comfortably defeated Southlands School and Sir William Nottidge School and finally conceded defeat, very narrowly, to Simon Langton School in the quarter-final.
    In the new season which has just started we have a similar number of players to last year and look forward hopefully to the success of our over 16 team in this year's Championships.

M.H.S.

Games

Football - 1st XI

    For the first time in many years, the School 1st XI began the season without a member of staff as official team coach, but despite this considerable handicap they still managed to have a very satisfactory season. Most of the team had played together for two or three seasons and their skill and experience held the team together, although several newcomers showed great promise for the future. As always, fast, open football was played on all occasions when both conditions and opposition allowed and many of the defeats, which were generally only by the odd goal, should have been turned into victories. In goal, Meehan returned to the side after a year's absence and showed that he had lost none of his ability, whilst in front of him, the defence was well-marshalled by Summers, as good a centre-back as the school has ever produced. Along, side Summers, Kemp showed that ability in the air can not only save matches but also win them, and Carroll, Hall and King, J. all adapted to the role of attacking full-backs. It was in mid-field, however, that most of the matches were won. Durrant and Nash, the captain and vice-captain respectively, used the understanding they had built up between them over the years to create many scoring chances, while Flood P. and Flood C. pressed each other for the remaining place. Of the forwards, Elder and Silk were the most prolific goalscorers but it was Hilton, who has had trials for Coventry, who amazed us all with his tremendous dribbling ability and shooting power.
    Team members included: Durrant (Captain), Nash (Vice-Gaptain), Meehan, Carroll, Summers, Kemp, Hall, King J., Flood, P., Flood, C., Elder, Silk, Hilton, Dean, Taylor.
    Full Colours were re-awarded to Durrant, Nash, Elder and Summers, and newly awarded to Meehan, Kemp, Hall and Silk.
    Representative ties went to Carroll, King, J. Taylor, Hilton and Douglas.

2nd XI

    With competition far first team places so severe, it was only natural that this year's 2nd XI should be one of the strongest ever. Much of the credit for success must be attributed to Douglas, the captain, who played steadfastly in defence, and Dean, who proved himself to be a hard worker in both midfield and attack. Other members who deserve special mention were Sedgwick, Lawrence and Warden, the goalkeeper. One indication of the strength of the team is that during most Wednesday afternoon games periods, they always gave the 1st XI a very hard match and more often than not came out on top by the odd goal.
    Team members included: Douglas (Captain), Warden, Comley, Fielding, Shepherd, Frost, Dean, Sedgewick, Lawrence, Hastie, King, P., Hopkins.
    The U.15 football team had an extremely successful season. A summary of the playing record contains ample evidence in favour of this claim:

  P    W    D    L   Goals   F    A 
11 10 1 0   68 20

    There was a fitting climax to the season with the winning of the Hart Cup in the final game, which was a tight, closely-fought affair with St. Edmund's, Dover. Several other games remain in the memory however, in particular the 4-3 win at Aylesham in the Hart Cup semi-final and the 4-2 defeat of a touring side from Staines. The latter game was played on a layer of snow in bitterly cold weather, but both sides still managed to achieve a commendably high standard of play.
    The forwards played well in every game and were far too good for much of the opposition, with six or more goals being registered in seven of the eleven games. This tended to lead to over-confidence in the defence, however, and severa1 un-necessary goals were conceded. On the other hand, it has to be added that the defence learned from its mistakes and no goals were 'given' away in the last five matches.

N.I.


U.13 Soccer

    Considerable enthusiasm and effort were shown by all, but sometimes the defence was left vulnerable as too many concentrated on attack. As a result some strong teams were defeated and one or two unnecessary defeats sustained. Astor were beaten in the final of the local schools' competition. D. Carr and Clay played for the Dover U.13 team.

Senior Rugby Report

    Although the first team began the season with a defeat, away to Abbey School; the result did not prove to be a common occurrence with a strong pool of players everybody had to fight to keep their place, and, driven on by forceful by forceful captaincy from Piddlesden, the first rugby XV developed quickly to prove itself able to cope with most of the opposing sides. Abbey were annihilated in the return game as were the Junior Infantrymen (twice) and the Duke of York's. Only two other defeats were suffered, at the hands of bigger and better teams, namely Wye College and Kings School, but in neither were they disgraced.
    The forwards proved, their mobility on many occasions and gave good service to a three-quarter line that was willing to run and always eager to add to their ever-increasing points tally. Because of the excellent covering and tackling, provided by forwards and backs alike, full-back Towe played almost as an extra three-quarter.
    But the success of the side was not due to any individual or individuals but to the foundations on which the team was built: the basic skills, team spirit, and a common determination to win.
    Eight players were newly awarded their full school colours; Best, Beal, B, Carroll, Clark, Morris, Parkin, Stone and Towe. The first team pool was:- Piddlesden (Capt), Wilcox (Vice-Capt), G. Fagg, Parkin, Hosking, Clayton, Stone, Clark, Morris, Beal, Home, Burr, Best, B. Carroll, G, Carroll, Alvey, Bennett, Towe, Granger, S. Fagg, Coles.

Played 13, Won 8, Drawn 2, Lost 3.

2nd XV Played 8, Won 4, Lost 4.

D. Towe,

U.15 Rugby

    It is unfortunate that very few schools within convenient reach of Dover play rugby
in the spring term. Those schools who would provide a strong challenge turn over to hockey after Christmas. Thus in the season 1969-70 a keen and potentially very promising team like the U.15 side had only two fixtures both against Aylesham, and one of these was cancelled because of the snow. This game resulted in a runaway 41-6 victory.
    A number of players played for the U.16 XV and showed considerable promise for future years. However, one overwhelming victory is very poor preparation for the rigours of 1st and 2nd XV rugby and it is to be hoped that in seasons to come more fixtures can be arranged,

Played 1, Won 1, Drawn 0, Lost 0

For 41 Against 6.

Basketball

    The results played during the 1969/70 season were as follows:

  Won Lost
Under 14s 3 0
Under 15s 5 3
Under 16s 12 0
Seniors 3 5
Pharosians II 2 16
Pharosians I 9 12

    The Under 14s made a promising start and, if they maintain their interest, should develop into a strong side of the future. Three players - Cann, Hunnisett and Miller attended the Kent Schools' trial and earned selection for next season's Under 15 county squad.
    The Under 15s made a shaky start, showing frequent team changes and lack of interest on the part of some of the more able players. However, the nucleus of a useful side remained as they showed by their performance in the East Kent Schools' Tournament at the end of the season.
    The Under 16s began the season with excellent prospects and, although they sometimes played below form, they managed to maintain an unbeaten record throughout a long programme of matches. Some of the team played regularly for Pharosians II. In the East Kent Schools' tournament, they managed to retain the Connaught Cup which they had won the previous season, though only by the narrowest of margins.
    Our seniors played most of their games as Pharosians in the East Kent Men's League, although they did have eight school matches, one of which was against a strong Old Boys' side. Pharosians II lost most of their games, but not through any lack of effort. Often they had a lead for most of a game, only letting it slip during the last few minutes. Their best performance came in the last match of the season, when they beat Broadstairs Lions 'B', the eventual runners up in the league. They themselves finished in seventh position in Division II.
    Pharosians I. who had lost ten of their last season's players, began the season by losing six of their first eight games. They then, fortunately, struck better form, finishing in fourth place in Division I of the East Kent League.
    A. D. Cook, P. Kemp, and J. Summers were the outstanding schoolboy members of the team, which is mainly composed of old boys of the school.
    R. Hall and J. Hopkins attended a County Schools' trial, and were selected as members of next season's senior team.

Athletics

    Athletics are concerned with competition and measurement, making any performance accurately comparable either to that of other competitors or to a standard of some sort.
    Reviewed purely on this basis, it would be fair to say that school athletics during 1970 produced no top level performances. There was, however, a wealth of solid achievement, much endeavour, opportunity for everyone to take part, and, one hopes, enjoyment and benefit. Certainly the weather could not be faulted.
    This year the house championship was spread over the whole summer term. Standard tests for all boys involved in the G.C.E. were held early in the term, culminating in a senior sports day on May 20th. After half term, a similar programme was followed for boys in the lower half of the school, as it had been decided that they should have a sports day of their own. This took place on July 11th, on the same day as the old boys' cricket match.
    In both age groups, last year's changeover to metric distances meant that the track records were only one year old, and relatively easy to break. Altogether ten new times were set, four field events records broken, and best performances established in seven events held for the first time.
    Frith won the senior sports and Astor the Junior, but as Priory had been supreme in Standard tests, they carried off the overall championshit.

Individual Champions were:

Junior N. Bloor
Intermediate       S. C. Alvey
Senior P. J. Smith


    In inter-school competition, there were matches for all age groups from seniors down to first form level. Results are difficult to summarise as the number of opposing teams varied so much. Some matches were two-sided affairs, some were three or four, two were eight-sided and one - The Powell Trophy meeting - involved no less than ten teams. Out of a total of eleven matches, three were won outright.. In the others we usually held our own, although we could not match the very strong teams from the Duke of York's School and Dover College.
    As a result of local trials, nine boys were selected to represent S.E, Kent in the County Sports, where we had two first places - P.J. Smith (Senior Javelin), and J. Paling (Senior Long Jump). Neither of these, however, had distances good enough to earn them selection for Kent.
    As captain of school athletics, P. J. Smith set a fine example. In the throwing events,
he was rarely beaten, demonstrating the benefit he had derived from the formidable weight training schedules he had followed throughout the winter months.
    School colours were awarded to Smith, Paling, Tranter and Luff, and representative
ties to Benge, Stubbs, Sawyer and Harcourt.

Gymnastics

    Results of the House Competitions:

Junior   Senior  
Frith 648 Priory    735
Park 661 Park 638
Astor 595 Frith 295
Priory    436    Astor 272


    Frith fully deserved to win the junior competition. Their team was keener and better
organised. Some of the others hardly seemed to have realised what was required. Natural ability for gymnastics is not in itself enough for a competition of this sort, but needs to be supplemented by systematic practice.
    The senior competition was arranged differently this year. It took the form of a series of proficiency tests, any of which could be taken over a period of time by any number of boys from each house. The numbers who actually did take part ranged from six for Astor to twenty-one for Priory who, not surprisingly, won.
    P. J. Smith was a worthy individual winner, and was awarded the Pascall Cup.
    School Under 13 and Under 15 teams took part in the Kent Trampoline Championships, and were placed fifth and third respectively. A. Mummery, our best individual, was again selected for the county team, and had the distinction of being placed 25th in the national championships.

House Notes

Priory House Notes

    This year the house has done remarkably well in the House Championship. At the time of writing we are leading and the result hangs in the balance. We must win the cricket and junior athletics to ensure victory.
    The house as a whole has worked together very well to obtain our present position. The old brigade of the senior part of the house has led the house and held it together extremely well and for this I am truly grateful. The Junior section of the house have striven very well to obtain their ultimate goal and have made great progress. If this progress and effort continue with them as they pass through the school they will set a good example and a strong foundation for their successors.
    There is a growing apathy among a few boys in the Middle school which is very harming to the house. I hope that these boy will take heart from our present position and work with enthusiasm for the house.
    I am grateful for the way in which the captains of the various teams have led their teams onward with a special mention for the Rugby (2nd), Fencing (1st), Athletics (Sen. 1st) and Cross-Country (1st) although the victory in the Powell Cup does not count for the championship this year. Next year it does, so I hope the same result can be obtained.
    I would like to thank the House Masters, especially Mr. R. N. Woollett, for their encouragement to members of the house to work and strive and bring us in sight of the ever elusive championship.
    I wish my successor the best in success and co-operation from the house.

M. A. Beal.

Astor House Notes

    It has again been a successful year for Aster House, due to the continued united effort of its members. Although the House Championship is still in the balance, with good results in cricket and the Junior sports, we might at last get the success which is long overdue.
    The results so far this year have been outstanding and are very encouraging for the future. This can mainly be attributed to a strong Middle School and a renewal of interest and vitality by the Upper School, which is heartening indeed. A special mention, however, must be made of 1 Astor. In their first year at this school they have shown themselves to be ever-willing and very capable, and will undoubtedly stand the House in good stead in the years to come.
    Finally, I would like to thank Mr. Marriott on behalf of the House for the great care and effort he has put into Aster House, and can only hope that this year we can at last reward him with the success he deserves.

J. Meehan.

P.S.

    Since the above was written, the House Championship points have been completed, and we finished as a close second. The Juniors came first in athletics, but our cricket was not good enough to compete with Park, who won all their senior matches.
    I thank John Meehan for his kind remarks, and I am sorry that his excellent leadership has not quite produced the success we all expected. All sections of the House have made a really good effort this year, and our prospects for the future are very pleasing.

J.P.M.

Frith House Notes

    Once again Frith is placed in the unaccustomed position of holding up the other houses in the Championship league. This failure to reach our usual supremacy in most sports must be largely attributed to somewhat weak junior teams and the customary apathy among a great many member of the 6th form. No amount of encouragement or pleading could stir some of our Upper school members to make up team numbers and as for the lower school, they showed the enthusiasm but lacked the skill in most events. One competition however, in which the junior members of the house excelled was the Junior Gym Contest. Here, all capable gymnasts strove hard to obtain standard points and the final team of eight carried off the title with some outstanding performances by Ritchie in particular. The juniors again turned out 'en masse' for the Powell Cup, the annual cross-country race which was this year excluded from the Championship. Ritchie won the junior section, Sansom the intermediate and the House finished 2nd overall.
    For the first time, Sports Day had been divided into a junior and senior section. With the junior event still to come at the time of writing, we can only hope that they do as well as the seniors who finished first on the day. Much of the credit must go to P. J. Smith, who finished up as senior champion, but I am sure that even he would agree that all boys who spared the time and effort to obtain valuable standard points deserve commendation.
    There once was a time when Frith automatically won the Rugby and Basketball sections of the Championship, but sadly these days have passed and with the departure of our more robust seniors, we finished last in both events. We do, however, still possess some skill at football and cricket, although this is unfortunately confined to the upper part of the House.
    But superiority in two or three events is not enough. If Frith is to salvage her pride once again, then more effort is needed from all sections of the House. Enthusiasm can be as important as ability and surely it is not too much to ask boys to show willing even if the odds are against them.
    Finally, I would like to express the thanks of Frith House, past and present, to Mr. Jacques, who retired as House Master this year. Over the years, Mr. Jacques has given devoted and undying attention to the running or the House and guided her to a record number of consecutive championship successes. We have an able successor in Mr. King and I would like to wish him, my own successor, and above all, Frith House all the best in the years to came.

M. J. Durrant.

Park House Notes

    By the end of Junior Sports Day it seemed that, after two successive runaway victories in the House Championship, we were likely to finish a comparatively ignominious third. And yet the year had started quite well, with the Upper school showing a welcome resurgence of enthusiasm and competence. While we were a shade unlucky to gain only second place in Soccer and Rugby, with Nash and Wilcox respectively prominent and effective, Basketball and Tennis, led by Kemp and Amos, Brought us our only outright wins.
    In Athletics, however, we were sadly let down by both Middle and Lower school, which have in the past been our strongest sections. Let us hope that this was only an aberration - and ensure that it remains so.
    It was as well for the House, then, that we had in Bennet a House Captain and in Towe a House Cricket Captain who refused to give in, for between them they stimulated the Upper House into outright victory in both 1st and 2nd XI Cricket and, consequently, into victory in the House Championship by the narrowest of margins. The moral for 1970-71 needs no pointing.
    Well done, Park.

R.W.M.

Parents Association

    The main functions organised during the year were the May Ball and the Spring Fair. As a result of the latter, the Association had been able to provide an offset-litho machine, a second-hand car for C.C.F. driving lessons, reflective arm bands for first and second year boys who walk to school along badly lit roads, and a donation to the Sailing Club.
    Many thanks to everyone who supported the Spring fair and helped to make it so successful.

B. Harrison
(Hon. Secretary)

Old Pharosians

President for 1970-71 Dr. J. W. Menter, F.R.S.
Hon. Secretary H. R. Slater, Esq.,
  Meadow Cottage,
  Beauxfield, Whitfield.
Hon. Treasurer Rev. W. P. Kemp,
  The Rectory,
  Denton, Canterbury.
Hon. Editor of the Newsletter E. H. Baker, Esq.,
  24 Downs Road,
  Penenden Heath
  Maidstone.

    The Association exists to bind together those who have an affectionate interest in this school.
    Boys leaving school are invited to join at a first annual subscription of half-a-crown. This entitles them to receive issues of the Newsletter twice a year, to attend Annual General meetings, lunches, dinners and dances: and play in Old Boys' sports teams against the school.
    Mr. Ruffell is one of the representatives of the Association, and names, addresses and subscriptions may be given to him.

K.H.R.

WAG TAIL

A final WAG
    of the TALE
        by the 'WAG'
    at the TAIL
        of the
        MAG


(Certified Howlers from the summer examinations)

2nd year.

Q. What is pollination? A. Dirty water.

The disciples were in the upper room when wind came rushing in like that of a tycoon.

3rd year.

Dunstan took refuse in Flanders.

(Luther against Indulgences) This meant that you would still go straight to heaven instead of staying in puberty, for the crimes that they had committed.

4th year.

One of the main industries in Edinburgh is bookmaking.

Lower Sixth.

In the Murray valley large dames supply water for irrigation but this is usually too salty for livestock.