No. 50. DECEMBER, 1925. VOL. XV.

FIAT LUX.

Contents

Notices   Merit List
Headmaster's notes   Ye Chronicle
A Message to Our Readers   With the Cadets in Camp, Sandwich Bay, August, 1925
Editorial   Hobbies
Gleams and Flashes   The Bulb Fields of Holland
Examination Successes   Some Indian Sports
Parents' Association   Nature's Fog Horns
Old Boys' Association Notes   The Torchlight Tattoo
Speech day, 1925   On a Text-Book of Inorganic Chemistry
School Football   On Guard at Sandwich
Swimming Notes   It Cometh
Sports Account   Junior School Notes
Literary and Scientific Society   Camber Castle
1st Cadet Coy. C.P. (F.) R.E.   How to make a Moss Tree
House Notes   S
Valete   The British System of Buoyage

NOTICES.

The next number of The Pharos will appear about 27th March. Contributions must be submitted to the Editor not later than 8th March.

We acknowledge with thanks Ruym (Ramsgate County School), The Ashfordian, Beckenham County School for Girls' Magazine, The Magazine of the County School for Girls, Dover, The Beccehamian.

Copies of the current issue of The Pharos or of back numbers which are in stock may be obtained from the Editor, price 9d.

The Editor would be glad to have the names and addresses of Old Pharosians and others who would like to receive copies. The Pharos is now issued free to all members of the Old Boys' Association.

HEAD MASTER'S NOTES.

The Spring Term, 1926, will commence on Thursday, 14th January, and end on Wednesday, 31st March. Holders of season tickets are asked to see that their railway passes are made out to cover both these dates.

 

Staff.—My first duty is, on behalf of the School, to welcome Mr. Clayton and Mr. Liddle as members of the Staff, and to wish them a long and happy stay. Mr. Clayton is not only expert in Educational Handicraft, for which he holds high certificates, but his war service in the Royal Horse Guards and as Lieutenant in the Machine Gun Corps must have given him an outlook and a training of peculiar value for his profession. Mr. Liddle brings with him his training as a schoolmaster and his experience as "Assistant" at La Rochelle, and an Honours Degree (French) of London University.

 

Prize Giving.—Our School Prize Giving was an unprecedented success. The address of Sir Arthur Steel-Maitland was highly amusing, full of good sense, and greatly appreciated by the audience. It was a real encouragement to hear from Sir Arthur in the course of conversation, how necessary it was for the largest possible number of boys to have the opportunities of studying things beautiful in nature, in science, and in literature. He expressed the hope that even greater numbers of parents would secure these advantages for the coming generation. The entertainment was unusually first-rate in every particular, and we offer our grateful thanks once again to Miss Rookwood, Mr. Willis and Mr. Watt for their energy, initiative and skill in producing so varied and so instructive a programme. How strange it was to look at and listen to a play written by one to whom our Island was a mere name, if even that, and to laugh heartily at jokes more than 2,300 years old. We do not flatter ourselves that we understood all the dramatist meant, nor do we wonder that Aristophanes carried off in triumph the "first prize." We enjoyed the deft and felicitous translation by Professor Gilbert Murray, and although he was occasionally baffled, perhaps, in the attempt to find an English word or phrase to do full justice to the corresponding Greek, yet his version adds much to our comprehension and enjoyment. We realised the gaiety and the mirth of that wonderful day in 405 B.C., when first the Frogs croaked and sang in the Athenian Theatre. The play went with a swing and a gusto which reflected the utmost credit both on the performers and the producers. The prompter alone remained mute. We hope that the School will be encouraged by this success to turn its attention and talent often to the masterpieces of classical drama.

Our especial thanks are due to the Right Worshipful the Mayor of Dover, W. H. East, Esq., and the Mayoress for their attendance at the Prize Giving, and for their gift of a sports trophy—a very practical way of demonstrating their belief that in the higher education of boys the motto must be, "Mens sana in corpore sana." A football competition has been arranged in connection therewith. The donors may be assured of our sincere appreciation, and we hope that the Mayor will himself "kick off" when the final is played.

 

School Organ Fund.—It was a pleasant surprise for me to receive before breakfast on the Saturday morning immediately following the Prize Giving, an anonymous gift towards the Organ Fund. I have not officially launched the appeal as yet, but £1 donations have begun to come in, and I hope for 800 similar subscriptions, so that the Organ may be a lasting token from all connected with the School of their affection and interest. "Bis dat qui cito dat."

 

New School.—It does not appear likely that the proposed alterations in State contributions to education will delay our new School programme. Many modifications suggested by the School Governors have been embodied in the revised plans which are now before the Board of Education, and any day permission to go forward may be received. The County Architect, Major Robinson, F.R.I.B.A., has very kindly sent us an illustration of the front elevation facing Astor Avenue and a perspective view of the "layout." Efforts are being made to fix an approximate date for the laying of the foundation stone, but this is not yet possible. The School grounds, however, in Astor Avenue are being put into excellent order, and an assistant groundsman is being appointed. In this connection we must not forget the anonymous benefactor from whom we have received not only the Gymnasium Trust Fund—now approximately £800—but a ten-acre extension of the site. To him we owe warmest thanks for providing opportunities for outdoor recreation on playing fields larger and more beautiful than those of any other school in Kent. Ought we not to match his great generosity by building a fine organ in the Great Hall, where one day we shall pray and sing together?

 

Advanced Courses.—We are in the midst of our Oxford and Cambridge Joint Board (December) Examination, and I would like to urge on the candidates, as on the School generally, that it is becoming increasingly obvious that for all posts which hold any opportunity of advancement, post-matriculation work is a necessity. Boys who have left School recently tell us that the work done after the School Certificate Examination is most remunerative both financially and professionally. Sixth Form work is of immense value, not merely from the academic standpoint, but in the training of character, in developing powers of initiative and service, of leadership and vision-so important in later life. There is a growing tendency on the part of big business firms to prefer boys of the age of 18, because when staying on at school a boy is likely to be given a post of responsibility in which he learns to control others; in fact, the last year, 17-18, may well be the most valuable period in the boy's school career. The need for a better educated personnel in business organisation is illustrated by the recently inaugurated scheme of Messrs. Lewis and Co., of Liverpool, Manchester and Birmingham, for training University men so as to secure graduates for their more important positions. Recent addresses of such men as Sir William Ellis (President of the Institution of Civil Engineers), Sir Felix Pole (General Manager of the Great Western Railway), all point in the same direction, namely, that an advanced course -of study is essential for those who will ultimately undertake duties of a managerial nature. Indeed, Sir Felix voices a general complaint that for higher positions in Industry and Commerce there is a dearth of capable men. Once more this is emphasised in the regulations governing scholarships for training surveyors. An examination is to be held by the Surveyors' Institution on 26th January next, for the award of two scholarships at £80 and two at £50 each, tenable for three years at a University which provides suitable courses for training surveyors; candidates are required to write an essay and to offer languages or Mathematics and Science. And this is the point—the standard of attainment is that of the Higher Certificate of the Oxford and Cambridge Joint Board. In Industry, too, the same thing occurs. Messrs. Norton and Gregory, Ltd., the great engineers, offer two scholarships, one of £100 and one of £50, to be awarded next March, but the standard is again that of the Oxford and Cambridge Board Higher Certificate in English, Mathematics, Mechanics and Physics. I know examinations are a bugbear; but that they are becoming increasingly important is illustrated by the recent regulations from the Royal Institute of British Architects. Formerly a head master's certificate was accepted for the registration of a probationer architect; from October next no one will be registered unless he or she has passed one of the recognised examinations, and the School Certificate of the Oxford and Cambridge Joint Board provides this opportunity. Our Advanced Course in Science should be shortly followed by a corresponding Course in Modern Studies, and we shall be proud to present our proposals for two Advanced Courses next year, and thus to step into the very front rank of Public Secondary Schools. But the School's best service is not merely to develop business aptitude, but to elevate the whole boy so that he may use his life nobly and enjoy it sanely, avoiding the shallow self-conceit of those who have but sipped the "little learning," and maintaining the School's traditional modesty of the truly learned.

 

School Numbers. I feel sure the School Governors are particularly glad that our numbers have gone beyond the 400 mark, and we hope for further advancement. Parents are realising how wise is the expenditure on the training of the child. The greater' the number of boys admitted therefore to "higher education," the greater will be the sum of the trained intelligence of this country and-to put it at its lowest—the greater is the chance of suitable employment.

 

Emigration.—I receive very glowing accounts of life and opportunities in Australia and New Zealand from F. J. Whitewood, J. Horrex, N. Farrell, A. Motley, and others engaged in colonial farming, and I should like to call attention to what is known as the Big Brother Movement, which places boys on Australian farms. The object of the movement is to eliminate, as far as possible, that feeling of anxiety which parents naturally have when boys propose to go to a distant country. No boy now need be friendless in Australia; a Big Brother will take direct and personal interest in him, and will be morally responsible for the boy's welfare. I shall be glad to supply explanatory pamphlets on this important scheme of emigration.

Not only do Australia and New Zealand offer great opportunities to farmers, but also to young engineers in consequence of the extensive development of railways, public works, mining and electric power supply—they are comparatively new countries where well qualified engineers are of prime importance.

F.W.

A MESSAGE TO OUR READERS.

On the occasion of the publication of the fiftieth number of The Pharos, the Editor has very kindly asked me, as first editor and founder, if I would care to send a greeting, and, perhaps, be a little reminiscent. With the first suggestion it is easy to comply, and I beg to offer to the Magazine, its Editor, and its readers, my good wishes for the future.

To be reminiscent is a more difficult business, for one reason .because memories don't return in orderly procession and with some regard to the proportion of things, but peer out of the mist in the oddest way. I can see, for instance, Bryson, on the football field, leading an attack, and Goodbun, the younger, being disconcerting to opposing backs. I can hear a small boy—now, it may be, directing affairs of some note—saying with an air of finality, "Il fait beau tom," as a statement of clear fact. No, I am not going to be helpful as a historian of the past of the D.C.S. But, seriously, Mr. Editor, I think the real difficulty is that the great catastrophe stands mountainous between us and those days; that the players were to play presently on other fields with a problematic umpire. They were good fellows, and though their deeds may lack a chronicler we know they were well done. This might become a little gloomy, though "vixere fortes ante Agamemnona multi" does no harm in the recalling; and I conclude with one other real difficulty that is the staggering size of your circulation. I was never able to think in large numbers, and to one who had to do, in the beginnings, with a school of fifty or so, figures like 381 and 410 are beyond realisation. It seems as if, while the earth and sea are to be filled with the labours of the D.c.S., Dover itself will soon' be dotted with its abandoned premises. May I conclude with repeated good wishes to the School past and present, with a more private greeting to those of pre-1914.

G. W. COOPLAND.

UNIVERSITY OF LIVERPOOL,

November, 1925.

EDITORIAL.

O if we draw a circle premature,

    Heedless of far gain,

Greedy for quick returns of profit, sure,

    Bad is our bargain!

This was the motto that appeared on the front page of The Pharos, Vol. 1., No. I, on its appearance at Christmas, 1908. Perhaps a few references to old times may be permitted when the on-coming of the Christmas season and the publication of our "Jubilee" number provide a coincidence of excuses.

Certainly the youthful Magazine produced no "quick returns of profit" in the financial sense, as it proceeded forthwith to pile up a particularly healthy debt-happy in providing excuses for many well-remembered efforts to extinguish it, among which a justly famous performance of the "Rivals" stands, perhaps, pre-eminent. Does not its record remain to this day, photographically set forth in the School Dining Hall?

Our first numbers, it is interesting to note, were the joint production of the boys and girls of the County School, circulating amongst the members of both sides of what was then a dual school.

We are privileged to print in this issue a message from Dr. Coopland, who edited The Pharos until he left us to take up the position he now holds of Professor of Mediaeval History at Liverpool University. Our Magazine owes to Dr. Coopland a great debt, which he has increased by his welcome contribution to these pages.

GLEAMS AND FLASHES.

A Happy Christmas to all our readers and a Prosperous New Year to them as individuals, and to all School and other Societies and Associations represented in our pages.

—:—

 

The amount contributed to the School Charity Funds this term, up to the end of November, amounted to £15 3s., including £4 19s. 3d. Armistice Day Collection.

 

—:—

 

For the School Year 1924-5, after paying for the upkeep of the School Cot at Dover Hospital (£25) and deducting £3 6s. 3d. for the "Poppy Fund," 1924, there remained for distribution £13 16s. 9d. Of this, £1 was sent to the Mayoress' Fund, £5 to the National Institute for the Blind, £1 to the Railway Benevolent Fund, £1 to the Hospital Wireless Fund, and £5 to Deal Hospital, leaving a balance of 16s. 9d.

 

—:—

 

We have it on the authority of a Junior School boy that the Gospel of St. Mark differs from the other Gospels, "because it starts without a beginning."

 

—:—

 

We thank all who have sent in contributions to this number and regret that so much material is crowded out through lack of space. The names of boys whose work is held over are too numerous to mention, but Forms IIIa (i.) and IVa. are worthy of special commendation for the large number and high quality of their attempts. Articles by S. Blaxland, A. W. Taylor and A. Voizey will, if possible, appear next term.

EXAMINATION SUCCESSES.

Oxford and Cambridge Joint Board Higher Certificate.—R. T. Dixon (Distinction in Geography), S. T. Newing (Distinction in Physics), H. B.Garland, H. J. Gray.

 

Oxford and Cambridge Joint Board School Certificate.—C. J. Grilli, L. C. J. Guy,* W. R. P. Horn, A. S. Lewis, W. B. Waterhouse, E. O. Woodland.

 

Boy Artificers—Royal Navy.—W. J. Baker, K. Harman.

 

Boy Mechanics—Royal Air Force.—D. Daly.

* Exemption from London Matric.

PARENTS' ASSOCIATION.

The social activities of the Winter Season were opened by a Dance, at the Town Hall, arranged by the Staff, Parents, Old Boys and Old Girls, on 3rd October. The attendance was not all that could be desired, but it was, without doubt, a really enjoyable affair from every other point of view.

The Head Master and Mrs. Whitehouse being "At Home" on the 14th October, to a record attendance of Parents, the Association was assured of an enthusiastic assembly for its Annual General Meeting.

Mr. C. S. Harris, Mr. F. Landrey, Mr. G. Sanders and Capt. G. R. Rowe were re-elected to the Executive Committee.

We appreciate the goodwill extended to the Association by the Head Master and the Staff, and the reference in the Head Master's Annual Report to the Association's work.

Speech Day was a brilliant success, from every point of view, and I venture to include the seating arrangements for the Parents.

The Whist Drive and Dance held on the 31st October was a well-attended function, which was very enjoyable.

The 5th December Whist Drive and Dance was deferred to admit of the Staff holding their Soiree, which was postponed from the 21st November. We hope it will be possible to hold the Whist Drive as an additional function in next year's half of the Winter Season.

The Executive Committee extend to Parents hearty greetings for Christmas and a Prosperous New Year; to the Boys, the hope that they will enjoy to the full the Christmas vacation, and that they will, as the New Year draws near, weave in their minds ambitions for their own personal achievements and a determination to work harmoniously with their fellow scholars in Form and on the Playing Fields, and to maintain with pride the honour and traditions of their School.

G.R.R.

OLD BOYS' ASSOCIATION NOTES.

All our events this term have proved successful, with the exception of the Old Boys' Dinner. Socially even this left nothing to be desired, but the number attending was discouragingly small; and once again we ask, "Why was this so?" Surely the price and place were right; and we had hoped this year that the hour and season were being arranged to suit the convenience of all. But alas! had it been a five-guinea function, held at the Antipodes at 2 a.m., we could reasonably have hoped for almost as good an attendance!

With a view to adjusting whatever is wrong with this event, the Secretary would greatly appreciate information from members, giving reasons for absence and suggestions for the future.

Are we charging enough? Is the season right? Shall ladies be invited? Above all, will you come next year?

The Association continues to grow in strength, but will present and recent Old Boys please note that we look to them more than ever to keep our numbers on the increase.

Fore! There lie in the fairway the Christmas Re-Union, on 28th December, several Dances in the New Year, and then the Annual General Meeting on 7th April. Book the date of this now, and let nothing usurp it. We want everyone present at this, as well as at our Annual Dinner. All else may come and pass away, but tradition must always stand by these, even as the School's traditions have stood by us. A complete list of O.B.A. members will appear in the next issue, together with the Association's balance sheet for the year ending 31st March.

C. W. Pelham writes from Lenham Sanatorium, where he expects to remain until February. We all send him our best wishes for his complete recovery.

Allan Motley, judging from some equestrian snapshots received from Australia, is going strong, in true Colonial style. We are glad to hear he still takes an interest in the School and the Pharos.

I take this opportunity of conveying to our members the best of good wishes for Christmas and the coming year.

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London Branch.

Our General Meeting was held late in August, and took the form of a trip up the River, when a most enjoyable day was spent between Kingston and Walton-an-Thames. Once again, unfortunately, attendance was rather disappointing, but what we lacked in numbers we made up in good spirits and enthusiasm (to say nothing of a gramophone and a ukulele!).

The business portion of the programme was transacted while the punt was moored to the bank under the shelter of a tree during a brief shower, just above Sunbury Locks. The reports of the Secretary and the Treasurer and the Accounts of the Association were read and passed (this being considered a much more satisfactory method of disposing of them than mere consignment to the waters—"chucked in the River," was, I think, the actual wording of the motion!); and the resignation of the Secretary was received with much regret.

The following officials and committee were then appointed:—

Hon. Secretary: Mr. E. W. Pudney.

Hon. Treasurer—Mr. N. Bordeaux.

Committee—Messrs. G. Austin, C. A. Hart and F. Bromley. The Secretary, however, at his own request, was appointed with the proviso that he would not be expected to take any active steps until the conclusion of his Final Examination in November. As a result, the Association has been in a state of suspended animation since August, and no further meetings have been held.

It is now hoped, however, to bring forward and carry out a scheme for re-organising and re-vivifying the Association, and, after being passed by the Committee, full details will be supplied to members. A programme of Social Events will be arranged, which, it is hoped, will be sufficiently attractive to overcome the unfortunate apathy with which a number of members seem to regard the Association's activities. The Annual Dinner will be held early in the New Year, when an opportunity will arise of discussing the future course of the Association.

The Secretary's address is London Central Y.M.C.A.. Great Russell Street, Tottenham Court Road, W.C. 1 ('Phone, Museum 4610), and all Old Boys coming to or near London are invited to get into touch with him immediately, and thus find friends in a City where they are most needed and yet most difficult to find.

E.W.P.

SPEECH DAY, 1925.

Our Annual Prize Distribution this year was notable ill that we had the honour of a visit from a member of His Majesty's Government, the Rt. Hon. Sir Arthur Steel-Maitland, Bart. M.P., Minister of Labour, who gave us a distinguished Speech Day address after Lady Steel-Maitland had presented the prizes.

The Town Hall seldom holds more people than assembled on 13th November, and it is becoming difficult to imagine how the accommodation problem will be met if the School grows much larger, with a corresponding increase in the demand for seats for boys and their parents. The arrangements for seating, as for several years past, were in the hands of the Committee of the Parents' Association, who dealt as adequately as possible with a problem to which there is obviously no absolutely satisfactory solution.

Canon Elnor, the Chairman of the Governors, who presided, referred, in his opening remarks, to the encouraging progress which is being made in the matter of the new school, the plans for which are in the hands of the Board of Education. If ever he wrote a book on the events of his years of office as Chairman, he would call it, he said, with apologies to a well-known writer, "Heroic, or Little by Little," because of the patience with which the School had been carried on under constant difficulties, soon, as all hoped, to be removed by occupation of the new buildings.

The Head Master preceded his annual report with a message of hearty welcome to our distinguished visitors. He then reviewed the School activities of the year ending last July, referring specially to some lack of keenness for sports and games, and suggesting that a measure of compulsion might be necessary in order to bring home to all boys that Wednesday afternoon is more fittingly spent at the playing fields than at the picture house. An appeal was made to parents to see that boys obtained sufficient sleep—especially in the period of "summer time"—and the report also made mention of next year's twenty-first anniversary of the opening of the School, and to the methods by which it was proposed to celebrate this occasion.

Lady Steel-Maitland then distributed the prizes, after which the Mayor of Dover proposed a vote of thanks to her. In the course of his speech he made the School an offer of a prize or trophy to be awarded at the discretion of the Head Master for the purpose of encouraging greater keenness in games. Alderman Barnes seconded the vote of thanks, which was carried with loud applause.

Lady Steel-Maitland, in replying, caused great laughter by a humorous reference to the time when she herself was awarded a second prize in a class where she was the only pupil. Her short but delightful speech was received with great enthusiasm.

Sir Arthur Steel-Maitland pleased and rewarded the boys who had not been successful in winning prizes with his fable 'of the little girl whose presence was so fatally betrayed to be hungry wolf by the clinking of tile medal for punctuality against the medal for industry. This narrative will, no doubt, be cherished by those who 'are addicted to neither of these virtue's.

Striking a more serious note, Sir Arthur referred to the value of classical and philosophical studies, even in business careers, and told of the surprise of an audience of Americans when he seriously asserted that much of his success in business had been due to his having learned logic and moral philosophy at Oxford. The trained mind that can apply itself to the facts of any situation is the chief requirement.

The speaker concluded a stimulating address by urging boys to take an interest in current problems in order to fit themselves to form an intelligent opinion on political questions. Whatever their ultimate decision might be, he was anxious that it should be based on accurate information and careful study, rather than on prejudice or a sloppy sentimentalism.

A vote of thanks to the Head Master and Staff, proposed by Mr. Tomlin and seconded by Mr. Pudney, concluded the formal portion of the proceedings, which was followed by the presentation of dramatic and musical items.

The Junior School boys did well in their sketch, "The Bookcase"—a well-constructed piece, with a useful moral, in that the book characters really came to life at the bidding of the Spirit of Knowledge. "Topsy" was the gem of the collection, but the whole performance reflected great credit on all who took part in its preparation and presentation.

The choral part of the programme consisted of a series of varied and well-chosen pieces. The most popular of these seemed to be the stirring chorus, "Hail, bright abode," from Wagner's "Tannhauser," though many delighted in the balance of tone and perfect harmony of the sextet from "Patience," whilst a few of the more musical considered Orlando Gibbons' "Silver Swan" to be the finest item. But there never will be, fortunately, any unanimity in musical preference; although we can all certainly agree that the lateness of the hour and the warm oppressive atmosphere militated against a performance of the music equal to that of the final rehearsals.

The School Dramatic Society elected to give us some scenes from Prof. Gilbert Murray's translation of "The Frogs" of Aristophanes. The result fully justified their ambition, in a performance at least equal to the best that have preceded it on similar occasions. If the prefect who took the part of Heracles is as effective on the middle corridor, the school discipline is in good hands. As for the frogs, it is credibly reported that their own mothers failed to recognise them-in fact, most of the actors sank their identities so well in their parts that the programme came in very useful. The exacting parts of Dionysus and Xanthias were well carried out-in fact, all concerned are to be congratulated on furnishing such a splendid finish to a memorable evening.


PRIZE LIST.
PARENTS' ASSOCIATION PRIZES.

JUNIOR GOOD FELLOWSHIP PRIZE.
W. E. Johnson

MERIT CARD PRIZES.
E. H. B. Martin (Senior School)

F. H. Peters (Senior School)

C. J. S. Mumford (Junior School)

GEOGRAPHY PRIZE.
R. T. Dixon

 

ART PRIZE.

A. S. Lewis

SPECIAL ENDEAVOUR PRIZES.
E. O. Woodland (Senior School)

W. A. Goldfinch (Senior School)

F. J. Tapley (Senior School)

G. N. Plews (Junior School)

SPECIAL PRIZES.
MAYOR'S GOOD FELLOWSHIP PRIZE.
S. T. Newing

THE CLATWORTHY LATIN PRIZES.
Senior—R. T. Dixon

Junior—W. T. Smithen

THE TUNNELL SENIOR HISTORY PRIZES.
Senior—H. B. Garland

Junior—R. J. Fox

 

STAFF PRIZES.
Senior School—F. G. Taylor

Junior School—L. W. T. Wilkinson

 

HEAD MASTER'S PRIZE.

H. J. Gray

 

 OLD BOYS' CADET PRIZE.
G. S. Peyton

FORM PRIZES.

Senior School—
Form Upper VI. W. J. F. Wellard, A. H. Leader

Form VI. Science. W. Y. Carpenter, D. G. A. Sanders, V. C. Sutton

Form V. Remove W. R. P. Horn.

Form V. Arts. C. G. Jarrett, E. L. Trist, L. J. Goodburn.

Form. V. Science. G. E. Fagg.

Form IVa. S. Dilnot, J. V. Horn, A. H. Cooke, R. J. Fox.

Form IVb. R. A. Newing, W. R. Newell.

Form IVc. L. S. Lester.

Form IIIa. M. Castle, A. W. Brooker, F. H. Peters, C. A. Mercer.

Form IIIb. E. A. Knowles, J. H. West, V. W. Bullen.

Form IIa(i). E. H. B. Martin, E. W. J. Moseling, R. A.Crofts, A. T. Bird.

Form IIa(ii). S. T. Claw, R. P. Kenton, J. H. Pittock, W. King.

Form IIb. V. G. Deverson.

 

Junior School—
Form Ia.C. J. S. Mumford, G. W. Sharp.

Form Ib. G. S. Foad, P. A. Marson.

Form Transition. G. S. Allen, F. V. Godfrey, F. L. Cockfield.

Form Preparatory. F. T. Meacock, F. A. Cockfield, G. D. Magub.




PRESENTATION CUPS.
TUNNELL MEMORIAL SPORTS CUP.
S. J. Nowers

CADET CORPS SECTION CUP. CADET CORPS SHOOTING CUP.
Section 3-Sergeant Smith C.Q.M.S. Sanders

"VICTOR LUDORUM" TROPHIES.
(presented by Old Boys' Association).
R. S. Cartwright G. S. Peyton

"ROBERT REEDER" TROPHY.
(presented by Capt. Reeder, R.E., "In Memoriam ").
G. T. Bayliss

HOUSE CHALLENGE SHIELD.
The" Country" House
(House .Master-Mr. W. W. Baxter)
(House Captain-H. J. Gray)

SWIMMING CHAMPIONSHIP CUP.
J. Bunyan
 

SCHOOL FOOTBALL.

Again, as last year, School Football has not attained a. very high standard. This is mainly due to the fact that there are, in all, not more than about thirty boys to select the teams from. If School Football is to reach the standard of that of three years ago, it is up to more of the senior boys to show more enthusiasm and to take a greater interest in the game than is being taken at present.

On the average, both School XI's are light and have thus been severely handicapped. The loss of Bowers, half-way through the term, greatly weakened the defence, although Tapley continues to play a very good game at left back. Generally, the half-backs have not given the forwards the necessary support, with the result that one or two of the forwards have to come back to get the ball, and thus spoil the forward line. As regards the forwards, on the whole, they have been too slow and must learn that "worrying" a goalkeeper who has the ball sometimes leads to a goal, or at least spoils his clearance. Harley has done some good individual work at inside-left, and has made many openings which the centre forward should have used with profit. Fry, at outside-left, has worked hard.

Probably the best game played so far was the home game with Ramsgate, when a great rally on the part of the School in the second half produced a draw.

A.C.Q.

RESULTS OF MATCHES.

1st XI.

Wed., 30th Sept., home, D.C.S. v. D.Y.R.M.S., lost, 2-10.
Wed., 7th Oct., away, D.C.S. v. Simon Langton School, lost, 0-9.
Sat., 10th Oct., away, D.C.S. v. Margate College, lost, 0-8.
Sat., 24th Oct., away, D.C.S. v. Harvey Grammar School, lost, 1-7.
Sat., 31st Oct., home, D.C.S. v. Wye College 2nd XI., won, 9-2.
Wed., 4th Nov., home, D.C.S. v. Chatham House, drawn, 2-2.
Sat., 14th Nov., away, D.C.S. v. Wye College 2nd XI., won, 11-0.
Wed., 18th Nov., home, D.C.S. v. Margate College, lost, 1-0.
Wed., 25th Nov., away, D.C.S. v. Chatham House, lost, 0-2.
Wed., 2nd Dec., away, D.C.S. v. D.Y.R.M.S., lost, 1-6.
Wed., 9th Dec., home, D.C.S. v. Harvey Grammar School, lost, 3-4.
2nd XI.
Wed., 30th Sept., away, D.C.S. v. D.Y.R.M.S., lost, 0-11.
Wed., 7th Oct., home, D.C.S. v. Simon Langton School, lost, 0-5.
Sat., 10th Oct., home, D.C.S. v. Margate College, lost, 2-6.
Sat., 24th Oct., home, D.C.S. v. Harvey Grammar School, lost, 2-7.
Wed., 4th Nov., away, D.C.S. v. Chatham House, lost, 1-2.
Wed., 18th Nov., away, D.C.S. v. Margate College, lost, 2-12.
Wed., 25th Nov., home, D.C.S. v. Chatham House, lost, 3-4.
Wed., 2nd Dec., home, D.C.S. v. D.Y.R.M.S., lost, 2-3.
Wed., 9th Dec., away, D.C.S. v. Harvey Grammar School, won, 4-3.

SWIMMING NOTES.

There has been an excellent attendance at the Baths for swimming practice during the past term, although, with the advent of colder weather, the numbers decreased somewhat. More members of the Club have been awarded certificates for passing the Royal Life-Saving Examinations, and it is especially gratifying to note that two of the junior boys were fully competent to take the Bronze Medallion examination, although debarred from so doing on account of age. These successes, and the increasing interest taken in swimming by the boys, are very encouraging, and I am sure everyone will join with me in thanking Mr. Constable most heartily for the care and attention which he devotes to this branch of school activities.

Since more points will be awarded for swimming in this coming year than heretofore. there is no doubt that the House Captains will take an even keener interest in this sport, and it is to be hoped that swimming will soon occupy its rightful place among school sports, and will be considered quite as important as cricket or football.

H. J. GRAY.

SPORTS ACCOUNT.

BALANCE SHEET to 8-12-25.

                    CREDIT.                                                   DEBIT.

                                                   £   s     d                                                        £   s     d

Profit on Fixture Cards        ..      0     1     2     Teas to visiting teams     ..        ..  10   2     2
O.B.A., and extra sales                                    Fares       ..     ..            ..        ..   1 15     5
of Pharos              ..          ..      3     0     5     Swimming a/c, per A.B.C.       ..   1   5     0
Subs. with arrears   ..          ..    52     3     0     Secretary's a/c ..            ..        ..   0   6     0
Mr. Stokes             ..          ..      1     0     0     Dawson's ..     ..            ..        ..   0   3    10
Mr. Stanway          ..          ..      1     0     0     Royal Life Saving Society
Parents' Assn. for medals    ..      4     4     0     - Subscription  ..            ..        ..   0 10     6
Cash in hand, 16/7/25         ..      5     1   8½     Dovorian Coaches         ..        ..   9   0     0
Cash at Bank,        ..          ..      2    14     5     Gunn      ..     ..            ..        ..  13 11     9
                                                                      Grigg       ..     ..            ..        ..  20   0     0
                                                                      Hire of Baths ..            ..        ..   1   1     0
                                                                      Cheque book and stamps         ..   0   3     0
                                                                      8/12/25 - Cash in hand   ..        ..   3   0   4½
                                                                      8/12/25 - Cash at Bank  ..        ..   8   5     8

                                            ----- --------                                                          ---- ----------
                                             £69     4   8½                                                     £69   4   8½
                                            ----- --------                                                          ---- ----------

 

Outstanding a/cs. about £35.

 

Audited and found correct,                               W. WILTON BAXTER,

                                      W. H. DARBY.                             Hon. Treas.

LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY.

The first meeting of the term was held on 9th October; it took the form of a general debate upon the motion: 'That the reading matter of the younger members of the School should be regulated by their seniors." The motion was proposed by Carpenter and seconded by Sargeant. These deplored the popularity of the "blood-and-thunder" story, and its degrading influence upon the younger boys, who were gently and almost imperceptibly pushed down the primrose path of petty mischief. As a substitute they suggested that the frequently abused school library should provide standard works to be digested under -compulsion.

The opposers, Newing and Garland, found, on the other hand, that, far from being a thing to be avoided, the "blood and-thunder" story, which had been subjected to such calumny, was in reality a stimulating mental tonic, combining logical deductions with exciting adventures. When the debate was thrown open quite a large number of members made contributions to the discussion, which was briskly maintained. A vote was taken, resulting:-For the motion, 6; against, 21. Mr. Darby (the chairman) closed the meeting with a speech citing humorous examples of the "blood-and-thunder " story from his own reading.

On 23rd October, Mr. Pearce delivered a lantern lecture dealing with the London General Omnibus Company. In the course of his lecture, Mr. Pearce described the evolution of the motor bus, dwelling upon the numerous improvements that had been made. The Company rendered valuable transport service during the late war, both in London and upon the Western Front. The conditions under which the staff work seem to be very congenial, as every attention is paid to their welfare. The motor bus has proved of great utility and has played an important part in the urbanisation of the outlying districts of London.

On 6th November the members of the Dramatic Society presented the "Frogs" of Aristophanes, in the School Hall. The humour of the play was not lost upon a large audience, who thoroughly appreciated it. In acting, Sanders possibly displayed the best talent.

On 27th November, with Mr. Froude in the chair, Horn and Smithen, of VA., read two short papers. The title of Horn's talk was "Roads and Roadmaking," and as the chairman subsequently remarked, it served to show how interesting a simple thing can be made. He dealt with the principles underlying road construction, quoting as examples of various types of road surfaces, several Dover thoroughfares. Smithen dealt with the improvements that had been made in the extraction of the metal copper from the ores. He explained several points of interest with regard to the disposition, character and constitution of copper-bearing ores, and the various alloys which copper forms with other elements.

In a brief speech at the end of the meeting, the chairman gave some useful advice in the art of platform speaking; he emphasised the need of clear articulation to really good speaking.

S. T. NEWING, Hon. Sec.

1st CADET COMPANY C.P. (F.) R.E.

This term the activities of the Corps have been few, for preparations for Speech Day and, later, the dark evenings have allowed opportunity for only one Company Parade.

Quite the most important parade of the term was the one held on 7th October with the purpose of visiting the Military Tattoo at the British Empire Exhibition at Wembley. An account of this appears elsewhere.

In spite of the inevitable absence of some of the N.C.O.'s who play in the School Football XI's, a Field Day was held on 21st November, in the neighbourhood of St. Radigund's Abbey.

The Drill Hall at Northampton Street having kindly been placed at our disposal on Wednesday afternoons, Musketry Parades have been held, and the first of a series of "spoon shoots" is in progress.

We congratulate Lieuts. Blackford and Scarlett on receiving, from the Lord Lieutenant of the County, their Commissions as Cadet Officers.

The following promotions have taken place during the term:No. 12 Corporal Jarrett to Sergeant.
No. 56 Cadet Geddes to Lance-Corporal.
No. 33 Cadet Taylor to Lance-Corporal.
No. 70 Cadet Sharpe to Lance-Corporal.

D.G,A.S.


 

BALANCE SHEET.

                    RECEIPTS.                                               EXPENDITURE.

                                                £ s. d.                                                          £ s. d.

Balance in hand      ..            ..   0 7    5     Messrs. Hobson and Sons
Balance from Camp a/c         ..            5 12 10    Ltd    ..        ..            ..                 1 7 6
Sale of Uniform,     ..            .,.           0 18 8   General Expenses          ..                 2 3 11
                                                                      Balance           ..            ..                 3 7 6

                                                          ----------                                                       ----------
                                                          £6 18 11                                                      £6 17 11
                                                          ----------                                                       ----------


Outstanding a/cs. about £35.

 

Audited and found correct,                               W. WILTON BAXTER,

                                      W. H. DARBY.                             Hon. Treas.

HOUSE NOTES.
Buckland House.

We were sorry to lose our captain, Sutton, at the end of last term, after he had filled the post for only a short time, and we wish him success in his future career.

The 1st XI. has failed to win either of the matches it has played this term. The chief weakness of the team is the lack of size and weight, owing to the shortage of Dark Blues in the Upper Forms of the School. Some of the players, however, promise well, and the team is keen. The 2nd XI. has been more successful, for, although it lost the first match of the season against the Greens, partly owing to several players being laid up with colds, it gained a comfortable victory over the Maxton House 2nd XI.

The number of Dark Blues in the lower part of the School is large, and they are keen, so that the future of the House looks more rosy than the present. Of the smaller number of Dark Blues in the Upper School, most are enthusiastic and play for the House, but there are others whom we should like to see turn out and play when called upon.

E.M.S.

---

Country House.

 

For the sixth year in succession, the Country House has headed the House Championship. We were successful in winning all our cricket matches last term, with the exception of the return match with the Town House, thanks to the excellent performances of Bowers, Green and Stanway.

As regards the present year, we have made an excellent start, in that we have easily beaten the Light Blues -and the Dark Blues, both in the 1st XI. and in the 2nd XI. matches. The games with Maxton House are, however, still to be played. In the 1st XI., Hunt has shone repeatedly, and many goals have resulted from his excellent passing and shooting. In the 2nd XI., Sharpe, Clements and Scott have all played well, and have been instrumental in obtaining most of the goals, but the strength of the team lies in the half-back line.

We are unfortunate in losing Bowers this term. He has done some excellent work for the House, both at football and at cricket, during his school career; and I am sure he takes with him the best wishes of all members of the House.

H.J.G.


---

Maxton House.

 

So far this season, both football XI's have played welt although the 2nd XI. has caused some anxiety. Baker, Salmon and Profitt of the 2nd XI. deserve special mention for their play, especially the last-named, who, despite his smallness, has shown the makings of a very good footballer. The 1st XI. has played well, the outstanding forwards being Harley, Betts and Trott, the latter showing great ability to score goals with parts of his body other than his feet. There is only one more House match to be played this term, and that is being looked forward to.

In conclusion, I should like to wish all success, in his future career, to R. T. Dixon, our late House Captain.

A.C.Q.

 

----

Town House.

 

It is most pleasing to see that during the year 1924-25 we have advanced from bottom place to second, and that the actual number of points gained has been improved. Except on Sports Day, we gained more points in every department, but here. in an evenly contested series of events, we lost the place which we have held for two years. Our satisfactory position is due, to a large extent, to the good form shown by the cricket eleven: the results just sufficed to place us above Maxton. Having been beaten by Maxton and Country, the remaining four matches were won; the second game with Country was most exciting; we won a fluctuating game by 14 runs. Owing to the unexpected collapse of Maxton against some good bowling by Hicks and Tapley, we were successful by 27 runs. Buckland put up a good fight in the first match, but the return game was not so even. Fry has greatly improved in batting, while Tapley's excellent all-round form was a pleasing feature of an enjoyable season.

We were sorry to lose Wellard and Grilli, who had rendered very good service to the House for several seasons; while we must congratulate Hicks upon gaining his School Colours-a well deserved honour.

The football season has not opened well for us ; we have lost four matches. In the 1st XI. the weakness would seem to lie in the half-back line; we seem to have a surplus of backs and goalkeepers in the team, The 2nd XI. has been beaten chiefly owing to lack of players of average size; time should remedy that defect. However, it is gratifying to note that seven members of the House are occupying places in the School elevens.

S.T.N.

House Matches.

Sat., 26th Sept.-

1st XI.'s                          Maxton 7. Town 3.

Country 11. Buckland 0.

2nd XI.'s                         Maxton 8. Town 1.

Country 7, Buckland 0.

 

Wed., 14th Oct.-

1st XI.'s       Country 4, Town 1.

Maxton 20, Buckland 3.

2nd XI.'s                                            Country 9, Town 1.

Buckland 7, Maxton 0.


Final House Positions, 1924-25.


Points.

                                                                                         Swim-          Cross

House. Football. Sports. Cricket. ming. Country. Total.
1.Country.        31.25             26.94             41.67                16.67           14.86           131.39
2.Town.            14.58             23.61             33.33                16.67           9.42             97.61
3.Maxton.         29.17             30.00             25.00                4.16             6.76             95.09
4.Buckland.       25.00             19.45             -                       12.50           8.96             65.91

VALETE.

H. J. GRAY.-School Prefect; School 2nd XI. Cricket and Football, 1925; Captain, Country House.
J. C. BOWERS.-School Prefect; Captain, School 1st XI., Football, 1925, Colours, 1923-4-5; School 1st XI. Cricket, 1925; Vice-Captain, Country House.
V. C. SUTTON.-School Prefect; School 1st XI. Cricket, 1925; Captain, Buckland House; Sergeant, Cadet Corps.
R. S. CARTWRIGHT.-Country House 1st XI. Cricket and 2nd XI., Football; "Victor Ludorum," 1925.
K. P. HARMAN.-Corporal, Cadet Corps; Dramatic Society.
W. J. BAKER.-Buckland House 2nd XI. Football.
L. SHARPE.-School 2nd XI. Cricket, 1925; Country House 2nd XI. Football; Lance-Corporal, Cadet Corps.
F. J. CADMAN.-School 2nd XI. Cricket, 1925; Maxton House 1st XI. Football and Cricket.
D. H. WOOLDRIDGE.-Town House 2nd XI. Football.
F. M. NEWMAN D. B. WADE D. A. NEWMAN A. W. TURNILL R. L. STOCKWELL T. J. MCCRODDAN R. J. BERRY
 

MERIT LIST.

Form Va.-Dilnot (3), Horn (2), Fox, Relf.
    "    IVa.-Castle (2), Peters, Brooker.
    "    IIIa. (i)-Moseling (3), Martin (3), Crofts (2), Bird (2), Goodridge (2), Tombleson, Sparham. Teasdale.
    "    IIIa. (ii)-CastIe (2), Pittock (2), Jones.
    "    IIIc.-Foad (3), Maher (3), Kenton (3), Youden (2), Hayward, Landrey, Deverson, Caspall, Goldfinch, Clark, Anderson.
    "    IIa.-Bussey (3), Thompson (3), Cooke (3), Newman (3). Ware (3), Kemp (3), Harrison (3), G. W. Sharp (3), Mumford (3), Claw (3), White (2), Bingham (2), Bowden (2), Salmon, Kenton, Kalfuss, Callanan.
    "    IIb.-Fox (2), Gutsell, Boorn, Marson.
Junior School.
Form Ia.-Eade (3), Johnson (3), Harrow (3), MerrifIeld (3), Hogben (3), Ravensdale (3), Sharp (3), Mainwood (3), Southey (3), Smithen (3), Capelli (2), Sutton (2), Allen (2), Dewar (2), Newman (2), Profitt, Simmonds, Townsend.
    "    Ib.-Atkins (2), Hampshire, Tyrell.
    "    Upper Trans.-Milne (3), G. Bailey (3), Abbott (3), White (2), Young (2).
    "    Lower Trans.-Ewell (2).
    "    Prep.-Tregilgas (3), Slator (2), Miller.

YE CHRONICLE.

Lack-a-daye! Wepynge and dolour dwelle amonge ye knyghtes and squyeres ; for 1o! ye puissant and vaillant knyghte, Sir Artebias Bardix, ye fourmere scrybe, hath goon hence and nis no more - requiescat in pace! Butte yet was their gref not over grete for ye knyghtes haben gotten agayne ye Lessere Hole, whence they hadde ben driven by ye base Cesenic.

And whanne ye habiters of ye castle weren met togedre, bifil thatte ye overlorde didde summon ye knyghtes togedre and spak in this wise~" Lo, Le Wradl hath goon from us unto Nolnod, St. Nuto abideth with foule smelles in a noisome den, and Bardix nis no more. So are ye knyghtes made fowre which were seven. Therfore will I make othere knyghtes in thir place, that ye may not be overwhelmed by ye nombres of ye henchmen." And they didden choose and electe fowre squyeres thatte they might be knyghtes and rulen ye lessere fry, and for thir names were they not St. Ebt, and Yepont, and Serdans, and eke Troyal? Vaillant knyghtes weren they and didden weare thir helmettes with dignitee and majestie.

Whan thatte two moones weren past and goon arose ye puissant overlorde and thus spak he: "Ye knyghtes, squyeres and henchmen, now will we remove unto ye citee hall, there, with mirthe and chaunting, to give rewardes onto them thatte have vanquished Sir Wyrke and overcome ye awefull King Xam, Lord of Ye Joynte Borde." So spak he, and it was so.

And it cam to passe on ye daye appoynted, ye knyghtes, squyeres and henchmen, with thir forbears, didden assemble in ye halle and didden listen to ye Cownsilloure of Wyrke and to ye Overlorde and eke to manie otheres of lesse rcpewt; and one arose and with much Grymumer didde hide his visage behind a shrubbe, whereat was much myrthe.

And whan thatte ye even was farre spente arose sundrie spirites from magick bokes and didden mak much myrthe inasmuch as some were whyt and some were blak. Thanne didden ye squyeres and henchmen chaunte swete songes and musickall. Atte laste cam a certayne fatte god and diddc conteste with manie bestes yclad in grene, ludely crying "coax."

Then arose ye knyghte Ygar and eke ye squyere Ralck, and spak thus: " Now will we arise and go onto Nolnod and overcome ye King Xam who attacketh alle them thatte will to become scrybes." Grete were thir laboures and endeavoures; and nowe dwelle they in hope.

And whan thatte they hadde retourncd didde Ygar mak merrie and disport himself to his grete plaisaunce.

Than followed lrknean, he of the chariote of silvere, and hied hym unto Nolnod, wher he didde wrestle with ye tyrante Yntre, and nowe abideth he in fere and tremblynge ye resolte of hys laboures.

Nowe dayly do ye seniore henchmen furbyshe thir armoure and sharpen thir weapones that they may doe battaile with Joynte Borde and become squyeres of proven valoure.

And nowe sholde I lamente the passynge of Rwebos and prayse his successoure N'Aulinq surnamed Budde, but these and the rests of the aktes of ye knyghtes, are they not written in ye boke Pharos?

DRAGNAL YE SCRYBE.

 

WITH THE CADETS IN CAMP, SANDWICH BAY, AUGUST, 1925.

If camp were to be as attractive as the posters adorning the Cadets' Notice Board during the summer term, it was going to be the camp of camps. So thought the main body of the Corps assembled at Priory Station on Friday morning, the 31st July. The Southern Railway honoured us with an especially late train which, after much puffing and blowing, crawled into Sandwich Station. Everyone was so astonished that some minutes passed before we realised that there was no band to meet us.

Although it was too wet for the band to come, it was not too wet for the stronger among us to carry our own kits; by the time we reached camp the strong envied the weak. The Sergt. Major received us at the gate -.not, it is true, as guests are received at the Head Master's "At Home" - let it suffice that he received us. The advance guard treated us as old campaigners do "tenderfeet."

The camp was in almost the same place as last year. In two rows of four were the tents of the rank and file; at the head of each row frowned a marquee-one the Sergeants' Mess, the other a mysterious place that sheltered the Sergeant-Major in the dead hours of night; the cooks' tent was as near as possible to the tap, the guards' to the gate; and the officers' tents were in a row parallel to the unassuming habitations of the rank and file.

The many small boys released for the first time from their mothers' apron strings were much puzzled by a notice proclaiming the establishment of a "Permanent Fire Picket." Some thought it a picket for firing bad boys out of camp and corps; others a picket for keeping the cooks' fires alight-what a God-send this had been!

Everyone soon settled down to the routine of camp life. I can conscientiously say there were no slackers. Plates were cleared without the Commanding Officer coming round to tell the peevish to "eat it up, like a good boy"; indeed, any flies, wasps and other beasties slow of wing went down with the "grub." The Sergt.-Major will be glad to know that he is the author of a "clichι" famous for all time: "A double flam brings up the markers." He sang it in his moments of exaltation; he bellowed it forth in his moments of exasperation on parade; he listened with joy to hear his chant beloved rise from the rank and file and the autocratic "markers" themselves.

We were all delighted to have Blackford, Scarlett, Budgen, and Hunt with us; it would only have been half a camp without these.

Each Sunday we marched to Sandwich Bay to attend divine service conducted by our Head Master at the seaside house of Lord Astor, which he again kindly put at our disposal. To march along to a band, especially your own band, is one of the pleasantest things in the world; there is a rhythm, a swing about it that nothing else can give. So we marched proudly along, feeling very important. For were we not the cynosure of many pairs of eyes - the spectacled eyes of old gentlemen, and oh! the lustrous eyes of fair ladies who flashed past in their cars to St. George's Golf Club; to say nothing of the countless sheep and cows that deigned to look. We came down that sea front with a real military swing; the hotels and houses echoed and were roused by our drums as never before.

Friday, the 7th August, dawned. The dawn as viewed from the cook-house bore no ill omens. Then Inspection Day ought to go off all right.

THE NIGHT WATCH, SANDWICH 1925

 

Everyone was early astir, wondering whether all our labours had been in vain. Every morning at 9.30 had we toiled and sweated at ceremonial drill, company drill and section drill. Our arms had ached with holding the unaccustomed rifle so long, and many shoulders were sore and somewhat raw. Later in the day we had all been busy signalling, surveying, map reading, or studying and constructing field telephones. Then we turned and twisted and allowed our legs to be scratched by thistles, for Lieut. Pascall forgot the last in his enthusiasm for the cause. In the afternoon we had again toiled at drill, and in the evening some still pursued special branches of RE. work.

The report of Colonel Wood-Martin, the Secretary to the Kent Territorial Association, will convince all that we did work and were trained by most efficient men.

The close of Inspection Day did not end work at this camp. On the Tuesday following we competed for the Lucas Tooth Shield for company drill and physical training. Lieut. Crimons was the judging officer. Then there came the competitions for the Section Cup and the Shooting Cup. For the first there was indeed a tough fight, Section III. eventually winning the trophy by two points from Section II. C.Q.M.S. Sanders won the Shooting Cup, but while we congratulate him heartily on his success we are sorry the standard fell short of that of previous years. However, considering the busy time we had in other directions, both at camp and during term, the shooting was quite good for so little practice.

Although Visitors' Day was a perfect summer day. there was not a large crowd. This was due, no doubt, to the numbers that had visited the camp at intervals during the week. However, those that came stayed long enough to catch the regimental spirit, and to see the ladies stepping away reminded one of the "W.A.A.C.'s" and "W.R.N.S." of the war time. Yes, away they tramped, full up with camp spirits - just tea, of course, but such a tea they were not accustomed to, so it went to their heads. The band was the centre of attraction while camp was invaded by the civilians. How the poor bandsmen blushed when praised so highly and looked upon so sweetly and approvingly.

Despite the somewhat lengthy deliberations of the Sports Committee, the Camp Sports could not be called a success. The ground was far too rough for serious running. However, blindfold section drill, the uniform race, tent pegging on bicycles and the other humorous events provided much amusement.

One might have expected that the poor boys were worked so hard that they went to sleep directly after tea. But I assure you everyone was very much alive, and all sorts of things happened alter tea. Most of the Corps stayed in camp and indulged in rags and games. Other very polished gentlemen went into Sandwich and partook of a large supper of "chips" at a grand restaurant. But those who stayed in camp had the best time. We were blessed with Girl Guide neighbours; there were two camps in the field opposite at different times. There were two rags in the field opposite at different times! And great rags they were, too! To describe them in detail would make all non-cadets jealous, and we do not want the school divided into two opposite camps.

No, we want them all in one, and why not next year? We shall not always have the chance of such a glorious fortnight, - "Days of fresh air in the rain and the sun."

We soon leave behind the days when we regarded it as our duty to eat all that was going at a tent feed, although we knew the discomfort that would surely follow. You may never be able to enjoy the fellowship of camp when school is left behind. Why miss it now?

E. TRIST.

 

HOBBIES.

One brother I have who collects foreign stamps
His collection grows bigger and bigger;
While another spends time with his hammers and clamps
And uses a fretsaw with vigour.

From the great crowd of hobbies my cousin has ta'en
Cultivation of blooms as his choice;
And, just as I write, there's a shriek as of pain -
It's Sis., cultivating her voice.

Mother uses a needle with pretty effect,
While Dad turns up at the footer;
And my hobby is ? - Oh, well! I collect
The refusals polite of the editor.

I. C. AUSTIN (IIIAi.).

THE BULB-FIELDS OF HOLLAND.

You have all seen bulb catalogues, but at Easter I had the pleasure of seeing the real thing.

At Leyden, a town near The Hague, the road was skirted by two canals, whilst beyond these were vast stretches of golden daffodils, each like wax models, so perfectly were they formed. For about three miles in all, the bulb fields were growing daffodils, but presently we smelt a beautiful scent: it was the smell of hyacinths. Then they came into sight; the fields were not so large as those of the daffodils and they were divided into patches, of contrasting colours, about twelve feet square.

By the side of the fields we noticed a small kind of windmill, with a ditch running beside it, and by that means the fields., were irrigated.
As we were nearing Haarlem many small children offered us strings of daffodil heads, whilst nearly all motorists had many strings decorating their cars.

When we reached Haarlem we found everything very gay, because at that time an International Flower Show was being held. The town was very full of visitors, but we found a hotel that was not full and spent the night there.

H. C. BLACKFORD (IIIAi.).

 

SOME INDIAN SPORTS.

The sports of India are very pleasurable. The first sport that I accompanied my father in was "crocodile shooting," or, as it is called in India, "mugger shooting." We hired a boat and the native oarsmen rowed us for a few miles until we saw crocodiles. We got as close as we could to them, and then shot. A crocodile is very difficult to kill. Hitting a crocodile on the back is nearly useless, unless it is young, as a crocodile's back is very hard indeed. The neck, however, is about the best place to hit a crocodile. On one occasion when I was with my father, he killed eleven, ranging from about two feet to twelve feet long. The largest he ever secured was about fifteen to eighteen feet long.

The next sport was "nilghai shooting." We travelled to a likely place for nilghai, in a kind of trap, or "gharri" as its proper name is. We then left the gharri and proceeded on foot, having with us native men to look after the guns and help to skin the bag. If a nilghai was in long grass, natives would chase or frighten it towards the guns. The nilghai is blueish-grey in colour, somewhat the shape and size of a fairly large horse, only it has horns like those of a cow. Its skin can be tanned into leather, or can be used as foot rugs. Its head is kept as a trophy, while its flesh is quite edible.
Lastly, there was peafowl shooting, which is much more uncommon than either crocodile or nilghai shooting. We drove out in a gharri until we saw signs of peafowl. We then gave chase and walked about the grass. When the peafowl was seen, we hid so that it would not suspect danger. At a favourable advantage it was shot. The flesh of a peafowl is as luscious as the flesh of a turkey. Sometimes while shooting peafowl a peacock is shot, a peacock's plumage being a fine trophy.

T. MCCRODDAX (IVB.).

 

NATURE'S FOG HORNS.

The sports of India are very pleasurable. The first sport that I accompanied my father in was "crocodile shooting," or, as it is called in India, "mugger shooting." We hired a boat and the native oarsmen rowed us for a few miles until we saw crocodiles. We got as close as we could to them, and then shot. A crocodile is very difficult to kill. Hitting a crocodile on the back is nearly useless, unless it is young, as a crocodile's back is very hard indeed. The neck, however, is about the best place to hit a crocodile. On one occasion when I was with my father, he killed eleven, ranging from about two feet to twelve feet long. The largest he ever secured was about fifteen to eighteen feet long.

The next sport was "nilghai shooting." We travelled to a likely place for nilghai, in a kind of trap, or "gharri" as its proper name is. We then left the gharri and proceeded on foot, having with us native men to look after the guns and help to skin the bag. If a nilghai was in long grass, natives would chase or frighten it towards the guns. The nilghai is blueish-grey in colour, somewhat the shape and size of a fairly large horse, only it has horns like those of a cow. Its skin can be tanned into leather, or can be used as foot rugs. Its head is kept as a trophy, while its flesh is quite edible.

Lastly, there was peafowl shooting, which is much more uncommon than either crocodile or nilghai shooting. We drove out in a gharri until we saw signs of peafowl. We then gave chase and walked about the grass. When the peafowl was seen, we hid so that it would not suspect danger. At a favourable advantage it was shot. The flesh of a peafowl is as luscious as the flesh of a turkey. Sometimes while shooting peafowl a peacock is shot, a peacock's plumage being a fine trophy.

T. MCCRODDAX (IVB.).

JOHN KING (IIIAii.).

 

THE TORCHLIGHT TATTOO.

On Wednesday, 7th October, a party of the School Cadets witnessed the marvels of the Tattoo, at the Stadium, Wembley. Catching the 1 o'clock train from Dover, we enjoyed the privilege of four reserved carriages to Charing Cross; the people at our stopping-stations were reminded - vocally, though perhaps not musically - that D-O-V-E-R spells, completely spells, and spells nothing but Dover.

Arriving at the Exhibition about 5 o'clock, we split up into parties of half-a-dozen or so and made the most of an hour in the Exhibition itself. At 6.5 p,m., the whole party was outside the Excursion Restaurant, in eager anticipation of "filling the aching void"; an excellent tea (which some of the party declared the best part of the trip) gave us ample opportunity to do this. Bread-and-Butter, etc., vanished with incredible rapidity.

Then, at 7 p.m., we marched in military formation to the Stadium; with the glare of the searchlight beams above us, and the eyes of the multitude upon us, we took up our allotted positions at 7.20 p.m.

Scarcely had the strokes of 8 p.m. died away, when the clear notes of the "Retreat" rang from the massed buglers. I will not describe the Tattoo in full: suffice to say that the military operations, performed in the glow of the searchlight beams and in the. flickering light of the torches carried by the dancing crowd, were thrilling and magnificent: that the physical drill by 400 RA.F. recruits was wonderful, to say the least. But, "last scene of all" is the appearance of a straggling band of battle-stained soldiers limping from the din of battle to the figure of St. George, in glistening armour, banner aloft. at the opposite end of the arena; gradually, the white crosses, mid Flanders Poppies, appear above him, while the familiar strains of "Abide with me" float from a hidden choir. "God Save the King" ends the Tattoo programme.

We left the Exhibition at about 10 p.m. and marched along Wembley High Street to catch the 10.30 train. I suppose we were invigorated by what we had seen, but at any rate that march will give Wembley something to talk about for "forty years on."

Arriving at Charing Cross once more, we waited till 11.55 p.m., when our train turned up, but no reserved carriages! However, a kind-hearted Inspector emptied two carriages of civilians (much to the annoyance of these latter) and the troops were bundled in. I say "bundled in," because, Reader, if you can imagine 36 full-grown cadets compressed for 2½ hours in two carriages, then you have an excellent idea of our journey home. Nevertheless, we arrived at Dover Priory at 2.20 a.m. on Thursday morning.

On the whole, the trip was most enjoyable, and thanks are due to those who arranged it.

A.H.C.

 

ON A TEXT-BOOK OF INORGANIC CHEMISTRY.

Judging by a recent article in these columns, one of the chief weapons in the armoury of the Arts Student is his atlas. With its ample size it is generally recognised as conferring an element of respectability upon the pile of books he takes home every day; it acts as a substantial basis of his homework, and the discerning observer may observe sundry drawings peeping coyly from out the pages. Our men of science take a justifiable pride in their chemistry books, which are by no means the dry-as dust affairs they are popularly supposed to be. Indeed, the human element prevails over the more material elements.

At the beginning of the book we are introduced to a host of doubtful characters who in the misty ages practised the none too respectable trade of alchemy. We read of that enlightened person who proved that every substance was composed of water; this was the result of observations made on a willow tree. No doubt this damped the prospects of many vendors of good spirits.

We are astonished to find that Persia and Arabia produced the best chemists in ancient times. ]abir-ibn-Hayyan, who lived in the eighth century, combined chemistry with the pursuit of the Muse; his "Particles of Gold," a long chemical poem, is still extant - no doubt it was a best-seller in those days.

One fascinating theory which was much favoured was that all metals are composed of sulphur and mercury, and the various names for the latter were "the poison," "gamber," "permanent water," "the dragon"; it was thought to be a viscous water which existed within the bowels of the earth. A chemistry book in those days was full of delicate subtleties, as will be seen from Geber's discourse on Mercury: "Nothing is submerged in Argentvive (Mercury) unless it be Sol. Yet Jupiter, Saturn, Luna and Venus are dissolved by it and mixed, and without it none of the metals can be gilded. "Iron is mentioned in the 57th chapter of the Koran: "Allah sent down iron, in which is both keen violence and advantages to men." Hence the names, " the violent," "the useful," "death," "the black slave, and "Persian earth." Abul Quasim, in the" Book of the Mighty Secret of the Most Noble Stone," says: "Iron is hot and dry, related essentially to Marrikh (Mars), ruler of the Fifth Heaven."

Gradually, however, the harmless quest of such novelties as the philosopher's stone and the elixir of life became unpopular, and medical or iatro chemistry became fashionable. Basil Valentine, a monk, made a life study of the element antimony. A popular version of the origin of the word "antimony" comes from his unfortunate experiment, about 1400, on the effect of the powdered metal as a tonic for monks: the results were so disastrous that the substance was known as "anti-moine." He embodied the results of his experiments in "The Triumphal Chariot of Antimony," the first book of its kind to be published.

Of late years chemistry has lost none of its romance; if we marvel at the ingenuity of the old philosophers with their little store of reagents and scanty apparatus, how much more are we left wondering when we read of the men who have devised methods for studying atoms and electrons. Truly we are led to agree with Geber when he says, "Chemists delight not in the abundance of their materials, but in the excellence of their methods. "We lay down our chemistry book with a sense of awe; the last word has by no means been said: indeed it is probable that even now we are but on the threshold of the storehouse of knowledge.

S. T. NEWING (VI. Science).

 

ON GUARD AT SANDWICH.

'Twas dawn; and out of misty nothingness
There grew a sky all grey, yet seeming blue,
And chequered o'er with small dark hurrying clouds.
Then, soon, as cleared the all-enwrapping fog
From off the dykes and slowly winding streams,
A waving line of purple hills, a-glow
Where new-born Phoebus rose above their rim
Against the mystic, grey-blue sky stood out
Beyond the marshland scene so flat and broad,
Still mottled o'er with wisps of wandering mist.
And then, the sleeping world awoke once more;
The lowing cattle slow did plod along
The sandy, twisting paths, until they came
By wooden bridges to the pastures green.
The sheep, before all huddled by the fence,
Spread out to graze the little hillocks trim;
While in the town nearby, the chimneys first
Began to smoke. The grey old church clock chimed;
And soon, around the tortuous river's bend
Appeared the earliest of the mean, small boats
With dirty sails and decks, which used to bring
A little corn up to the crumbling wharves
Of Sandwich, once so wealthy with her trade,
Now fallen low, and void of merchandise.
And in the magic light of early morn
The rotting quay seemed full of life once more,
The timbers sound, and thronged with crowds of men;
While in the enchantment of the hour the boats
Seemed to be portly argosies again.

C. JARRETT (V. Arts).

IT COMETH!

Ye Jointe Boarde is a-coming soone,
And wel we know it! Aye!
Ye masters mak oure flesh to creepe,
And for ourselves we praye.
Oure Mathes, it is atro-ci-ous!
Oure Frenche, it is as badde!
And mony a master cometh in:
"You'll never passe my ladde! "
Yette every yeare it seems ye same,
Or so the others saye;
They never hadde a chance to passe;
They for themselves didde praye.
So lette ye masters mak us worke
And slave and swotte for aye;
And lette's remember all ye time
That they have hadde their daye!

R. SMITH (V. Ex.)

JUNIOR SCHOOL NOTES.

The Autumn Term, always a difficult one, has been more than usually so this year owing to the very large number of new boys, and the "perpetual motion" necessitated by the permanent occupation of the" Hall" by IIB. The introduction of occasional homework for boys in Forms 1. appears to have met with general approval. It is not intended to demand from boys under twelve more than an occasional half hour's task. At Football we excel. So far we have won all three matches, our opponents being Burfield House and Harvey Grammar School. Goals for, 30; against, 6. Some very promising players have joined us this term; in fact, the outlook for 1930 appears quite hopeful.

There is some possibility of a competition being held next term in Reading and Recitation; details later.

 

CAMBER CASTLE.

In the summer holidays I went to Winchelsea. On the flat ground between Rye and Winchelsea is Camber Castle, which is an old Norman fort. The outside wall is square, but where the corners would have been it is rounded and jutting out like a tower. It is about three feet thick, and built of flints. It is crumbling, and we could get up and walk on the top; sheep also get upon the wall, and we managed to get a photograph of some on it.

The Keep is round, and its wall is about four feet thick. Under the ground all round the Keep is a tunnel, which they most likely used to put prisoners in. Inside the wall of the Keep is a flight of crumbling stairs which lead to an opening, which was the way to the second floor, which has all fallen away. There is a ledge on which the floor rested. If I had cared to scramble along the ledge I should have got to another flight of stairs which went to the top of the Keep. These must have been used for a look-out, for the fort guarded the flat land round it.

G. S. ALLEN (IA.).


HOW TO MAKE A MOSS TREE.

All that is needed for this is a twig shaped like the letter Y, a small flower-pot filled with earth, and some moss.
Sharpen the ends of the twig to a point. Then get the moss and cut out two circles about one inch in diameter, then two more a bit smaller, and then two very small ones.

Put the big pieces of moss on first - one on each branch of the twig-then put the others on the top of them to form a sort of spiral. Then put the other end of the twig in the earth which is in the flower-pot. Water the moss daily, and after a short time you will have quite a pretty moss tree.

H. A. BROWNING.

 

S.

Short-sighted Sarah saw Sammy Sadd staring silently. She said softly, "Surely something shocks Sammy." Sam sighed. Suddenly someone shouted, "Sarah's shingled!" "Shocking ! " said Sammy, " she's swanking."

So saying, Sam stealthily started strolling southwards, singing softly, "Sister Sarah's shingled." Sarah said, "Such silly songs, Sam! Sing something sensible." She suggested, " Sister Susie saw six short squires sewing six short shirts." "Surely secondary scholars shouldn't sing such soft songs," said Sammy, smiling sweetly.

T. L. W. EADE (I.A.)

 

THE BRITISH SYSTEM OF BUOYAGE.

Buoys, which are very important from a sailor's point of view, may be found in large numbers round the coast.

The most common are the conical and can buoys, which are used for buoying long sandbanks and river estuaries. On one side of the bank are red or black conical buoys, and on the other red and white chequered or red and white vertically striped can buoys. The red is sometimes replaced by black.

The side marked by conical buoys must be left on the starboard hand, and the other side on the port hand. This only applies to ships going with the main stream, so vessels coming against the stream leave the conical buoys on their port hand.

If a long bank is marked, the buoys are numbered or lettered. For instance, the Formby Bank buoys are marked F1, F2, F3. When buoys are placed in river estuaries, ships find, on coming in, conical buoys on their starboard and can buoys the other side, and they act as if they were passing a bank. These buoys are also numbered, the first one being to seaward.

When a middle ground-that is a bank in the river-is buoyed, they place a spherical buoy with a staff and diamond on top at the outer end. The other end is marked with a spherical buoy which is surmounted with a staff and triangle. Spherical buoys are painted with red and white horizontal rings.

Wrecks are marked by a green conical buoy which has WRECK in white letters on it. The buoy is placed on the side of the wreck nearest the fairway.

A black conical buoy, lettered TELEGRAPH in white, marks the end of a broken telegraph cable.

Special dangers, such as rocks, are marked by bell and gas buoys or whistle buoys. Other types of buoys are "spar," a spar sticking out of the water vertically, and "pillar," a high, oblong block.

The responsibility for the correct placing and upkeep of buoys rests on the Trinity House, and it is their duty to mark dangerous places.

Navigational warnings are issued to mariners when alterations are made.

"NAUTICUS" (VB.).