No. 12. APRIL, 1913. VOL. V.



Notices The Inter-school Sports
Editorial A Topical Fragment
Gleams and Flashes Fossil Hunting
Football Season, 1912-13 Impressions on London River
Form IV Sports The Junior School Party
Cricket 1913 A Great Battle
Merit List A visit to H.M.S. "Victory"
Scouting Notes From the "Vox Lycei"
The Football Social The Voyage of the "Engadine"
My Brother's First Voyage How Pyramids were built
S.S. "Sardinia" Egyptian Writings
A Day's Fishing Experiences Some Schoolboy "Howlers"
Gault A Coast Guard
A visit to S.E. and C.R. Marine Works     The Highlands of Scotland
Band Effects The Music lectures
Half term at Tilmanstone Colliery Answers to Correspondents
Truth from The Well Annual School Sports accounts 1912
A visit to the S.E.C.R. Works, Ashford  


    The next School Term will extend from May 7th to July 30th. Half-term: June 21st and 23rd, 1913.
    The next number of "The Pharos'' will appear about June 30th, 1913. Contributions should reach the Editor before June 11th, 1913.
    Copies can be obtained from the "Express'' Office, or from the Editor.
    We acknowledge, with thanks, "Ruym," and the "Bromleian."


    "The Pharos'' appears this time in new guise. For the charming design which now ornaments the cover, the whole School will, we are sure, feel deeply indebted to Mr. James, who has combined for us Arms of School and County, Pharos and School Motto, with excellent effect.
    The money cost of the block from which the cover is printed has been generously offered to the School by the successful candidates in last year's Oxford Locals. We trust that the Magazine will in its changed form receive support even more enthusiastic than that accorded to former numbers. Under the new conditions, payment for the Magazine is included in the sum paid terminally to cover the cost of Sports, Library, etc. ; it is only then by contributing articles that members of the School can show interest.
    In a world where so much is fleeting, the persistence of the Magazine debt might excite wonder. The said debt is, however, a relic of the bad old days; Miss McNeille has promised to do her best (by a concert) to bring about its extinction, and we are very grateful for the offer.
    To all Readers—a pleasant Easter Vacation.


    The School is now in possession of Stage Scenery to the following extent:— Two Interiors, One Forest, One Street. This was acquired at the sale of the property of the G.P.D.S. Old Girls' Association with part of the proceeds of the concert held on— well, it was the Carrotina Concert.


    Finnis, Doubleday, Belson, Pryer, and Evans are in Dover on Easter leave; Goodbun and Broad are also at home; R. Carey is somewhere between Durban and the Philippines; Law and T. Pritchard at the Telephone Exchange; Fisher is Assistant Master at Eastry School;
Francis is engaged at Messrs. Pearson's dock at Woolwich.


    Gann and Walsh, by passing the London Final Arts last October, bring the number of D.C.S. graduates to three. (We are eight years old, as a School.) Hearty congratulations to both. We know they will not stop at this stage. Gann is still at Battersea.


    Walsh is teaching at a Council School in Kennington, where he has recently organised a successful geographical exhibition. Kyle has been successful in the examination for clerkships in the London City and Midland Bank, and has begun work at the Dover Branch; Grimer is assistant operator at the Queen's Hall; Spain has passed the necessary examination, and is now engaged in the Ashford Post Office.


    On Friday, February 14th, the assembled School heard from the Headmaster a few words on the Scott Disaster. The lesson was, we think, fully understood by all, and as a result a contribution of £2 7s. 6d. was sent to the "Daily Telegraph," and duly acknowledged.
    And so the names of Scott, Oates, Evans, Bowers, and Wilson are added to the long roll—the roll of the British who have died good deaths, the " gentlemen unafraid" who
rest till "the Master of all good workmen shall set them to work anew."


Date. Opponents. Ground. Result.
Oct. 2nd      St. Augustine's College    Ramsgate Lost 12-0
Oct. 23rd  Ramsgate County Dover Won 4-2
Oct. 30th  Simon Langton Dover Lost 10-0
Nov. 6th  Harvey Grammar Folkestone Won 6-5
Nov. 13th  Simon Langton Canterbury     Lost 5-0
Nov. 20th  Harvey Grammar Dover Won 9-4
Nov. 27th  Ramsgate County Ramsgate Lost 9-1
Jan. 29th  Old Boys  Dover Won 3-2
Feb. 19th  Simon Langton Dover Lost 13-1
Feb. 26th  Harvey Grammar  Folkestone Won 5-0
Mar. 5th  Harvey Grammar Dover Won 5-1
Mar. 12th  Simon Langton Canterbury Lost 5-1
Matches Played.  Won.   Lost.   Drawn.   For.   Agst. 
12 6 6 0 35 64



    Played on October 2nd.—This, the first match of the season, resulted in the heaviest defeat the School has suffered for some seasons. Slackness on the part of two members of the team meant that we played with nine men only and an experimental team, thus weakened, lost to the tune of 1 2 goals to love. Almost from the start, Coombs had to go into goal owing to injury.
    Team:—Street (goal); Eastes, Robinson (backs); Spain, Coombs (captain), Palmer (half-backs); Cullinane, Fry, Russell, Took, Rigden (forwards).



    October 23rd, at Dover.—Improved form marked the School’s first victory for the season. Playing the same team, we held our own to the end, leading at half-time by 2 to 1,
and finishing 4 to 2 in our favour.
    Scorers:—Coombs (2), Russell (1) Spain (1)



    October 30th at Dover.— Superior weight told in this game; our lighter men, though playing stubbornly, were outmanœuvered in all departments, and being in arrears at half-time by 6—0, failed to prevent the addition of four more goals.
    Team:—Street (goal); Eastes, Robinson (backs); Spain, Coombs (captain), Palmer (half-backs); Cullinane, Fry, Russell, Pryer, Rigden (forwards).



    November 6th, at Folkestone.—Resolved itself into the closest match of the season. Although twice two goals to the bad, we played good football, and managed to obtain the lead at half-time 5—4. From the kick-off our opponents scored, but after fast and exciting play, Fry scored the winning goal a few minutes from time.
    Scorers:—Pryer (3), Fry (2), Russell (1).
    Team:—Same as previous week, except that Davis took place of Palmer at half-back.



    November 13th at Canterbury.—Despite the heavy defeat we had sustained in previous match, we put up a good fight, and lost by 5 goals to nil. Much credit is due to the younger members of the team for plucky play. The team was weakened by the absence of Fry and Pryer, owing to illness and examination respectively.
    Team:—Street (goal); Robinson, Eastes (backs); Spain, Coombs (captain), Davis (half-backs); Cullinane, Fincham, Russell, Palmer, Rigden (forwards).



    November 20th, at Dover.—This return match gave us a third victory by 9 goals to 4. The chief features of the match were the scoring feat of Russell (who was responsible for five goals), and the play of the opposing centre forward, Smith.
    Scorers:—Russell (5) Cullinane (2), Pryer (1) Coombs (1).
    Team:—Street (goal); Robinson, Eastes (backs); Spain, Coombs (captain), Davis (half-backs); Cullinane, Fry, Russell, Fryer, Rigden (forwards).



    November 27th, at Ramsgate.—Represented by a team at full strength, nevertheless, the School lost a one-sided game by 9—1. A singular loss of form was apparent from the commencement, and we were handicapped by the heavy state of the ground. Coombs lost two opportunities of scoring from penalties, but partly made good by scoring the only goal towards the end with a cross-shot.
    Team:—Same as previous week.



    January 29th, at Danes.—This match was spoilt by the weather. Rain fell throughout the match, and, adapting ourselves better to the conditions, we led at half-time by 2 goals to love. Resuming, Russell soon completed the hat-trick, causing a re-arrangement in the opposing forward line. Its success was soon evident, as Morrison, by two splendid efforts, reduced our lead to one goal, which condition of affairs lasted to the end, despite the determined onslaughts of the Old Boys.
    School Team:—Same as before, except that Costelloe played in place of Pryer, left.
    Old Boys’ Team:—Maynard (captain), Fisher, Lamidey, Reeder ii., Morrison, Banks, Sutton, Worcester, French, Brett, Carey.
    Two of the Present Boys played for the Old Boys, owing to the absence of Maynard and Fisher. Worcester assumed captaincy.



    February 19th, at Dover.—A very one-sided game resulted in the defeat of the School by 13 goals to 1. Greatly superior weight told against us, and despite Russell's scoring effort, no feature but our own ineffectiveness marked the progress of the game. Close on time a penalty was missed, Russell taking the kick.
    Team:—Same team, with exception that Took played in place of Davis.



    February 26th, at Folkestone.—In this match we atoned for the heavy defeat of previous week, by winning easily by 5 goals to nil. Coombs completed hat trick in first half, which comprised all the scoring in that moiety. Resuming, we continued to hold our own, and added two more points, but failed to add to score, despite great efforts.
    Scorers:—Coombs (3), Costelloe (1), Kyle (1).
    Team:—Buxton (goal); Robinson, Eastes (backs); Davis, Coombs (captain), Costelloe (half-backs); Cullinane, Fry, Russell, Kyle, Rigden (forwards).



    March 5th, at Dover.—Little anxiety was caused in anticipating the result of this return march, but expectations were not fully realised, though we won comfortably by 5 goals to 1. Half-time arrived with the score 3 to 1 in our favour ; Russell scored two goals, to which a third was added by Coombs. A surprising goal reduced our lead, but continuing to hold the upper hand, we failed to score again before half-time. The feature of this moiety was the good corner kicking of Rigden, who, throughout, played well. On the resumption we continued to be the aggressors. Kyle added one, and towards the close Coombs scored the fifth and last goal. The latter failed in a penalty kick.
    Scorers:—Russell (2), Coombs (2), Kyle (1).
    Team:—Same as previous week.



    March 12th, at Canterbury.—Our opponents, fielding a team composed of 1st and 2nd XI. members, provided a much more interesting and even game. We played only ten men, and Eastes, falling ill, partly through first half, still further weakened our forces. Half-time arrived with the score 1—0 against us, but resuming at a disadvantage, caused by wind, we were soon three goals to the bad. Coombs then, unfortunately, turned the ball into his own goal in an effort to clear, but at this point Costelloe scored front a breakaway. Scoring once more, our opponents retired winners of a fast and interesting game by 5 goals to 1. Russell was greatly missed; he was away attending an examination. An experimental half-back line—Cullinane, Coombs, and Fry—proved successful in greatly strengthening the defence.

Second XI.

    Only three matches have been played since the last issue of "The Pharos," two having been won and one lost. The record for the season is as follows:—


Matches Played.   Won.   Lost.   For.   Agst. 
7 3 4 31 22


    On the 3rd December we met Harvey Grammar School at Folkestone, and, after a keen game, ran out losers by 3—0.


    On the 10th December we played Harvey Grammar School at the Danes, and won by 20 goals to nil.
    The scorers were:—Cullinane (11), Lawes (2), Lyons ii. (3), Kyle (3), Davis i. (1).


    On December 23rd we played St. Martin's School at Maxton, and won a very hard game by 2—1. The St. Martin's team were the winners of the Schools' Football Shield.
    The scorers were:—Rigden (1), Costelloe i. (1).

W. COSTELLOE (Captain).


    This Term the Form have played three matches, and won them all. The first match played was against the Junior School, whom we defeated 10-3. Atkins scored three of these goals in his first appearance for the Form.


    In the return match with the Juniors, though we could muster but nine men, we were again successful, winning 3-1. Stanley, Lyons i., and Lyons ii. scored for the Form.


    Our third match was against the "Rest of the School." whom we beat 7—2. The team was considerably weakened. Buxton, Morrison, Lyons i., and Lyons ii. being unable to play.


    Robinson, Eastes, Rigden and Cullinane have not been able to help the Form, owing to their services being required for the First Eleven.


    The following is the Form IV. team:—Buxton, Lyons i., Anderson, Glinn, Stanley, Saville, Masters, I.yons ii. (captain), Atkins, Morrison and Palmer.

LYONS II (Captain)

CRICKET. 1913.


May 21st     Simon Langton Canterbury
June 4th Sports Day Crabble
June 11th St. Augustine's Crabble
June 25th Simon Langton      Crabble
July 2nd St. Augustine's Ramsgate
July 29th Old Boys Crabble

Fixtures still to be arranged with Ramsgate County and Harvey Grammar.


    VI.—Hampden (3), Kyle (3) Costelloe (3), Russell (3), Watts (2), Fox (1).
    V.—Bromley (1), Morgan (3), Ford (3), Green (1), Galilee (1), Penn (1), Ripp (1), Jago (1), Cook (1).
    IV.—De Coster (3), Chase (1).
    III.—Strandring (2), Street (2), Dewell (2). Brown (2), Lawes (2), Chittenden (1), Walter (1), Holland (1).
    IIa.—Lovely (2), Roberts (2), Perry (2), Gibbons (1), Lloyd (2), French (2), Ripp (1), Cocks (1).
    IIb.—Bourdeaux ii. (1).
    I.—Grew (2), H. Palmer (2), Sibley (2), Clement (1), Hopkins (1).


    In the last number of "The Pharos" a short article defined the position of the Troop as a School organisation. Since then the issue of a Code of Rules has placed our method of work on a definite basis, and will, it is hoped, avoid much confusion and consequent loss of efficiency.


    A course of lessons in Ambulance has resulted in a nice crop of these "Public Utility" badges, and the good work of Kyle, Chase, and Green in giving ambulance instruction for the second class badges has been of great help, and will, we hope, be imitated by their successors in future years.


    Our congratulations are due to the following successful candidates for their Ambulance Badge:—Bromley (who gained full marks), Armstrong i., Eaton. Hadlow, Hood, Masters, and Mowll. Took qualified, subject to his obtaining the second class badge this Term. Kyle and Green passed for annual re-examination, the latter gaining full marks. And also to Hadlow, who gained the prize for the best individual exhibit in the Troop at the recent Scouts Exhibition. His model bridge was much admired be those who understood pioneering. May he, and others, acquit themselves as well at the forthcoming Annual Rally and Exhibition for East Kent at Margate on Whit-Monday.


    Several swimming practices have been held, and have been regularly attended. The serious effort to learn to swim have been most encouraging to the Officers, as has also the esprit de corps which the Seniors have shown in helping their younger comrades.


    The Inter-Patrol Contest, based on attendances, smartness, badge work, games, etc., has, so far, proven a healthy stimulus, and is being taken in a sportsmanlike way. At the moment of going to Press the scores are:—Pee-wits, 309; Foxes, 359; Cobras, 343; the contest will close at the end of the Summer Camp.


    This last event is already in our thoughts, and several members are already at work endeavouring to make themselves efficient in sundry branches of camp work, and so to lighten the burden on the Officers. Success to their efforts!


    Our Saturday Parades have been exceptionally successful, thanks, partly to the mild weather, and partly to the increased membership of the Troop, which now stands at the record number, 28.


    Two opportunities of rendering public service have been afforded us. In one we provided "patients" for a St. John's Ambulance examination; and in the other several members of the Troop acted as Stewards at the Scott Memorial Concert in the Town Hall. Their services in the latter capacity called forth high praise from the Commissioner at the March Scoutmasters' meeting, and also a most grateful letter of thanks from Miss Hardy, of Victoria Park, by whom the Concert was organised.


    The Troop also sent a good muster to Mr. Seton's lecture, and provided its share of members of the Guard of Honour which was accorded him as Chief Scout of America.


    The following have qualified in swimming for the first Class badge:—Armstrong i., Bromley, Eaton, Green, and Ripp. Mr. Denne kindly acted as examiner.


    Our thanks are due to Dr. F. A. Osborn, the examiner to the Dover Boy Scouts Association, for kindly conducting the examination.


    This Social was held in the Girls' County School on February 8th.
    The Hall had been decorated by the Football Committee with flags the previous afternoon.
    The Social was timed to begin at 7 o'clock, and at 7.15 it was opened by a polka. This was followed by a game, Musical Flop, and the judges apparently decided against those directly in front of them.
    After the lancers and a game of "Winking," in which the attempts of some of the lady competitors were very amusing, the Kentish Blackberries appeared.
    This troupe consisted of Robinson, Fry Coombs, Lamidey, and Spain, who appeared with blackened bands and faces, and attired in the School Football shirts and shorts. Why their faces were blackened it is difficult to say, but perhaps they were ashamed to allow the audience to be aware of their identity.
    Most of the popular "rag-time" songs were sung, the choruses being very feebly responded to by the audience, and Coombs gave a stump speech. Of course, as is the custom, there were the usual jokes(?).
    Supper was now served, and was evidently a success.
    After more lances, "Auld Lang Syne" and the National Anthem were sung, and those present, about fifty-five, made their way home at 11 o'clock, after a very enjoyable time.



    W H Carlton sailed from London on the 5th December on board the s.s. 'Serrana,' belonging to Scrutton, Sons and Co., for the West Indies. He left the West India Dock in the afternoon, having a rough time down Channel, as a bit of an eye-opener as to sea life. The ship called at Dartmouth the next day to fill the bunkers with coal for the trip across the Atlantic. Leaving Dartmouth the next day, December 7th, in fine weather, they arrived at Barbadoes, the first port of call, on December 23rd. after a somewhat rough passage, many a time feeling a little home-sick. There are four apprentices, two in each watch of four hours on and four hours off, having to stand on the bridge and wait on the officers. After leaving Barbadoes they call at St. Vincent, Dominica, Grenada, La Brae, St. Lucia. Martinique, Trinidad and Demerara, discharging and loading cargo for home. Leaving Demerara for London on January 21st having a somewhat similar trip home to the trip out, they arrived home at London on February 8th. So ended the first voyage.



    One day we were going out to drill at our School in Malta when we noticed a large amount of smoke passing over our heads. Our master, thinking there was an accident, climbed on to she top of the School, and came back and said, ''All go in School; there is a ship on fire." We all went in school, and climbed out again through the window. Rushing up a bank, we stood on the top and saw a ship just going out of the harbour. It was on fire. All at once there was a loud explosion, and we saw the bridge where the captain was standing fly up in the air. Then we saw a lot of Arabs jump into the sea. There was nobody to guide the ship, because the bridge was blown up, and the ship kept circling round outside the harbour. Three or four tugs followed her, one carrying my father. The men on the tugs shouted to those on the ship to jump into the water, so that they could be picked up. Some of them jumped, only to be cut to pieces by the propeller. Near where the ship was circling round was a range on which were thousands of sailors. Many of the sailors were willing to swim out to the ship to save the men's lives, but they were kept back by the officers. At last the ship came right on the rocks, where the sailors were willing to give help. She grounded on the rocks, and then the sailors were sent to help those who jumped from the boat into the water. When the Arabs were brought ashore they had each a bag of money tied on their arms. We were allowed to stop and watch the ship all the morning, and then our master said, "I shall have to give you an extra hour and a half's work in the dinner hour." After a month, there was nothing left of the ship except the boiler, which was soon removed. There were a very few saved, but none of them could tell the real tale of how the ship caught fire.



    Fishing is an art, or, at least, ''it is an art to catch fish." Much is in this sentence, as my friend and I learnt by bitter experience one fine day in the Summer holidays. Among other things that we had impressed on our memories was the fact that fishing does not merely consist of dangling a worm in the water over the side of a boat, but there were other minor details to be considered.
    My friend had been tempted by a bribe of a motor cycle if he caught a conger five feet in length. A truly stupendous offer, but seeing that he had had little experience in the gentle art of fishing, the cycle would, most probably, remain where it was. Consequently, on one fine morning of last Summer one might have seen us on the beach armed with bait, rods, provisions, etc., in search of a boatman. We found the man of our desires in Bill, a seasoned "salt" (mixed with a good sprinkling of pepper, as I afterwards found), who had the curious habit of looking at you with one eye, whilst the other was searching elsewhere. He agreed to take us for the day in his craft, "The Ocean Queen." I must confess that I thought the sea had higher ambitions as I gazed upon his boat, patched with Sunlight soap, cube sugar, and patent medicine boxes, held together by nails, string and soap! We had our doubts about trusting our precious lives to its tender mercies, but the faint sounds of "chug, chug," in our ears dispersed all fears.
    We got afloat after a deal of difficulty, and sailed out for about two miles. We had our lines baited, and commenced operations. It was not very warm, but, nevertheless, we fished patiently for about an hour without getting a bite, after which time, with the steady dripping of cold sea water down our arms and on to our knees, we began to lose heart a little. But just as we thought of moving away, my friend had a bite. To hear him yell, one would have thought he had been bitten himself, and not the worm. In his excitement, he stood up, and as the boat rolled he fell over the seat, upsetting the bait into our provisions. I was too convulsed with laughter to notice this incident, as he had by this time entangled himself in the line. Bill managed to extricate him and land the fish, which proved to be a cod of about 6lbs. weight. Then my difficulties began. Inspired by the success of my friend, I tried again with fresh zeal. I was on one side of the boat, and my friend on the other. All at once we both felt a pull, and shouted simultaneously, "I've got one!'' and pulled with all our might. If we had been experienced fishermen, we would have known that what we had hold of was obviously not a fish. Anyhow, my line broke under the strain, and I sat down with more violence than was comfortable, on a pail. At the same instant, my friend sat on top of me. Nevertheless, he continued to haul in, coiling the wet line round my neck. After we had sorted ourselves out, we discovered that our lines had caught under the boat! Just then another boat passed. Bill hailed them, and asked what luck they had had? They replied that they had no fish. Bill proudly showed our cod, and, by careful manipulation, managed to get other cod from different parts of the boat. The unsuccessful ones were astonished.
    We thought it about time for lunch, and so my friend leant down to get the sandwiches, when he caught hold of—what? A worm! We looked, and the bait had fallen into the provisions. Worm sandwiches! We were not very particular boys, but we drew the line there. Old Bill had some beer and cheese, but beer we were not in the habit of drinking; and the cheese, well, we might as well have eaten the sandwiches! We had had sufficient fishing for one day, and so we decided to return home, when we noticed that the wind had dropped. Two miles to row! Saying things about fish in general, and congers in particular, we rowed home. On reaching the shore, we were visibly thinner, and nearly expired when we discovered it was low tide, which would mean a dreary tramp round an antediluvian capstan. The boat was eventually hauled up, and two tired and very angry boys started for home. The very first thing they saw was a motor cycle. They turned away their heads, and thought bitterly within themselves.

H. J. H.


    One day in the Summer holidays Mr. Thomas and I had a very pleasant excursion to the Warren. This expedition was really to examine the outcrop of the gault and chalk strata and to collect some fossils.
    The train went at 9 o'clock, but owing to the life of ease I had been leading since we had "broken up," I lost it, and we were thus forced to wait half an hour.
    We arrived about 10 o'clock, and commenced by taking some photographs. It was the first time I had seen gault, but I have still dim recollections of my feet flying out in opposite directions, recalling my first attempts at skating, and boots covered with sticky clay such as one gets at the "Danes'' after it has been raining for a day or two. We spent most of our time probing into the gault for fossils. The latter were most provoking, because after about fifteen minutes' weary toil, just at the moment when you had got a "beauty" within your grasp, it would shiver into a hundred pieces. The gault, being impervious to water, was not only slippery, but had fairly large ponds connected by narrow channels. The path led across one of the latter, and in a moment of indiscretion, unheeding the wise counsels of Mr. Thomas, I tried to jump across it with my hands filled with lumps of rock, etc. I landed on the other bank all right, but next moment I was floundering in water up past my knees. When Mr. Thomas had finished laughing, he helped me out, but minus the specimens I had held. Before having dinner I resolved to wash my hands, and so went to a large pond near us. I approached the edge with extreme caution and, I must confess, with some feeling of apprehension, because only the night previously, whilst reading the "Food of the Gods," I had come across the chapter which recounted the horrible experiences of the naturalist, and the details had been vividly impressed on my memory. This time I was more successful, only getting my boots wet. We now wandered along the shore, and, by a veritable stroke of luck, we came upon a great bed of fossils, which repaid any former trouble. I had one more accident, falling over and getting my overcoat covered with the sticky clay. I did not feel very comfortable, as we were, to say the least, rather untidy, and it did not add to our pleasure to hear a servant girl remark, "Good gracious! Fancy not having had their boots cleaned at this time of day.'' I must confess I was rather ashamed of my disreputable appearance, and so I was glad to reach home, traversing bye-streets, etc. Anyway, it proved a very enjoyable and interesting day.



    On Tuesday afternoon, the 25th February, a party, consisting of the Headmaster, Mr. Schofield, and the members of Forms V. and VI. visited the above Works.
    As soon as first lesson was over, the party went to the Works, and after a short wait were shown into the carpenter's shop, where the wooden models of the castings are made. After one or two of the braver members of the party had tried their skill on the lathe, the majority of the remainder were soon eager to turn out table legs.
    The metal shop was the next portion of the Works seen. Here the nuts, screws, bolts, etc., are made, and it was wonderful how neatly and smoothly the machinery cut the different metals.
    We left this shop, after a short stay, for the casting room, but on the way we saw a machine used for cutting and punching holes in metal. The machine with ease punches holes in ½in. wrought iron, and cuts steel as if it were cheese.
    Before visiting the casting shop, we inspected some machinery. To reach this, we had to mount a staircase two yards from a furnace throwing out sparks. In the ascent one boy got his trousers burnt, and another scorched his coat, and another got his leg burnt. When the descent journey was made, it was noticeable that many jumped the last four or five steps!
    We now entered the casting shop, where we saw the molten metal poured into the castings. After seeing this done three or four times, we were shown the brazing shop, where a piece of brazing was done for our benefit.
    Next we were interested in the blacksmith's shop. Here there are five forges, and it was very interesting to see the men at work.
    This ended our visit at these Works, and we went to the Pier to await the arrival of the 5 o'clock Calais boat, so as to see the engines at work, and we crossed to the Prince of Wales' Pier. Thus ended a very instructive and interesting visit.



    Everybody enjoys hearing a good orchestra or band—the R.G.A., for example—but few people, however, know how the effects are obtained. There are many people who look on the Side Drummer as an unnecessary evil, and the drum as a noisy instrument. It is however, the aforesaid drummer to whom is entrusted the duty of making and bringing in the effects at the right time. It would surprise some people if they saw the articles with which the drummer is sometimes supplied. For instance, in Spanish dances the drummer is supplied with a half cocoanut shell, which has had the hair taken off; with this he imitates the sound of people dancing. In some bands, he has a pair of sticks, with hollow pieces of wood fastened on the end, which he shakes, and so gets the same effect. The Spaniards are very adept at imitating the sound of people dancing by drawing the fingers from the tip to the ball of the thumb. Sometimes a sheet of iron is given to the drummer with which to imitate thunder, or a whip for hunting scenes; a pop-gun or a tambourine may be part of his equipment for an evening's programme. The bagpipes are imitated by the reed instruments, all the notes being slurred. The pipes themselves are seldom used, as it is extremely difficult to play them when the performer is sitting down; they are easiest to play marching. An example of how laughable exaggerated gestures on the part of the Conductor can be would not, perhaps, be out of place here. A certain well known Conductor was conducting at a concert, and in trying to get a terrific crash, from the orchestra, he gave the tenor soloist a frightful smack on the head, and soon after he was giving little beats for the soprano soloist, when his baton caught in the net which she had over her hair.

R. G.


    Monday, February 24th, being Half Term holiday, a party, consisting of the members of Form VI. and most of the Staff, with their friends, visited Tilmanstone Colliery. The visit had been arranged beforehand by Mr. Whitehouse and Mr. Schofield. The visitors took train to Shepherds well, arriving there a little after ten o'clock. The East Kent Light Railway train was waiting in a siding, and exclamations of surprise were heard on all sides. People do not generally expect to find such comfortable carriages on a three-mile railway line at "little, out-of-the-wag places" like Shepherdswell. The padded saloon compartments, with curtained windows, were very comfortable, although the train jolted a little when at last it did start, after a long wait, during which a derailed truck was again put on the line. During the journey to Tilmanstone the permanent railway, now in course of construction, was continually in sight. On arrival at Tilmanstone the party took a first look down the pit. The first glimpse did not inspire much confidence. A wide, circular well, with brick sides, hidden in darkness within a few yards of the top, with three ropes disappearing into the blackness did not look very inviting. The middle rope then began to move upwards at a terrific speed, and a cage, containing one man, appeared at the top, was lifted a little above the top level, the doors of the pit closed down, and the cage rested on the platform. After this first look, the visitors proceeded towards the winding house, in which the huge drum which hauls up the cage and hoppit revolves. The drum is twenty feet in diameter, and is driven by a large engine, with a huge cylinder, a long thick connecting rod and a huge crank, the engine being two thousand horse-power. The over-winding gear was next inspected. This gear prevents the cage being wound up into the head-gear, and puts the brake on if the hoppit travels too fast down or up the pit. A move was then made towards the boilers, and the peculiarities of each boiler explained. After watching the boilers for a little while, the visitors went towards the power house, and then made ready to descend the pit. Oilskins were donned, and the cage was soon filled. The men at the pit-mouth seemed to rush up into the sky, and brick walls appeared, which followed the men. A blaze of light rushed up towards the cage, passed it, and then rushed away again at an equal speed. The pit bottom was soon reached, and the pump-house entered. In the pump-house several dynamos were working the pumps, the water bubbled under the floor, and it was explained that if the pumps stopped for an instant the pump-house would be flooded. The party again climbed into the cage and went up to the surface, the small speck of daylight above becoming larger and larger until finally the cage rested on the platform at the top. It was suggested that the sensation of ascending the pit must be very like that of flying. The sightseers then walked over to Elvington, the model "miners' village." Dinner was taken in the Workmen's Institute. After reaching Tilmanstone again, a tired but satisfied party climbed into the saloon carriage, and were taken to Shepherdswell Station.

W. H. F.


    The Term which has elapsed since the publication of the last number of "The Pharos" has not been uneventful so far as the members of Form VI. are concerned.
    On other pages will be found detailed accounts of our visits to Dover Gas Works, the Railway Packet Yard, and Tilmanstone Colliery, and we wish again to express our appreciation of the kindness of Mr. Whitehouse and Mr. Schofield in organising these excursions, and the care taken by the Managers of the Works to make the visits interesting and instructive to us. The Senior School party provided another welcome break in the monotony of School life, and this also is described elsewhere.
    We have grown to like our Class-room more than ever as time has gone on, and are convinced that it is the best and cosiest in the School, in spite of its many disadvantages.  The cupboards, which I mentioned last time, have had their halo of mystery somewhat dispelled, for we were asked to search them in the hope of finding some long-forgotten science apparatus. The search was difficult, necessitating the removal of several desks, and the miscellany of objects which we dragged forth to the light of day could hardly have been called scientific. The chief articles were a discarded towel, a large bale of straw, and an awe-inspiring collection of old rags, besides such an enormous quantity of dust that supplying soap to wash it off was a strain on the School's resources. These cupboards also provide a hiding place for the smaller members of the Form, when the stress of circumstances compels them to retire for a while from the view of the public.
    Other features of the room which afford us considerable amusement are the notice board, to which more than a dozen indispensable papers are fastened by one drawing pin; the ink-pots, which are always stopped up with rubbish and ruin many new nibs; and the calendar, which has an exasperating habit of disappearing and coming hack again at regular intervals.
    Near the notice hoard hangs a framed picture of Sir John Falstaff, lust about to quench his thirst from a glass mug containing some liquid which is, of course, ginger-beer. Hitherto, we have regarded this with equanimity, but we tremble to consider the approaching Summer, for our tortures will put those of Tantalus completely in the shade if, with this picture before our eyes, we are confined to a furnace-like Class-room and compelled to concentrate our, faculties on the bewildering eccentricities of French grammar or the astonishing behaviour of the Binomial Theorem.
    Next Term we shall no longer be able to inform inquiring Masters that we are seven, for a member of the Form, Kyle, is about to leave the School for the London and Midland Bank, in which he has been fortunate enough to secure a position. The news of his approaching departure was greeted with ironic shouts of joy and freely expressed relief, but, having had the pleasure of Kyle's company for over four years, we are really very sorry to have to say good-bye to him, and to feel that our Form, which has held together for so long, is losing one more member.
    At the same time, we congratulate him on having passed his examination, and on escaping from the Oxford Senior Local, the menacing shadow of which daily looms nearer and darker over us.



    A few days ago some members of the County School had the opportunity of joining a Technical School party in a visit to the above Works, and the following jottings of what they saw there may be of interest.
    Railway fares are so low, railway coaches are such common objects, and frequently such very dusty ones, that it rarely strikes us that each coach is worth several hundreds of pounds, but this fact became abundantly clear as we saw them in various stages of manufacture.
    To start with, the wooden beams which support the flooring are made of oak, the framework is of teak, and the panels which form the greater part of the outside walls are of Honduras mahogany. These pieces are all planed by a species of rotating plane with three knife edges, which take the whole breadth of the plank at once. Canvas is glued on to the inside of the mahogany panels, presumably to prevent them from splitting along the grain in the hot sun. All joins are carefully sand-papered to evenness before any panel is laid on.
    The wheels ordinarily consist of an iron hub, then a ring of wooden spokes, which appear to be solid, and round which runs the steel tyre. We were fortunate in seeing one of these removed from some old wheels to which new tyres were to be fitted. The two wheels and axle were slung up in chains so that the axle hung vertically and the wheels were horizontal. One wheel was then lowered into a shallow pit round which were arranged a number of blow-pipe nozzles. Jets of flame were directed on the tyre, and in about two minutes the expansion was sufficient to allow the inner parts of the wheel to be lifted out.
    Some modern wheels are entirely of iron. We were fortunate in seeing an old tyre removed from one of these, but in this case the more primitive method of heating first one side and then another in a blacksmith's fire was used, and three men then smote the tyre with sledge hammers until it fell off.
    The wheels are not keyed to the axles, but only pressed in to a conical bearing by means of an hydraulic pressure of 60 tons.
    A delicate operation was the making of moulds for casting. The wooden pattern of an engine funnel was embedded in moist sand, and removed. The impression left was carefully painted over with black lead to give it a smooth surface, and a central core then suspended in the centre to form the tube of the funnel, and the other half of the mould was fixed in place. The metal on being poured in fills the space between the core and the rest of the mould, and so makes the funnel.
    We did not see this metal poured, but a visit to the brass foundry just before leaving enabled us to see molten brass poured into the moulds. The castings so formed take about a quarter of an hour to cool.
    The cutting of iron plates belonging to the buffer arrangements was interesting owing to its primitive principle. The required shape was that of an "H",' and this was obtained by punching holes about half an inch diameter with a steam punch just in the same way as a boy cuts a circle out of the lid of a canister by means of a hammer and a nail.
    The immense cost of an engine was impressed on us when we saw the fire boxes, made of solid copper. Some parts of these were shaped like trays, about 4ft. by 3ft., and about 1ft. deep. The metal was about half an inch thick. For scrap metal for chemical experiments we pay 1/6 per lb. Perhaps some enthusiasts may like to figure out the cost of such a tray. For their information we will add that the specific gravity of copper is about 8.9.
    Just as we were entering the Works we were fortunate enough to catch a glimpse of H.M.A.S. "Beta" passing over the town on her return from her record voyage of eight and a half hours' duration.


    At Ramsgate, on Saturday April 5th representatives of five of the six County Schools in Kent are to meet in the first annual inter-School Athletic Sports. Those which will be represented are Beckenham, Dover, Erith, Gravesend, and Ramsgate, and the remaining School (Bromley) hopes to take part in the meeting in subsequent years.
    The proposal to hold an event of this kind annually was originally put forward last December in a letter from the Headmaster and Sports Masters of the Ramsgate County School, who suggested that a Sports Meeting of this kind would tend to encourage athletics in the various Schools by promoting a healthy rivalry similar to that which already exists in football and cricket. They also pointed out that such an event would fill up the gap between the cricket and football seasons which occurs at most Schools, and that it would have the further effect of drawing the Schools closer together. The proposal was taken up and welcomed by all lovers of the Schools, and all except Bromley (which is newly founded) expressed a willingness to send a team to compete this year at Ramsgate. When making the original proposal, the Ramsgate School kindly offered to act as hosts for this year, but in subsequent years the Schools will take the duty of entertaining in turns.
    In February a meeting was held, at which were decided the events, and also the number of boys to compose the teams. It was decided to limit the number of boys to twelve from each School. The events are to be as follows:—Running (hundred yards, quarter mile, mile, and team race), throwing the cricket ball, tug-of-war, and jumping (high and long jumps). In each event two representatives from each School will compete, except in the mile (three representatives from each School), the team race (teams of four), and the tug-of-war (teams of six).
    The method of scoring is to be five points for a first place; three for a second; and one for a third. The points are to be added, and the School which scores the highest aggregate will be the first recipient of the Championship Shield, which has been generously presented by the Chairman of the Kent Higher Education Sub-Committee, Mr. D'Avigdor Goldsmith.
    We hope that the representatives of the Dover County School will do their utmost to secure the Championship, and we feel confident that if they are not successful in their efforts they will take defeat like good sportsmen. In any case, whether we win or lose, we are sure that a highly interesting afternoon's sport may he looked forward to, and we take this opportunity of wishing our team the best of good fortune.

E. M.


If you're waking, call me early, call me early, Mother, dear,
For I must do some "swotting'' before the milkman's here,
And for my breakfast give me brain-food; perhaps a bloater I might try,
To augment my feeble efforts at the Oxford in July.

Last night I saw the pictures, at my favourite King's Hall,
I saw the Dark Blues lick the Light, then o'er the stretchers fall,
But no more I'll see the pictures, unless it's on the sly,
While I'm ''swotting'' for the Oxford (Junior Local) in July.

I was training for the "Sixes,'' bucking up like anything,
And in the ''Open Hundred '' I aspired to breast the string,
But to-day my pants are shiny, and the ink-well's running dry,
I must ''swot,'' and keep on ''swotting,'' or I'll catch it in July.

But there's hope for Mother's darling, for my busy little brain
Will absorb this dusty knowledge, and will part with it again,
When my nib jabs on the paper, and I catch the judge's eye
As he murmurs, "Honours-easy" at the Oxford in July.



    I have in my possession a box in which I keep what I call fossils, and that everyone else calls rubbish. The search for these queer objects is more exciting than the displaying of them to my friends. I found most of my "fossils" on the cliffs near the Warren, the muddiest places containing the richest treasure. The circumstances under which they are found are most trying. The sea and mud "swamps" one's boots, making their appearance the reverse of pretty, but who cares for footwear or comfort when ''fossils" are ''in the air''? In my last hunt, after fighting against terrible odds, and removing half the cliff, more or less, I at last found some ''fossils.'' During the search intense excitement prevailed. Everything that I knew definitely could not by any chance be a blade of grass I pounced upon, and, after anxious investigation, added it to my collection, only to find on my returning home that this would—be antiquity was nothing but that which no one in Dover knows anything about merely a lump of mud! However, although fossil hunting is often disappointing and dirty, it is "always merry and bright."



    It is eight o'clock on a September morning. As we stand waiting for our departure on Old Swan Pier, it occurs to us that we might well have chosen a better day for our excursion, for the fog, which has been slowly getting denser, now scarcely enables us to see the opposite bank. This fog, which has a singularly brown colour, is seldom seen outside London, and is there qualified by the rather ambiguous adjective, "pea-soup."
    Well, we are at last "under way,'' and our motor boat, the "Curlew,'' is being steered from the Pier towards a maze of lighters. Immediately below us on the river is London Bridge, so that we shall not expect to see any large vessels. Having now passed the lighters and Southwark Bridge, the fog clears, and we get a sight of the dome of St. Paul's Cathedral. It is, however, not a very imposing sight, presenting tot a dingy spectacle as it is dimly seen through the fog.
    We have now passed under Blackfriars Bridge, and the Victoria Embankment stretches for a considerable distance on our right. Although there is but little in this part of the Thames to interest us on its banks, the shipping is interesting enough amply to recompense for this. At first we notice a river tug towing a long string of lighters, and making a deal of fuss over it. A small steamer is coming up the river towards it. The skipper of the tug pulls his whistle-string twice, and the steersman of the other craft knows by this that the two vessels will pass by, each steering to the starboard. If only one whistle had been sounded, they would have passed by steering to port. The next thing that appeals to our notice is a large lighter being rowed by a comparatively diminutive man; who uses only one oar for the process. The efficient manner in which these lightermen are able safely to guide their charges through the congested traffic of the Thames needs seeing to be believed. In many cases the men are apparently incapable of moving their clumsy craft by pulling on the oar or oars.
    By this time we come into sight of the Houses of Parliament, and by the fact that the Royal Standard is flying from the House of Lords, we know that Parliament will sit to-day. Big Ben is just striking nine. No better spectacle is visible from London river than the Palace of Westminster. The majestic pile is seen at its best from the Thames. Whilst the House is sitting the river front is guarded by the Police.
    These policemen are not by any means synonymous with the ordinary policemen with which we are acquainted. They are employed solely for purposes connected with the river. The river firemen are a similar body of men in this respect.
    For some distance beyond this we pass through a number of dreary reaches, on the banks of which we see nothing more interesting than a forest of chimneys and a monotonous series of factories of various descriptions.
    The next place which comes before our notice is Battersea Park, which is on our left as we go up the river. We soon come to Putney Bridge, between which place and Mortlake the Varsity Boat Race is annually rowed. At Putney a great many of the skiffs and wager-boats which are used on the Thames are built. A wager-boat is a very long and narrow skiff, which is made to accommodate one man.
    As we continue our journey we pass beneath Hammersmith Bridge and Barnes Railway Bridge, the surrounding country becoming more and more open. Kew Gardens are soon passed on our left, and Eel Pie Island comes into sight. This is a narrow island stretching for some distance near to the northern bank. It is covered with trees, and possesses a singular aspect, standing as it does in so unexpected a position. We have by now arrived at our destination, namely, Brentford, and disembark with the satisfaction of having spent a very enjoyable morning.



    The above party was held at the Junior School, Priory Hill, on Wednesday, February 12th 1913. The large Schoolroom presented a very pretty appearance, the walls being covered with flags, arranged by Mr. James and some of the School Scouts. A very pleasant evening was spent with games, music, and singing, besides an entertainment given by Mr. Ray Lawes, the conjurer. The first event was very enjoyable. A nigger troupe, under the direction of Mr. Darby and Miss McNeille, made its appearance on the stage, and sang some very pretty songs, to the accompaniment of the piano. The order of the programme for this event was as follows:—"Alexander's Rag-time Band" (Ward), "Hitchy Koo" (Ayling), "Christmas Roses" (Dewell), violin solo (Morford), "When Father laid the Carpet on the Stairs" (Beanfoy), and "Good-night" (Bourdeaux). After the songs came a sketch, given by the boys of Form III which though comical, was very interesting. At the close of this sketch Mr. Whitehouse made a short speech, and then presented to Mr. Darby and Miss McNeille two very handsome bouquets, which were in the form of large cabbages. This presentation caused considerable merriment. Then refreshments were served, which were welcomed and appreciated by the boys. Miss Ellis carried out these arrangements in a manner which was in every way satisfactory. After refreshments had been taken, the Boy Scouts gave an interesting demonstration of knot tying, which consisted of boys being tied together with cord, and those who were successful in releasing themselves first were proclaimed the winners. Then prizes for this were presented by Miss Ellis, who said that they were very valuable, but when the parcels were opened, to the boys surprise, they contained nothing but slices of cake! After this there were some games, in which everybody joined heartily. At the end of the evening there was another great surprise in store for the boys, the conjurer, Mr. Ray Lawes, having been engaged to perform some tricks. All the boys were immensely interested in this conjuring, and at half-past nine they prepared to go home, after having spent a very exciting and enjoyable evening.

S. S. DAY.


    In the days whereof I write the land was divided into Six Holds, which made war one with another.
    And the men of tile Fourth Hold vaunted themselves, saying, "We will go forth against the warriors of the Sixth and smite them, and they shall flee before us. Then will we take their castle and bottle them up within the interior receptacles thereof." So it came to pass on a day that those of the Fourth arose in their might and laid siege to the Sixth Hold. in which were but few men. And behold, the fight waxed hot, and the Sixth Hold was like to be taken, though the defenders fought right valiantly.
    Then came news of the fight unto the ears of the Chief of the Sixth, a mighty man of valour, yclept Ferre, who straightway gathered his forces about him and ran unto the assault. And there were with him that day King Hos, D'Enhamp, Priere, and many others. The meeting of their armies was like unto a clap of thunder and the strife waxed hotter still and louder grew the din. The tide of battle wavered, whilst first one and then the other side prevailed.
    But the defenders were driven back, for the men of the Fourth were like the sands of the sea-shore, without number, and their chiefs Le Gris and D'Enrig led them on. So they gained at last the main stairway of the Sixth Hold, where many deeds of valour were performed, till suddenly the men of the Sixth made a great charge, and the attackers gave way before them. The defenders smote them hard and put half of them to flight, when there entered upon the scene one high in authority in the Land who cried "Let this tumult cease, or else shall ye all be scourged and lose conduct marks!"
    Thus ended this great battle, in memory whereof the place is called "Ye Welle" unto this day. And after the men of the Sixth Hold did collect the spoils of victory, yclept collars and ties, and did return them to the men of the Fourth. Then there was proclaimed a truce in the land.



    One afternoon a friend of mine asked me if I would like to go on board the "Victory."
    The day was typical of November, i.e., a gale of wind, and torrents of rain but in half an hour I was on hoard, feeling, I admit, rather shaky. First we had to sign our names in the visitors' book, which was a ponderous volume. Then we had to find a guide. This done, he commenced to show us round.
    He led us first to the spot where Nelson was mortally wounded at Trafalgar, and then to the place where he died. A laurel wreath is placed on the spot once a year on the 21st of October, in memory of the hero. From here he took us to the State Barge of George III., which conveyed Nelson's body from Greenwich to Whitehall. We were now taken to the third deck, where operations to the wounded were carried out, and where the officers cabins, which greatly resemble cells, are. Saying that this was the last he had to show us, he began explaining the work of the guns, and after getting the Captain's permission he fixed a blank charge in place and directed me to pull a string with a handle fixed to its extremity. I did, and there was a terrific bang, which rang in my ears for hours afterwards, and which, I thought a fitting finish to my afternoon.

J. S.


The Magazine of the Hamilton (Ontario) Collegiate Institute.

    The following show how fond of Football Shakespeare was:—
"Down! Down!"—Henry V.
"Well placed"—Henry V.
"An excellent pass"—Tempest.
"A touch, a touch, I do confess"—Hamlet.
"I do commend you to their backs"—Macbeth.
"Pell men, down with them!"—Loves Labour Lost.
"More rushes, more rushes!"—Henry IV.
''This shouldering of each other"—Henry VI.
"Being down, I have the placing"—Cymbeline.
"Let him not pass, but kill him rather"—Othello.
"'Tis sport to maul a runner"—Antony and Cleopatra.
"I'll crack it ere it comes to ground"—Macbeth.
"We must have bloody noses and cracked crowns"'—Henry IV.
"Worthy sir, thou bleedest; thy exercise has been too violent"—Coriolanus.
"It's the first time that ever I heard breaking of ribs was sport"—As you like it.



    This "voyage" was from the Admiralty to the Prince of Wales' Pier. It was on the 18th February in this year of Grace, 1913, that a party composed of the 5th and 6th Forms made its way along the Admiralty Pier. It was blowing "great guns," and thus the sea was very rough. The "Engadine's" decks were wet, and some of the passengers suffered from mal-de-mer.
    Many of us wished that one of our party would suffer from this evil, but the wish was not gratified.
    After the ship's papers had been landed, the passengers disembarked. We then went on board. After having had a peep at the Captains cabin, we went aft to watch the luggage landed. But we soon fled hack to shelter, for the wind was cold. Some of us found our way to the saloons; this being wise. When thou goest down to the sea in a ship, do ye it also.
    But now came the part we most liked. This was visit to the engine room. It was an oblong room, stuffy, and smelling of oil. The floor was of steel for about half way along. At one end of this upper part of the room there were two dynamos and an electric control board. A steel ladder led down to the bowels of the ship from the other end of the floor.
    A word about ascending and descending ship's ladders, Ascend face first and descend back first. Much confusion was caused by persons not observing this rule.
    At the bottom of the ladder we saw the officer in charge of the engines, and his assistant. Before them was the usual apparatus for communicating with the bridge and for controlling the engines. Greasers hurried to and fro. Our party was a crowd to get in the engine room, especially as some did not want to move and seemed to find the ladder the only place to lean against or to stay at. The place was a maze of machinery, but most of this was covered over. One had not where to lay ones foot. This was inconvenient, more so if one had an overcoat on. We looked at the engines until Captain Hancock rang: "Finished with engines."
    Then Mr. Schofield conducted some of us to a stokehole. In Mr. Schofield's opinion, stoking is the hottest job on earth. We could quite agree. It was trouble enough so get to this stokehole. First up a steel ladder, then along a platform, through a narrow passage, along another platform and down a ladder into a heap of coal. It was hot. But worse was to come. Being informed that the fires were being drawn in a stokehole a little further on, Mr. Schofield and three of us went to this one. This was even hotter than the last. The steelwork was painful to the touch. Men with long bars of iron having a flattened hook at one end, raked the fires out. One man held a hose and cooled the cinders as they were raked out. There was only room for four on our platform, but the others did not know this. This was unfortunate, as it cut off our retreat. It took some time, therefore, to escape. By this time the "Engadine" was moored to the Prince of Wales' Pier. So we made our way to the upper-deck and landed. Many were glad to reach a place where there was indeed less terror and something firmer.



    How were pyramids built? Nobody knows for certain but it is almost sure that they were built as described by the following. When the first stones had been fixed in their place, a bank was made up to the top, gradually sloping to the level of the ground. Up this slope the next great stones were dragged, and as the pyramid rose, the sloping way rose too, until it became a wonderful road for thousands of slaves to walk upon, dragging the granite behind them. By the time the pyramid was finished, this roadway must have been some miles long, and it had, of course, to be removed before the great monument could be seen, as it is seen to-day.



    In old Egypt, there was no paper for the people to use, so they wrote on bricks or on the dried bark of the papyrus plant, which grows by the sea, and has a long slender stalk with a large bloom at the top. In writing on bricks, the people first marked on soft clay and then they baked the clay into a brick. The Rosetta Stone taught us to read the writings left behind by the Egyptians. On it a history was written in three different languages, one of them being Egyptian. Men knew the other two languages, so they were able to find out what the Egyptian writing meant. There are many strange Egyptian writings on Cleopatra's Needle on the Thames Embankment.



    A Passive Verb is when the subject is the sufferer, i.e., "I am loved."
    Tant de malheur—unhappy aunt.
    Aes triplex—a threepenny bit.
    Air is made up of oxygen and sanatogen.
    The mechanical advantage of a long pump handle is that you can have someone to help you.
    A night-watchman is a man employed to sleep in the open air.
    A centipede is a French measure of length.
    An armadillo is used to soften the "c" in French.
    A very fine cat is called Magnificat.


    A few weeks ago I walked with some of my friends to Sandgate and back. It is about eight and a half miles there, as the crow flies.
    We went straight along the Folkestone Road, and past the Royal Oak Inn. A little Way past the road which leads to Capel, we saw a house which had a seat in the garden. We went up to the door and asked if we might have our dinner on it, and the lady said we might.
    After we had had our dinner we went into Folkestone and fed the ducks at Radnor Park.
    Then we walked through Folkestone, and went upon the Leas, down the steps to the Parade, and then along the Sandgate Road, and rested on the beach there. After a short rest we walked home, and arrived in Dover at half past seven.



    Some people think that a coast-guard is a man dressed in a sailor suit who walks up and down the beach with a telescope under his arm, and nothing else to do. They are mistaken, for a coast-guard's duty is very important, and consists of much more work than is generally thought.
    The coast-guard is the first and most highly trained reserve force for the Navy in case of war.
    Some of the duties it performs around the coast of the United Kingdom are as follows:—
    Patrol and watch the coast in protection of the revenue; co-operate with officers of Customs, and act as such at certain places.
    Enforce quarantine laws and those relating to public health, especially at boarding stations.
    Patrol and watch the coast, to give notice of and assistance to vessels in distress, and wrecks.
    Protection of wrecked property.
    Prepare casualty reports for Board of Trade.
    Protection of, and duties connected with fisheries.
    Give assistance in measurement of fishing boats.
    Display notices of warning to fishermen that H.M. ships are carrying out night firing in the vicinity.
    Receive depositions made by persons who have sacrificed fishing gear in order to avoid damaging a submarine cable.
    Investigate claims for damage to fishing gear caused by H.M. ships.
    Take charge of life-saving apparatus at certain stations.
    Watch encroachments of foreshores, and report to Board of Trade.
    Bury carcases, and take charge and give information to police as to any human bodies washed up.
    Man signal stations during manoeuvres and in war time.
    Look out for signals from lighthouses about wrecks, and inform National Lifeboat authorities thereof.
    Assist in working lifeboats in cases where there are not enough civilians.
    Be prepared to act as pilots.
    Enforce bye-laws as to vessels carrying explosives.
    Stop introduction of arms, dynamite, etc., according to special orders.
    Boarding duties.
    Protection of wild birds.
    Give assistance in training Boy Scouts.
    The coast-guard is allowed a house in which to live with his wife and children.
    At each station there is a telephone for coastal communication.
    At all stations the day and night watches are equally divided amongst the crew, besides which certain drills have to be performed; rifle, pistol, signal and boat exercises.



    It is with the greatest pleasure that I recall the impressions of my first visit to Scotland.
    I was struck by the quiet, homely disposition of the people, and naturally I began to think I had come across some of the better class; but, throughout my short stay, I again and again found this to be genuine throughout all classes, with but few exceptions.
    I shall never forget the day which marked the commencement of my admiration for Scotland and its people, who are not to be considered ideal, but who act most kindly to all strangers.
    It was a splendid day in the middle of August when I and my friend left Glasgow for a trip up the Highlands.
    Although comparatively young at that time, the ship-building yards, then in full swing, the busy ports of Dumfries and Dumbarton, did not fail to impress on me the fact that Scotland not only surpassed England in natural beauty, but also that its industrial perseverance was in no way to be despised.
    Leaving the Clyde behind us, we passed on, and soon were winding our way in and out the many islands which deck the coast of Scotland.
    As the sun rose in the heavens, so the beautiful hue of the heather and the brilliant white of the snow-capped mountain tops became more and more entrancing [in August! --Ed.]
    I had not been watching these mountains, decked with white, long, before I espied a little Scottish home high up among the mountains, upon whose tiny windows the sun was shining as if in an ecstasy of joy.
    Then it dawned upon me how true a picture Sir Walter Scott had drawn in his tales, which before seemed to be so dull and unpicturesque.
    Although I felt I should like to join them in their little home among the mountains, away from the din and bustle of the town, yet I was interrupted in my reverie by a remark which informed me of our arrival at Inveraray, where we disembarked for a few hours.
    We examined, as far as possible, the old castle, and we were not a little interested in watching the peasants at work spinning, making nets or shawls, or busy in other household occupations.
    When asked the way to a certain place they are, not as people in the South are apt to think them, very obliging indeed, and if they cannot understand your meaning they will politely answer "A dunna ken."
    After a short stay here we made our way back to the steamer, and although the beauty of the mountains appealed to me in the early morning, yet, as the sun—a red ball of fire—sank to rest behind the mountains snow-capped, heather-clad, and the valleys swept with mist, a more impressive scene than I have ever before been permitted to behold, lay before me.
    By the time we returned to the Clyde it was quite dark, and here another scene met my eyes. The sparkling mountain-tops were here replaced by "Myriads of Topaz Lights," in and out of which our nimble little craft wound its way.
    I was heartily glad to get to bed that night, as the thronged streets of Glasgow and the thousands of dazzling lights made me so irritable after the quiet and beautiful scene which had a few hours before wrapped me in admiration.
    Ere I fell to sleep that night, I thought how proud England ought to be, not only of the Scotsman's valour, but of his country.



    During the last few weeks a series of very interesting lectures on Music have been delivered on alternate Saturday evenings in the Girls' County School.
    Being simple talks which everyone could understand, rather than technical lectures, they afforded the layman an excellent opportunity of becoming acquainted with some of the delights and mysteries of music. On each occasion the speaker was introduced by Mr. Whitehouse, who was present with Mrs. Whitehouse and several members of the Staff.
    " How to enjoy Music" was the subject on January 18th, when Dr. E. J. Bellerby explained to an appreciative audience the analogy of music with painting, poetry and architecture, enumerated some of the forms and constructions used, and showed how a knowledge of the more technical qualities much enhanced the enjoyment of music.
    The next two of the series were delivered by Mr. H. J. Taylor, the Borough Organist, and dealt with instruments of the Orchestra. The lecturer showed each instrument, giving a brief résumé of its history, and the uses to which it was put, and then had it played, in combination with others as well as by itself, in order that the audience might learn to recognise its peculiar timbre, and thus be able to distinguish it. The necessary illustrations were kindly furnished by members of the local orchestra.
    The last of the four lectures was given on March 1st, the speaker on this occasion being Dr. Charlton Palmer, whose interesting and amusing account of some of the absurdities of music and musical people, was unfortunately brought to an abrupt conclusion on account of the necessity of his catching an early train.
    These lectures were attended by parties from other Schools, and were very much appreciated. It is to be hoped that a similar series will be arranged for next winter.



(Replies can be given here only on Subjects of general interest.)
    PARISIEN.—Your scheme for making all verbs in French third singular present indicative has already been tried in Form—. It met with somewhat prejudiced opposition, and, we understand, was dropped for an indefinite period. Your idea of making all the accents on the same page lean the same way has our full sympathy.
    DISAPPOINTED.—The International Domino Champion ship was not decided in 1909. The final tie (Fiji v. Nairobi) ended abruptly owing to an accident to one of the contesting parties, as the result of a dispute over a double nine.
    MINIMUM.—You have right on your side; conversation should be counted as full lines.
    SPORT.—Yes; they make a point of playing three men short; it gives a good excuse in case of defeat.
    CONSTANT READER.—The Boy Scout movement now provides courses and badges in all subjects except French polishing and sand dancing.
    AQUARIA.—In buying gold-fish, avoid the sported ones, as their colour is rarely fast. Should you notice one of your pets doing deep breathing exercises on the surface of the water, attach a small stone to the tail by means of thread and you will have no further trouble.
    WOAD.—The No. 1 ancient British chariot, complete with sickles and driver, was probably much inferior to a modern motor car as an instrument of destruction.


RECEIPTS £     d     PAYMENTS £ s. d.
Donations 1 1 0 Outstanding Balance from 1911 1 16 6
Sir W. H. Crundall  1 1 0 Tea for Visitors 5 0 0
Alderman Mowll 1 1 0 Prizes W. T. Ching's account  £2   11   0 
Councillor Burkett 1 1 0           S. Highley 2 5 0
Councillor Edward Chitty 1 1 0           C. Clout 2 0 6
Canon Bartram 1 1 0             F. A. Hird 0 9 3
Hugh Leney, Esq. 1 1 0           E. F. Bockham 0 7 0
H. F. Bourdeaux, Esq. 1 1 0 7 12 9
Miss Chapman and Girls' Staff 0 12 6 Printing—Grigg's Account 4 1 6
Alderman Lewis 0 10 6 Tramways Amount—Band to Ground 0 10 0
Councillor E. T. Farley 0 10 6 Billposting—Partington's Account 0 5 0
R. E. Knocker, Esq. 0 10 6 Turnpenny's Account 0 7 6
Rev. F. de W. Lushington 0 10 6 Postages 0 3
F. W. Prescott, Esq. 0 10 6 Engraving Challenge Cups 0 5 0
W. A. Cook, Esq. 0 10 6 Pistol and Cartridges 0 5 0
H. Longden, Esq. 0 10 0 Competitors' Cards 0 2 6
J. H. Back, Esq. 0 10 0 Tent Fixing (Labour only)—Birch's Account 0 7 6
Wm. Bradley, Esq. 0 10 0 Athletic Grounds Staff 1 1 0
J. Holman, Esq. 0 10 0 Policemen and Ticket Collectors 0 12 0
A. J. Davis, Esq. 0 10 0 Sundries 0 11 11
P. Lyons, Esq. 0 10 0 Balance 3 10
Councillor Appleton 0 10 0
A. West, Esq. 0 10 0
Mrs. Hosking 0 10 0
G. T. Farley, Esq. 0 10 0
Other Subscribers, as in "The Pharos" and Programme of Sports 6 18 6
Competitor& Fees 3 10 9
 £26   11   9   £26   11   9 

F. WHITEHOUSE, President,

R. S. STANDRING, Secretary.