No. 51. MARCH, 1926. VOL. XVI.
|Notices||An Attack on a Caterpillar|
|Head Master's notes||A Holiday on the Broads|
|Gleams and Flashes||The Deal Town Hall|
|Examination Successes||On a Picture in the School Hall|
|Parents' Association||In Spring Days|
|Old Boys' Association Notes||The Haunted Cottage|
|Football||Kentish Men and Men of Kent|
|Games Account||Deal on a Saturday Night|
|Literary and Scientific Society||Spring|
|1st Cadet Coy. C.P. (F.) R.E.||Junior School Notes|
|1st Cadet Coy. C.P. (F.) R.E. Balance sheet||A Trip to the Rhine|
|House Notes||L'Ecole Communale|
|Valete||Nest Boxes for the Garden|
|Merit List||St Radigund's Abbey and Grave|
The next number of
The Pharos will appear about 24th July. Contributions must be
submitted to the Editor not later than 5th July.
We acknowledge with thanks Ruym (Ramsgate County School), The Ashfordian, Dover County School for Girls' Magazine.
Copies of the current issue of The Pharos or of back numbers which are in stock may be obtained from the Editor, price 9d.
The Editor would be glad to have the names and addresses of Old Pharosians and others who would like to receive copies. The Pharos is now issued free to all members of the Old Boys' Association.
HEAD MASTER'S NOTES.
The Summer Term will commence on Thursday,
20th April, and end on Wednesday,
28th July. Holders of season tickets are asked to see that their railway
passes are made out to cover both these dates.
Staff.—At the opening of term after the Christmas holidays, the School was extremely sorry to learn that Mr. Thomas was on the sick list and would need a term's rest. It is good to know that, although his general condition caused anxiety throughout January, he now appears to be well on the way to a permanent recovery. We look forward to his returning to School on the first day of the Summer Term; we shall give him a most hearty welcome, and be prepared to relieve him as far as possible from the more strenuous duties which service in a Secondary School necessarily entails.
We were fortunate in securing at short notice the services of Mr. N. M. Bligh, A.R.C.S., an Old Boy of Bedford Modern School and a Graduate of the Royal College of Science, formerly Assistant Master at the Grammar Schools at Wimborne and at Stevenage. We believe that his term's work with us has been most agreeable to himself, and we hope it has been as beneficial in widening his outlook as it has been useful to us in overcoming our temporary difficulties. He leaves us at the end of term, with our best wishes for his success as a schoolmaster and as a scientist. By publishing a book on the "Quantum Theory," he has attracted the attention of Professor M. Planck of Berlin University and will earn the gratitude of scientists for his contribution to Physics.
The School offers its congratulations to Mr. and Mrs. F. F. Allin on the birth of their daughter, and its best wishes for their good health.
We have been both interested and delighted to have Mr. D. Wheeler, of Keble College, Oxford, at work in the School this term, undergoing his period of professional training for the Oxford Diploma in Education. His position has been one of peculiar difficulty, but he has "won his spurs" and contributed to the School life an enthusiasm in the teaching of History, English and Latin, which should long remain with us. His term's work has undoubtedly reflected credit on all concerned and has been of much practical use.
New School Prospects.—The Government proposals for economy in matters educational have not seriously delayed the progress of the new School. It was found necessary by the Kent Education Committee to postpone building operations to 1927-28. The uppermost portion of the site is therefore to be levelled this year, and the ground carefully prepared so that the actual building may be begun in 1927. The Kent Education Committee will be sending to the Board of Education its programme for the three years 1927-30, and we are assured that the Dover School stands first in order of urgency. It is realised that to lay the foundation of the new Boys' School is also the first step in providing increased and better accommodation for the Girls' School, and in releasing the Technical Institute for its more specific technical purposes. All branches of Higher Education, therefore, in the town and district are eagerly expectant that the new Boys' School should be begun at the earliest possible moment. The Education Authorities are wisely bearing in mind the possibilities of considerable expansion in Technical Education at Dover in connection with the coal mining industry and the expectation of increased demand for all forms of advanced instruction.
Advanced Courses.—Our programmes for two Advanced Courses in (a) Arts, and (b) Science and Mathematics, have been carefully prepared and are ready for submission to the Board of Education. Preliminary discussions have already taken place, and the Science side may be confident that their proposals will be accepted. So far as the syllabus of instruction is concerned.
our aims for the Advanced Course in Arts have been more than fulfilled by the scholarly and interesting programme in English, French, Art, History. Geography and Latin. drawn up by the Arts Staff, are leading to the Higher Certificate of the Joint Board Examination. It only remains for parents and boys to appreciate that these subjects open out the favourable prospect of ultimately earning a fairly comfortable income, although the economic conditions make the Science side somewhat attractive.
School Numbers.—The School passed beyond the 400 mark in the Autumn Term, has maintained its position this term and from the waiting list, there is no doubt will continue to do so in the Summer Term. If, as seems likely, we have an advanced Upper Sixth Form in the School in September, our accommodation will be seriously strained. Places for the Free Place Scholarship entrants must be found, and there will be room for approximately not more than twenty-five or thirty "new boys." Parents therefore are earnestly requested to apply for and return their forms of application for admission at the earliest possible moment.
Homework.—The investigation with regard to the Homework in Forms II. has brought to light most interesting information. The general conclusion is that, as at present arranged, the Homework is not excessive. Few boys complain either of the difficulty of the Homework or of the time required. Few parents observe signs of fatigue. Nearly all boys are favoured with a reasonably quiet room for Homework purposes, and many of them spend some hours per week at other pursuits such as choir, music practice, visits to picture palaces, etc. Considering that the boys are expected to take public examinations, such as Oxford and Cambridge Point Board, Oxford School Certificate, etc., at as early an age as possible, Homework must be regarded as a necessary duty, and excuses for neglect of it should be few. Indeed, frequently the boys who are most in need of extra work are just those who fall back upon their parents to write out an excuse; while other boys, who seem to need the Homework least, delight in doing it and ask for more. The investigation reveals the fact that, in consequence of evening occupations of various kinds, boys get to bed much too late. Eleven hours' sleep is necessary for a boy aged 12-13 if he is to be alert at morning school. The amount of Homework which is set can be done in the stated time if a boy concentrates his attention on it, and the time should be strictly adhered to. If it is found that this time is exceeded, then, as suggested by the School Prospectus, parents should communicate with the Head Master.
Celebrations Committee—21st School Anniversary.—The School Governors have elected representatives to serve under their Chairman, the Rev. Canon Elnor, on a joint committee of parents, Governors, Staff and Old Boys, to celebrate the "coming of age" of the School. To avoid undue interference with the School work we must plan the functions for the first week-end of the Autumn Term, and arrange events so that all may have a share in them. The following provisional arrangements have been suggested:—
On Friday, 24th September, a tea and entertainment for the present boys, in the Town Hall.
On Saturday, the 25th, thanksgiving and commemoration at St. Mary's, 3 p.m., for Governors, parents and boys (past and present)—special preacher to be invited; 4.15, "At Home" in the Town Hall for parents, Governors and Old Boys; 7.45, Public Dinner, either in Town Hall or at hotel, with special speakers if desired.
The Girls' School.—The Boys' School welcomes as Head Mistress of its sister School, Miss H. Scott, M.A. (Lond.), formerly Assistant Mistress at St. Leonard's School, St. Andrews, N.B., and Head Mistress of Stoke Park Secondary School, Coventry. We convey to her and the School hearty congratulations and best wishes.
The reports sent in by our various correspondents seem to indicate a term of
success and progress for all activities connected with the School. At the time
of writing, one outstanding event—the Drill Competition—remains to be decided,
but we hope to receive a report of this before going to press.
We thank again the many boys who have sent in contributions for this issue—especially those whose work is unavoidably crowded out. We would urge these latter to try again—there is always room in The Pharos for the best. One hint may be useful. Many articles make a very promising beginning, but fail to maintain the standard. Does the inspiration fail? or is the fault due to lack of time to work out the original idea? In either case, why not start a little sooner? There is no need to wait for the Editor's "last date for receiving contributions," especially as the expenditure of a little extra time and care would save many a worthy effort from the waste-paper basket.
We would like to add to the Head Master's words our own good wishes for Mr. Thomas' complete recovery from his illness.
GLEAMS AND FLASHES.
The School Sports will be held next term, at Crabble, on Wednesday, 26th May.
Swimming practice will be resumed after the holidays, when the Baths re-open for the season.
Breaking-up Concerts will be held at School on Tuesday, 30th March—at the Junior School 4-5 p.m., and at the Senior School 6-7 p.m.
The School Benevolent Fund for this term amounted, on 15th March, to £8 10s., giving a total for the School Year, to that date, of £25 4s. 11½d.
On Friday, 12th March, we had an interesting lecture on "Canterbury and its Cathedral," by Mr. H. Septimus Pears. The lecturer dealt with the history of the City of Canterbury and with the history and architecture of the Cathedral, illustrating his facts with some excellent lantern slides.
It is hoped that, as a sequel to this lecture, we may have a School visit to Canterbury during the early part of next term.
Congratulations to Country House on being the first winners of the Parents' Association Cup at the Annual House Drill Competition.
We welcome the appearance of several contemporaries: viz., Ltt (Form IIb.), The Herald (IIIa. i.). The Sentinel (IVb.), and The Pioneer (IVa.). We wish them all a long and useful career.
London Inter. Science, November, 1925.
London Inter. Science, November, 1925.
R.A.F. Boy Mechanics.
M. V. F. Clayson
F. G. Tapley F. D. Trott
H. A. Jude P. A. Taylor
Oxford and Cambridge Joint Board School Certificate, December, 1925.
Donald A. H. F.
Hunt O. G. Shenton
G. E. Fagg *C. G. Jarrett P. A. Taylor
C. E. Fisher *S. J. Jeffery *E. L. Trist
*T. F. Fry S. H. Morris A. W. Turner
G. F. Geddes D. W. Pullee W. H. Walter
*L. J. Goodburn V. C. Saville E. C. V. G. Wraight
* Qualified for London Matriculation.
The Christmas Parties, held on the 7th, 8th and 9th of January, were well up to the high standard of previous years. The boys and their guests were accorded a splendid time. The very generous response by the parents with gifts of money and kind was much appreciated. The success which it attained merits all the praise it is possible to shower on Mrs. Whitehouse, the Ladies' Committee, the helpers and the Honorary Secretary. To stand up to the strain the three days impose, is no mean achievement.
The first Soiree of the New Year was arranged for the 30th January, and was well attended. Musical items rendered by Mr. and Mrs. Forfar, Miss Richards and Mr. Landrey were much appreciated, and contributed to make the evening's entertainment most enjoyable.
On Saturday, 27th February, the Executive Committee of the Association were invited to an At Home held by the Deal and Walmer Parents. We congratulate them on this highly successful function.
The Soiree arranged by the Staff on 6th March was a very enjoyable event, and the interesting musical numbers, especially Community Singing, were very much appreciated.
On 20th March a good number of parents witnessed the first annual competition for the Challenge Cup presented by the Association for physical exercises. Four good teams were congratulated on their display by C.S.M. Belford, the Garrison Superintendent of Physical Training at Dover, who had kindly consented to act as judge. The exercises were carried out under the orders of Mr. Pascall, and the final result of the competition was as follows: -
Country House. .. .. .. 184 points.
Maxton House. .. .. .. 167 “
Buckland House. .. .. .. 100 “
Town House. .. .. .. 140 “
The Committee congratulate the winners of a keen contest.
After the drill and the presentation of the Cup the following were elected to represent the Association on the Committee now being formed to celebrate the School's twenty-first anniversary: - Messrs. Fea, Pudney and Landrey, Capt. Donald and Mrs. Farley.
The day's events concluded with a successful Whist Drive and Dance.
The Deal "At Home."
Mr. J. T. Fea presided over a gathering which included the Head Master, Mrs. Whitehouse, members of the Staff and their wives, and representatives of the Dover parents. The Deal parents who were able to attend made up the numbers to about eighty.
Tea, speeches, music and dancing were the chief items in a pleasant evening's entertainment. Mr. Fea welcomed the guests, and Capt. Rowe replied on behalf of the Parents' Association.
The Head Master, in his address, referred to the necessity for application and concentration on school tasks, both in the classroom and at home, but recognised also the value of recreation and relaxation. He hoped for the co-operation of the parents, especially in the matter of homework. He regretted the delay in starting work on the new School, but recognised that, under present circumstances, it was reasonable. The hope was expressed that parents would assist in making this year's coming of age celebrations worthy of the traditions of the School.
A vote of thanks to the visitors was passed, on the motion of Mr. Bach, seconded by Mrs. Woodham.
The programme of songs, recitations, sketches and violin solos was carried out by Mrs. Munro, Mrs. Moulder, Messrs. Fea, Peacocke, Young and members of the School Staff, and the proceedings concluded successfully with a short dance.
OLD BOYS' ASSOCIATION NOTES.
These notes are necessarily curtailed on account of so much space being devoted to the list of members. It is hoped that the adoption of this idea may prove useful as well as interesting to readers of the Magazine.
Just as last term's notes went to press, we heard of the success of E. W. Pudney in his Final Exam. as Associate of the Institute of Chartered Accountants. We take this opportunity of congratulating him.
The past term has been uneventful in the history of the Association. The Re-Union was quite the most successful yet held from a social standpoint, although unfortunately a small deficit occurred on the balance sheet.
The February Dance was not attended with the usual success owing to other similar events being held in the town on the same evening. A most enjoyable time was, nevertheless, spent by those present.
The Committee hope for a good attendance at the Easter Dance on Tuesday, 6th April, and at the General Meeting on the day following.
Once more we record over one hundred members for the year ending 31st March.
Members are reminded that a new O.B.A. year commences on 1st April.
LIST OF MEMBERS.
Banks, A. S., Singapore Free Press, Straits
Barnard, A. A., 40, Eaton Road.
Beighton, J. H. K., 2, Cadman Street, Mosbrough.
Belsey, E. V., 14, Stanhope Road.
Binfield, C., 9, Park Place.
Birt, W. G., 3, Priory Hill.
Blackford, C. G., 97, Folkestone Road.
Booth, E. A., 112, Folkestone Road.
Booth, S. W., 98, Osborne Road, Willesborough.
Bowers, C., Forge Villa, Eythorne.
Bromley, J. F., “Perivale,” St. Luke Road, Ramsgate.
Browne, S. G., 1, Gladstone Terrace, Priory Hill.
Budgen, J., 59, Barton Road.
Bunyan, J., “Thelta”, Sydney Road, Walmer.
Burbridge, I. R, 2, Montpelier Villas.
Busbridge, W., 1, Gresham Villas, Priory Hill.
Bussey, W., 203, Folkestone Road.
Cadman, F. J., Jubilee Villa, Woodchurch.
Cartwright, R. S., Hillbrook, Crabble Hill.
Cassingham, J., 10, Monin's Road.
Chase, H. F., 1, Osmunda Villas, Cherry Tree Avenue.
Clark, W. F., 149, Boxley Road, Maidstone.
Clout, S. C., 8, Salisbury Road.
Cocks, C. E., 7, Droveway Gardens, St. Margaret's.
Cole, L. W., 14, Elms Vale Road.
Collins, J. F. W., 60, Bulwark Street.
Cook, R A., 1, Hortus Villas.
Cuff, R H., 19, Heathfield Avenue.
Davis, A. J., 110, Buckland Avenue.
Denton, H. C. B., Duke of York's RM. School.
Diack, A. E., 10, Priory Gate Road.
Donald, C. M., 179, Folkestone Road.
Donald, D. J., 179, Folkestone Road.
Doubleday, A. V., H.M.S. Veronica, c/o G.P.O., London.
England, W., Nanwell, Rounta Road, Eastbourne.
Ford, F. W., The Moorings, Herschall Road, Walmer.
Foster, R. N., Sandymount, River.
Frame, F. J., H.M.S. Fisgard, Portsmouth.
Frow, F. L., 20, Albert Road.
Galilee, J. A. M., Junior House, Wellingborough School, Northants.
Glogg, F., 26, Nightingale Road.
Gormley, C. H., 44, Downs Road, Walmer.
Gosby, W., 2, Priory Grove.
Greenstreet, F. W., 87, High Street.
Grinsted, D., 8, Thc Crescent, Sandgate.
Gunn, A. H., Sycamore Villa, Duke Street, Chelmsford,
Harman, K. P., 15, Lorne Road.
Harrison, A. C., 171, Folkestone Road.
Hausey, M. B., 279, Folkestone Road.
Haynes, E., 10, Coastguard Station. Sandgate.
Henney, A., c/o 14, London Road.
Hood. H. C., 1, Aberdeen Terrace. Blackheath. S.E. 3.
Hopkins, J., c/o 121, Buckland Avenue.
Hunt. H. W., 32, Cherry Tree Avenue.
Jarvis, A., c/o 10. Monins Road.
Jones. D. T., 83, Heythorp Street, Southficlds, S.W. 18
Laslett, J. E., Wallett's Court Farm, St. Margaret's.
Lewis, F. G., Hazel Dell, Thanet Road. Margate.
Lovely, R L., 21, Worthington Street.
Lovely, W. S., 3. Regent Villas. Salters Road, Gosforth.
Livings, E., 158, Snargate Street.
Marsh, H. W., 2. Fernside, Middle Deal Road. Upper Deal.
Morford, H., c/o Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China, 38, Bishopsgate, E.C.
Morgan, D., Standen Heath House. Newport. I.O.W.
Motley, A. E., Rose Va11ey. Gerringong, N.S.W., Australia.
Motley, W. E., 28. Cornwall Road, Walmer.
Musson. T. W. E., 33, Knight's Road, The Castle.
Newlyn. W. R., Hogbrook Farm, Alkham,
Newman. F. M., Station House. Liphook. Hants.
Norris. B. J., 95. Chart Road. Morehall, Folkestone.
Ott, F. J., 364941, Room 6, Block 9. Section 1, Bulback Barracks, Halton, Bucks.
Panter, F., The Fountain, London Road.
Parton, A. G., Box 44. Hastings, New Zealand.
Pennock, H., Pond Close Nursery, Temple Ewe]l.
Phillips, L. R., 150, Folkestone Road.
Pinkney. R. F., Rose Villa, Belmont Road, Westgate-on-Sea.
Plater. G. R. 82. Buckland Avenue.
Prescott, E. F., 11. Strond Street.
Richardson. T., jun., “Lynton”, Church Path, Deal.
Roberts, G. H., 39, King Edward Road, Northampton.
Romney, A. E., 15, Western Parade, Southsea.
Russell, E. J., 7. Beaconsfield Avenue.
Rycland, F. G., 26, Snargate Street.
Ryeland, F. J., 26. Snargate Street.
Sharpe. L. E., 104. Basingstoke Road, Reading.
Sparham, D. P., E.R.A.A. 712, Class A2. H.M.S. Fisgard. Portsmouth.
Spencer, J. E., 12, Old Church Road, Hollington, Sussex.
Standring. M. S., c/o 32, Castle Street.
Stokes, H. W., 70, Downs Road. Walmer.
Street. H. H., 34. Grecian Street, Maidstone.
Thacker, H. R, 22, Queen Street, Deal.
Tomlin, H. H., 29, Nunnery Fields, Canterbury.
Twyman, A., 33. High Street.
Wade. D. B., 2, Granville Street.
Watts, R G., Rhine Signal Corps, O.P.O.S. 40. Cologne.
Wellard, W. J. F., 149. Cambridge Street. S.W.
Wells, S. F., 69, Blenheim Road, Deal.
White, S. J., 159, Clarendon Place.
Wood, R J., 10, Snargate Street.
Worger, R. A., 65, Huddleston Road, Tufnell Park, N. 7.
Wren, D., 30, Minerva Avenue.
The period since the last issue of The Pharos has been largely taken up with the re-organisation of the London Branch of the Old Boys' Association, on the lines already set forth. This has now been completed. and the present Officers and Committee of the Association (which will in future be known as the Dover County Schools Old Students' Association. London) are as follows: -
President-F, Whitehouse, Esq., M.A.
Hon. Secretary - E. W. Pudney.
Hon. Treasurer - N. Bourdeaux.
Committee - G. C. Austin, L. F. Bromley, C. A, Hart.
The response to the appeal of the Committee has so far been very limited, but it is hoped that the following list of fixtures will attract a large and enthusiastic membership: -
14th April. Dance.
9th May. Ramble.
12th June. Tennis.
20th “ Cycling Picnic.
11th July. River Picnic.
31st “ Cricket Match at Dover - London Association v. Dover Association.
14th Aug. River Picnic.
19th Sept. Cycling Picnic.
13th Oct. Dance.
Armistice Sunday, Divine Service at St. Martins-in-the-Fields.
20th Nov. Theatre.
18th Dec. Dance.
Will members please note that the Secretary's address is now 52, Leyburne Road, Dover. He is. however, in London almost every day - 'Phone, City 183.
The School Football Season closed with a creditable win for the School over the Old Boys by 4 goals to 2. On paper, the Old Boys' team was superior to the School team, but lack of practice and opportunities of playing together prevented the former from justifying themselves.
In the first half, the School had the advantage of the slope and played good football to secure a two goals lead at the interval, both goals being obtained by Hunt. In the second half the Old Boys pressed and scored twice through Lawes. A rally on the part of the School produced two good goals scored by Betts. The Old Boys tried hard to reduce the lead, but the School defence frustrated their attempts.
For the School, Stanway, Tapley and Peyton were prominent in the defence, while Betts led the forwards well. For the Old Boys, Took played an excellent game at back.
A, C. QUINLAN.
Jan. 23 - Town, 5;
Country 1; Maxton, 0.
Feb. 3 - Town, 5 ;
Country, 6; Buckland, 0.
Feb. 20 - Town, 3;
Maxton, 3; Buckland, 2.
Mar. 3 - Town, 13;
Maxton, 3; Country, 0.
Jan. 23 -
Buckland, 7; Town, 1.
Country, 5; Maxton, 0.
Feb, 3 - Country,
11; Buckland, 3.
Town, 4; Maxton, 1.
Feb. 20 - Country,
3; Town, 0.
Buckland, 7; Maxton, 1.
Mar. 3 - Buckland,
2 ; Town, 1.
Country, 6; Maxton, 0.
Final House Positions.
P W. L. FOR AGST. PTS. CENT.
Country. .. 12 10 2 64 11 20 41.67
Maxton. .. 12 5 7 44 44 10 20.83
Town. .. 12 5 7 38 45 10 20.83
Buckland. .. 12 4 8 27 85 8 16.67
GAMES ACCOUNT on 16th March, 1926.
d £ s d
O.B.A., and extra sales Football Repairs .. .. 1 15 5
of Pharos .. .. .. 2 8 11 Grigg .., .. .. .. 0 12 0
Subsscriptions .. .. .. 35 4 6 Harris .. .. .. .. 0 17 0
From Trophies A/c .. .. .. 0 5 0 Fares .. .. .. .. 0 17 10
Cash in hand, 18/12/25 .. .. 3 0 4½ Teas to Teams .. .. 1 12 6
Cash at Bank, 18/12/25 .. .. 8 5 8 Peppin .. .. .. .. 0 2 6
Iron Foot .. .. .. 0 1 6
Reeder Trrophy .. .. 1 1 0
Hockey Balls .. .. .. 1 0 0
Secretary’s A/c and cheques .. 0 3 0
Dovorian Coaches .. .. 15 10 0
Training Centre .. .. 0 3 6
Unsold Hockey Sticks .. .. 2 1 9
Cash in Hand .. .. .. 2 5 9½
Cash at Bank .. .. .. 22 13 5
----- -------- ---- ----------
£49 4 5½ £49 4 5½
----- -------- ---- ----------
Audited and found correct, W. WILTON BAXTER,
W. H. DARBY. Hon. Treas.
LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY.
On Friday, 22nd January, S. T. Newing took the chair when Mr. Uncles gave his second lecture upon “Life in Ancient Greece.” This dealt with the early training of an Athenian boy who would go to school accompanied by a servant - the "pedagogus.” The servant carried the books and writing materials, and instructed the pupil in etiquette. If a man could show that his education had been neglected, he could refuse to support his parents in their old age. Music, poetry, the drama, athletics, boxing and wrestling formed the principal subjects in which the Athenian youth was instructed. At seventeen, he commenced a course of military training, and when that was completed he took the beautiful Greek Oath, a translation of which can be found in “Classical Gold” or the “Greek Anthology.”
Mr. Pearce took the chair on 5th February, when S. T. Newing (Upper VI. Science) gave a lecture and demonstration entitled "The Ether and the Propagation of Light and Heat,” The speaker gave a brief account of the transmission of longitudinal and transverse vibrations through a medium, and of the corpuscular, undulatory, electro-magnetic, and quantum theories of light, with the evidence for and against them. The Doppler effect was described, with its applications to Astronomy in determining the nature of Saturn's Rings and the relative motion of stars with respect to the Earth. The lecture concluded with a description of the mechanical theory of heat, and of Prevost's theory of exchanges.
A parliamentary debate was held on 19th February, when a “Nationalisation of Land” Bill was debated in committee, with Mr. Langley as Chairman of Committees. The principal speakers for the Bill were Mr. Darby, Newing, Garland; while Mr. Uncles, Carpenter, Jarrett, Trist and Shenton spoke against it. The speeches were quite good, but the burden of the speaking was borne by a comparatively small group of members, while the “cross-benchers” did not waver in opinion to any great extent. The Bill was carried in its entirety by two votes.
Mr. Uncles acted as chairman on 5th March, when Horn (V. Exam.) read a short paper on railway signalling. The attendance was poor. Horn explained the various systems of railway signalling by manual labour and mechanical devices, and the lecture proved quite instructive.
S. T. NEWING (Hon. Sec.).
1st CADET COMPANY C.P. (F.) R.E.
The special feature of this term's work has been the preparation of three candidates, C.Q.M.S. Sanders, Sgt. Smith and Cpl. Garland, for Certificate “A.” To qualify for this certificate is the first step to becoming an officer in the Regular or Territorial Army. Mr. Scarlett has given a course of invaluable lectures to the candidates and to those aspiring to take the examination next November. All three candidates came off with flying colours in the practical test held at Dover College towards the end of February, but the results of the theoretical paper have not been published at the time of writing.
Nowhere has enthusiasm showed itself more than at the N.C.O.'s weekly meeting. After each meeting Cpl. Garland has conducted a knotting class in fine style. Every N.C.O. now knows how to tie and use sixteen different knots and hitches. Cpl. Garland has done very well to set on foot the movement for increased specialised training in the Corps. I understand he is to continue with a musketry class; while all the younger N.C.O.'s are looking forward to getting a firm grasp of infantry drill under the guidance of none other than the C.Q.M.S. himself.
The renewed enthusiasm amongst the N.C.O.'s promises that the average cadet who goes to camp this year will be far more efficient than those of other years. The few parades the rain spared were the scene of busy signalling and knotting squads; the squad drill has certainly improved. Capt. Pearce is encouraging the new spirit by making future promotion competitive instead of by strict seniority; the full corporal made at the end of this term will be the lance-corporal who acquits himself best in a test in drill, signalling and knotting, as well as in showing a record of enthusiastic past services. May the renewed keenness bring us out on top in the second round of the “Lady West”!
The shooting at the Drill Hall has been much enlivened by the introduction of "spoon shoots.” Cadet Slarks, a recruit, won the first in capital style, but in the second the C.Q.M.S. showed the rank and file that N.C.O.'s could shoot too. Major Mowll also kindly invited Capt. Pearce to take a party to his lectures on “Coast Defence.” But forthcoming exams. keep us busy in the evenings, and we were only able to attend the first. That, however, was sufficient for Major Mowll to charm us all with his little flashes of wit, and to awaken in many an interest for at least one Latin author. His discussion on Caesar's generalship in Britain was admirable.
Despite the rain, we had one glorious Field Day in February. In place of the usual attack and defence, the company split up into two infantry platoons. One represented the rear-guard of an army retreating on Whitfield, the other the advance-guard of an army in pursuit. After concealing their movements until within a short distance of the enemy, the attackers were mowed down by Lewis-gun fire in an heroic charge across an open field. Muddy, wet at the knees, but happy, we returned, singing at the top of our voices; one bright trooper thought to bring a miniature pistol and nearly brought the ancient militia out of their graves with the din.
It has been the fullest and keenest term for many a day.
1st CADET COMPANY C.P. (F.) R.E. BALANCE SHEET
d £ s d
Balance brought forward .. .. 3 7 6 Cord .. .. .. .. 0 2 6
Sale of Uniform .. .. .. 1 5 7 Writing Pads, R.E. .. .. 1 5 6
Hire of Uniform .. .. .. 2 10 3 Sand Tray .. .. .. 1 5 0
General Expenses .. .. 0 6 1½
Balance .. .. .. .. 4 4 2½
----- -------- ---- ----------
£7 3 4 £7 3 4
----- -------- ---- ----------
Audited and found correct, W. E. PEARCE,
W. WILTON BAXTER. Hon. Treas.
We were sorry to lose our captain at the beginning of this term, but our best
wishes go with him, and I am sure his work for the House will not be forgotten.
We have now completed the season's football, and once more hold the first position. All matches this term have had moments of tense excitement, especially the long postponed matches against the “Reds,” in which both “Green” teams were successful; but the 1st XI. lost the return match. H. Stanway has played remarkably when in goal throughout the season, and has been appointed Vice-Captain; while R. Green has been invaluable in the half-back line. The 2nd XI. has won all possible matches, credit being due to Clements, who heads the list of goal scoring, to Miller and Wells, and the strong half-back line.
Much is due to enthusiasm for the House evident among the majority of the members, and it would be pleasing to see this continued throughout the cricket season. Boys should practise as often as possible during the holidays, both in cricket and in athletics. Long distance and short distance running will be arranged, and I hope many will be willing to take part, so that, with an effort, we may yet retain that position gained in football.
S. H. MORRIS.
The results of the House Matches this term have been very disappointing. We are, by far, the smallest House in the School, and great difficulty is experienced in picking two teams to represent the House. This difficulty has been increased by the slackness of some half a dozen boys who, I am sorry to say, are chiefly in the upper half of the School.
This slackness is ruining our prospects of wresting the shield from the "Greens.” There is good ability in the House, and we can do it if the teams will work together and think more of their House than of wasting their time in other directions. A great deal of enthusiasm has been shown by some of the youngest members in the House, in turning up to watch the matches, and they are to be congratulated on their willingness to fill the vacancies in the teams.
The last match, with the Country House, proved to be the best game of the term. After a hard struggle we ran out victors by 3 goals to nil. Every player gave of his best; while, on the other hand, we must congratulate Stanway, whose excellent goalkeeping saved his side from a heavy defeat.
I should like to take this opportunity of congratulating Peyton, Trist and Harley on receiving their School colours. They all three deserved this honour, not only for playing in the School elevens, but also for the keenness they have shown in all branches of sport.
I would advise all those interested in cricket to get in as much practice as possible during the holidays. This applies more to the younger members of the House, who next term will be playing for a Challenge Cup.
In conclusion, I should like, on behalf of the House, to wish all success to F. G. Taylor, F. E. Taylor and Trott, who left us this term.
A. C. QUINLAN.
The position of the House continues to improve, and despite our failures in the early part of the season, we have won five games since Christmas.
The 1st XI. has shown excellent form, having won every match this term. Buckland gave us a good game, despite the bad conditions of the ground, and the match was closer than the score suggests. Thanks to having the wind with us in the first half, we scored four goals against Maxton, who were beaten by 5 goals to 1. The combination of the forwards was a feature of a somewhat surprising game. Country gave us a hard fight, for both sides scored in the first half, but with the advantage of the slope in the second we scored twice. The return match with Buckland was so one-sided as to prove uninteresting. The two new members of the team, Anderson (back) and Latham (half-back), have proved their worth. Saunders has done good work in goal, but he should do even better when he is taller. Tapley has been the outstanding player of the eleven, and has shown much improvement on last year's form. Buckle would make a better centre-forward if he conquered a tendency to bring the ball back towards his own goal and to get offside; he has scored many goals, and his shooting is consistent.
The 2nd XI. have shown a corresponding improvement, and have put up a good show upon each occasion. White and Claw have improved considerably, and Johnson and Dewar have been the pick of the forwards, who have missed Tapley, sec. We are glad to hear that he is recovering from his illness. The prospects for the coming cricket season seem quite bright.
S. T. NEWING.
Both teams have shown a marked improvement this term, and although the 1st XI. have again failed to win a match the games have been keenly contested and the opponents' goals were less numerous - the latter fact being partly due to Connor's noteworthy efforts in goal. The game against the Reds was the best that the team has played this term, although both sides were obliged to play with one man short.
The 2nd XI. is as strong and as keen as last term, and has only suffered one defeat. I think the team will admit that they have received plenty of vocal support. A close game, in which excitement waxed high among the supporters of both sides, was that played against the Town House 2nd XI., which, after a continuous struggle, resulted in a win for our team by 2 goals to 1.
Next term the cricket season begins, and I shall hope to see a large number of Dark Blues helping to roll the pitches in readiness for it. There is more in attending these rolling practices than just pulling a roller over the pitches, as they also indicate which members of the House are keen and willing to support the House.
The School Sports also take place in the early part of next term, and I should like to remind boys that they cannot hope to gain points for their House unless they start training soon.
E. M. SMITH.
F. G. TAYLOR. - School Prefect; 1st XI. Football,
1925; 2nd XI.
Cricket, 1924-25; Maxton House, 1st XI. Cricket and Football.
G. F. GEDDES. - Maxton House, 1st XI. Football and Cricket; Lce.-Cpl. and Coy. Sig., Cadet Corps.
D. J. DONALD. - Sergt., Cadet Corps.
C. M. DONALD. - Lce.-Cpl., Cadet Corps.
W. R. P. HORN. - Town House, 1st XI. Cricket and Football; Cpl., Cadet Corps.
L. C. J. GUY. - Maxton House, 1st XI. Cricket and Football; Sergt., Cadet Corps.
P. A. TAYLOR - Town House, 1st XI. Cricket and Football; Lce.Cpl., Cadet Corps.
F. H. C. Goodwin. - Maxton House, 2nd XI. Football.
F. E. TAYLOR. - Maxton House, 2nd XI. Football.
H. CUTTS. - Country House, 2nd XI. Football.
H. F. CLARK. F. H. STOCKWELL. M. L. MCCRACKEN.
M. V. F. CLAYSON. A. G. MUNNS.
Form Va. - Dilnot (2), Fox (2), Horn, A.
“ Vr. - Chase, Clements, Lester.
“ IVa. - Bach (2), Peters (2), Castle, Belsey.
“ IlIa. (L) - Bird (2), Crofts (2), Goodridge (2), Moseling (2), Sparham (2), Martin, Carpenter, Darby, Taylor, Tombleson.
“ IlIa. (ii,) - A. Castle (2), Pittock (2), Appleby, Jones, Scott, Quinnell.
“ IIlc. - Caspall, Deverson, Youden.
“ lIa. - J. Cooke (2), Kemp (2), Mumford (2), Thompson (2), White (2), Bussey, Harrisson, Kenton, Newman, Salmon, Ware, G. Sharpe, Bingham, Kalfuss,
D. Sharpe, Wake, Bowden.
“ IIb. - Fox (2), Marson, Boom, Gutsell, Merchant.
Form IIb. - Gauntlett, Hoskins.
“ Ia. - Allen (2), Capelli (2), Cockfield (2), Coulter (2), Dewar (2), Eade (2), Harrow (2), Hogben (2), Johnson (2), Mainwood (2), Merrifield (2), Ravensdale (2), Sharp (2), Simmonds (2), Smithen (2), Southey (2), Hearn, Profitt.
“ Ib. - Atkins (2), Hampshire (2), Tyrell (2).
“ Upper Trans. - Abbott (2), G. Bailey (2), White (2), Young (2), Milne (2), Brown, Hutley, Wise.
“ Lower Trans. - Cockfield (2), Slator (2), Watt (2), Pearce, Ewell, Kennedy.
“ Prep. - Browning (2), Tregilgas (2), Miller (2), P. E. Coles (2), Sneller, Arnold, P. C. Coles, Harman, Harrison, Scott.
Whan thatte ye holy-dayes were cam arose manie and eke valorous of oure forbears. And they didde confere togedre and didde seye, “Nowe is it oure wille thatte ye appere as menne, in thatte ye shal eche oon tak onto you oon fayre ladye (ne shal ye nat tak mar thanne oon) and with her shalle ye hie onto ye citee halle and foote it feateouslie.” And on ye even appoyntid didde alle mak merrie and disport themselve til ye nyghte was farre spent.
Nowe whanne alle hadde retourned after ye vacaunces, lo! two knyghtes yclept Ygar and Troyal, and oon squyere highte Ralck hadde departed from us, and grete was ye gref of ye knyghtes. And ye puissant Overlorde didde appoynt oon Irknean to be a knyghte and to be for an ensample to ye lessere fry.
Now ye knyghtes and squyeres and eke serteyn of ye henchmen arose and didde go aboute to pleye at “okkeye,” a verray parlous pleye. Butte manie ne onderstoode nat ye same, and didde thinke thatte ye game was that yclept “golfe,” wherfor were they rebuked.
Thanne arose ye puissant Overlorde and didde addresse ye knyghtes, squyeres and henchmen, "Nowe wole we gyrde up our loynes and hie us onto Caunterburie eke as oon Chaucer didde bifor us.”
Now arose greate argument amounge ye knyghtes who this Chaucer myte be. Butte oon knyghte (may his name live alway) arose and spak thus: “Brethren, methinks this Chaucer was a poete and didde mak verses in wryting. Yea, a poete of passing grete renoun. Lette us rede what he hath wryt.” And ye knyghtes bigan to rede what Chaucer had wryt, butte ye weye was harde and oft didde they stomble.
Nowe they whiche went with this Chaucer to Caunterburie didde eche telle two tayls as they wente and othere two as they retourned. Nowe ye nombre of ye knyghtes, squyeres and henchmen is fowre hondred. Wherefor yf eche maun telle foure talys, ye knyghtes will be ennuyed by ye tardie yet gentil viage by ye yron road.
Ther is amonge ye nombre of ye squyeres oon whiche aspireth to be ye successoure of ye grete Onswer, ye Scrybe, ye Purveyor of Grymumer, for he doth afflyct ye knyghtes and his comrades ye squyeres daylie, nay manie tymes eche daie, with punnes abomynable; and for his name, lette it notte be spak by ye worthie, it shal reste in oblivioun.
And oon Lorde didde harangue ye Cesenic upon ye firstc neede of ye mathematicien.. Woldest thou lerne ye same, go, inquyre of ye Cesenic.
Of ye wyrkes of ye parlement and eke of divers othere matteres, space lats me to telle, but are they notte wryt, with ye reste of ye aktes of ye knyghtes and squyeres in ye boke “Pharos”?
DRAGNAL YE SCRYBE.
AN ATTACK ON A CATERPILLAR.
As I was digging in my garden some time ago, I saw a little green caterpillar wriggling across the ground as quickly as it could.
I watched it, and soon found out why the little creature was in such a hurry. About a dozen ants were chasing it; then, as if by magic, crowds and crowds of ants joined in the pursuit.
Soon the poor caterpillar was overtaken by the host of ants. When the ants got to it they got on the caterpillar's back, and in the end stung it to death.
Then they pulled the dead body to pieces, and about four or six ants took a piece away between them to their nest. It was a curious sight; it seemed as though some of the ants were guarding, while the others were pulling the caterpillar to pieces. As quickly as they came, the ants disappeared and there was soon not one of them to be seen.
D. DEWAR (IIIa. ii.).
A HOLIDAY ON THE BROADS.
One of the most enjoyable holidays it is possible to have may be spent yachting on the Broads. These consist of lakes situated in Norfolk and Suffolk, joined up by slow-running rivers; and there are over two hundred miles of navigable waterways.
Wroxham and Potter Heigham are the two chief villages on them, and from these any type of vessel from a punt to a wherry may be hired.
A typical day on the Broads is as follows: - After we have cooked and eaten breakfast, the sails are hoisted, the mooring ropes unloosed, and one starts gliding smoothly and silently past meadow, marshland, woodland and moor dotted with windmills used for draining the country; until one reaches a secluded dyke for dinner. After the meal, which is always welcome, an hour may be spent fishing for perch, roach, bream or pike; these, however, are not eaten by most people, for the fresh-water fish-pike excepted - have an offensive flavour, tasting somewhat of mud.
The sails are then set again, and one makes for the destination intended for the night. On arrival the sails are stowed and the evening meal is prepared. The rest of the day may then be spent fishing; while a stroll to the village store for provisions, etc., is often necessary. Many of the yachts have now had wireless sets installed, and these are switched on in the evening; others have portable gramophones, and several couples may be seen dancing to the strains of jazz music on the flat tops of the large houseboats.
Many artists visit the Broads, for there are many beauty spots, Ranworth and Womack Broads particularly, and often herons are seen; while the reeds with which most of the dykes are bordered abound in coot and hern, and in several places are wild swans. The Broads are one of the very few places in England where swallow-tailed butterflies are sometimes seen.
This district is the home of the fisherman, yachtsman, naturalist and sportsman after wild-fowl; and a holiday on the Broads, besides being very enjoyable, is also healthy. restful and peaceful.
A. W. TAYLOR (IVa.).
To the Editor of "The Pharos."
One experiences a certain amount of shyness when submitting an article for this Magazine, and a feeling akin to stage-fright pervades one at the sight of his name in print at the end of his first accepted contribution. I think this discourages many who, if they felt sure that their identity was masked under a pen-name, would write good, out-of-the-rut articles. Therefore, Mr. Editor, I should like to ask if we are allowed to write under noms-de-plume.
Of course we are familiar with “Indignant,” “Pedestrian” and “Mother of Seven,” who write letters every day to the London newspapers, and who rarely say good of anything. But in a community such as ours, a nom-de-Plume would serve rather to bring out the good in each individual boy than as a means of hurling spite at somebody else.
As at present, the custom of each boy putting his form after his name should be retained. One might easily think that a sixth form article came from somewhere much lower down in the School, were not sufficient indication affixed.
Much can be said in favour of the nom-de-Plume, and I think there are others who agree with what I have said.
O. G. SHENTON (VI. Arts).
(Contributions written over a nom-de-Plume will always be accepted, if good enough, provided the writer's name and form are given for reference, though not for publication. - ED., Pharos.)
THE DEAL TOWN HALL.
Built on massive concrete pillars, the Town Hall reminds one of Deal's early founding by the Romans; besides this, it contains many other proofs of it.
On entering. one comes to the Market Hall, used in medieval times for the exchange of goods; now it is used for auction sales. One finds, lying at the back of the market, the Police Court and cells, which have been erected in later times.
Above these are the Law Courts, the Museum and the Committee Rooms. The whole Hall is decorated with large pictures of the mayors and great men who have distinguished themselves during their lives at Deal.
The Law Courts show signs of early origin, except the old dock, which has lately been replaced. Space for five or six hundred people is provided by the Hall at the back of the Law Courts.
After having inspected the Museum, we come to the conclusion that Deal is one of the oldest towns along the coast of Kent. Bones, coins, pottery and other antiques date back before the Roman Invasion; many of these have been found in the grounds of Deal people, and have been kindly lent to the Museum as records. An olden-time ship has been made by a skilled carpenter of Deal, showing the type of boat used by the Romans.
The Council Chamber is not part of the old Town Hall, for it was erected in after years.
Many other buildings go to prove that Deal has a very ancient origin.
A. VOIZEY (IVa.).
ON A PICTURE IN THE SCHOOL HALL.
The ship is
riding on the cold, grey sea;
greets the hearts that would be free;
of England's freedom-loving veins,
rock and bleak, infertile plains,
What peace was there for many years
there was a peace that calms all fears.
Fathers! your surmisings fond
IN SPRING DAYS.
The Spring days have come, and we are free to revel in April, the sweetest month of the year. Some will gather a crowd of admirers round them and ape the coffee-house loungers of Queen Anne's reign; others will board a Southern Railway train out of sheer love to see the world - surely nothing more. But give me a fresh day and an open road, and I'll walk and walk and never want to stop. Uncertain though they be, April days inflict no boisterous deluges; their soft showers lay the dust, which is the very curse of walking. So here's to April, the best of all the months to go a-tramping!
Dover may be "dismal Dover,” but what matter when all around is such alluring coast and country? Everything is there for us to capture the spirit of Nature; we have only to make up our minds to go. To choose a route is always a difficult problem, especially if you have not discovered what places suit your various moods. In my restless moments, I must be away on the cliffs or along the shore. Why is it that you always meet scores of people between Dover and St. Margaret's Bay, but between Dover and Folkestone you rarely meet a soul? I love to wander over these wilder, grander cliffs, to listen to the song of the wind and the seagulls calling. I would fain reach Gris Nez in a mighty leap, or stand on Fairlight Head which looms intriguingly beyond the haze of Dymchurch Bay and Dungeness - what quiet names arc these! Before me the sea-billows hasten shorewards to lose themselves in an ecstasy of laughing surf; behind, the steadfast Downs sweep close down to the sea, but never reach it: gaunt cliffs hold them from their doom. . . . What joy to clamber over beach and rocks, close up to the advancing tide, and feel the whole rhythm of the sea!
When, however, you are all a-tingle for a swinging walk, nothing beats the Downs. The soft rustle of the grass - how lightly you tread over the magic carpet! Then to hear the grit crunch, crunch, crunch, as you firmly step along the lanes. How in harmony the sound is with the munching noise of the sheep feeding in the next field; with yonder cart, too, that goes jogging off to the butcher, each of the pigs inside tickling his nose on the string of the net! Getting tired of these delights, I go rummaging away in the woods. O to be “happy thinking” in the silence of trees! What fantasies come crowding!
The countryside is entrancing in its beauty, but its many humours are too good to be missed. It is not necessary to dig out obscure villages in your search for the comic. One of the best devices is to sit on a main road fence and wait for something to turn up. Ah! here comes the very thing, coasting along leisurely. A party of seven in a Ford: mother in a great wide motoring bonnet; baby on her knee to save a seat; father smiling contentedly; the son at the wheel; Fido mixed up with the gears; the daughter and the eligible young man. . . . All uncomfortably trying to enjoy the scenery, all happy in a Ford, which, when we come to think of it, is the next best thing to a caravan.
Whether you go accompanied or unaccompanied on these rambles is purely a matter of fancy. It is sheer fascination to read how great vagabonds of literature contest the point Stevenson, Hazlitt, Sterne, to mention a few. But whoever newly finds delight in country wandering will suffer a great change. Life and books will take on a new light; he has answered the call of the woods, the valleys and the hills. Poetry will touch some hidden chord of sympathy and become part of his being. Though he tramp and tramp the old familiar ways, he will ever find something new to catch his fancy and inspire fresh thoughts. He is Nature's child and will say, with Landor,
"Nature I loved, and after nature, art."
THE HAUNTED COTTAGE.
Jane and John burst into the room where Edith was sitting, and cried simultaneously, “The Wrights' cottage is haunted!”
“Nonsense!” said Edith, looking up from her book and yawning. "Whatever tale will you kids come home with next?”
Meanwhile Jim had been busy at his books, but at that moment he asked: "What makes you think that the Wrights' cottage is haunted?”
"Well,” said John, "we haven't said anything before because we wanted to make sure, but we've somehow always hated passing it since it is so old and broken down, and the last few times we've heard ghostly noises coming out of it!”
“What are ghostly noises when they're at home?” laughed Jim.
“In this case it is the same one all the time - a long – drawn out ‘Hssh-h-h, hssh-h-h' repeated again and again.”
Edith became interested in spite of herself. The Wrights' cottage was in the lane, below the vicarage garden. Having fallen into a state of bad disrepair, it had been empty for a long time.
“I expect it's an old tramp gone in there to sleep, and that's his snoring you hear,” she suggested brightly.
“No, we're sure it isn't that,” said Jane. "We threw some stones in at the window and said, 'Come out, we know you're there.' But nothing happened; the noise went on as before.”
“We must go and investigate the matter,” said Jim. "Get a candle, and we will go and find the ghost.”
A few minutes later, armed with a big stick, he led the way with the lighted candle, the others following him as he went up the stone steps and pushed open the battered door.
They peered into the two downstairs rooms, but saw nothing there. Jim began to mount the rickety stairs leading to the one bedroom the place boasted.
He stood at the top and looked round. "Nothing doing here,” he said disappointedly.
“Are you sure?” asked John. "We'd better give a good look. . . Ah! what's that?” he whispered, pointing to the tiny grate. "Look, that blur of white down there! It moved - I'm sure it did!”
Jim turned the candle in that direction and gazed astonished, then burst out laughing. "Why, it's owls!” he said - “a nest of young white owls. A jolly good place, too. But I never knew owls made such weird noises before.”
“Well, anyhow, they scared us enough,” said John, laughing as they descended the stairs again.
“And spoiled our ghost story, too,” added Jane.
B. D. CARPENTER (IIIa. i.).
KENTISH MEN AND MEN OF KENT.
Some time back, in a train travelling from Margate to Dover, two men, who were in the same carriage as I, began to argue as to whether they were “Kentish men” or “men of Kent.” At the time I could see no reason why a man born in Kent should be favoured with the name of "man of Kent “instead of “Kentish man.” Apparently, however, there is a difference.
One authority tells us that the "men of Kent “are those born within the limits of the diocese of Canterbury, while "Kentish men” are those born within the limits of the diocese of Rochester. The more probable is that the “men of Kent “are those born east and south of the Medway, while “Kentish men “are those born to the north and west of that river. The latter version might be considered historical as well as geographical, for, according to some records, the eastern part of Kent was settled by Gothic and the western by Frisian tribes. Hence rivalry due to unfair division of the land may have been the original cause of the distinction.
V. WRAIGHT (Lower VI.)
DEAL ON SATURDAY NIGHT.
Dull and dreary, drab and solemn at other times, a new Deal is born on Saturday night. Whence come these teeming crowds, and where do they hide all the week? I suppose it is, and always will be, one of life's little enigmas. Brawny miners with toddling infants, rosy-cheeked wives loaded with shopping, stroll along the High Street, their mouths agape, to the blatant accompaniment of "Evenin' Speshul,” while fishermen can be heard giving, in raucous voices, their version of how Deal Town really lost the football match. Yokels, obviously in from the country for a night out, and in still more obvious “Sunday best,” stand in little knots at street corners, looking red and flustered. Schoolboys, perky little cherubs (to people who are not acquainted with them), released from the tyrannies of homework, delight in mingling with the crowd, trying to attract the attention of all the pretty girls they see. Some, conspicuous in their school caps and uncomfortable in their stiff collars, are escorting their fair charges to the cinema, to the obvious chagrin of others; while business men, with evening papers in their hands, strut jauntily down the streets, trying to appear wholly oblivious to the fact that this is Saturday night, the one night of open shops and light-hearted gaiety. Cyclists, by acrobatic contortions, manage to steer through the chaotic muddle of cars, carts, perambulators and barrows; while at the street corner a roadside preacher exhorts empty space.
The reek of fish, mingled with the perfume of dying flowers from a vendor nearby, ascends to the heavens, while gas-lamps hum, and the mob goes by.
Let us turn our steps towards the sea, and a far different aspect is seen. An impenetrable cloak of gloom broods over the beach, save where a yellow lantern throws its fitful beams.
The fishermen are not released from work on Saturday night, when the City's hungry multitudes need fish for Sunday breakfast. These toilers of the deep silently draw up their boats, and shining sprats are hurled far into the air, as the nets are shaken out. Coarse oaths; the smell of tar; the creaking of hawsers; the derisive hoot of a ship's siren; and the world goes on.
A. TURNER (VI. Sc.).
Wake, you flowers, from your earthly bed;
I. C. AUSTIN (IIIa. i.).
JUNIOR SCHOOL NOTES.
It has been seriously suggested that the activities of the Junior School have increased, are increasing, and ought to be diminished. On the other hand, some parents are begging us to give the boys more work to do at home. An endeavour to please everybody has resulted in fresh outbreaks, which have taken the form of an Elocution Competition, and - Shades of Jubal! - a School Band. May this opportunity be taken of thanking parents for their kindly co-operation in this matter? We are trying to prevent their being rewarded by undue noise in the home.
The Elocution Competition aroused considerable interest among the boys, and preliminary “heats” were necessary. Mrs. Ethel Clout very kindly acted as adjudicator, and to her we owe our best thanks. The successful competitors were Tyrell (Ib.), Bradley (Ia.), and Watt (Lower Trans.), who came first in two classes, one prize therefore falling to P. E. Coles (Prep.). The Head Master, with his customary generosity, provided prizes, which were appreciated the more as none were looked for.
Football! The outstanding event took place on 2nd March, when we defeated “Harvey” by 11 goals to 1. Really the football field is not large enough for us when we are all present; but there is air in plenty, which is more than we can say of some buildings we know - but that is another story.
A TRIP TO THE RHINE.
In August, 1923, I went with my parents to Cologne for a holiday. We left Dover by the eleven o'clock boat, and reached our destination about two o'clock the next morning.
Cologne is a fine city, with a beautiful Cathedral called the Dom, the spires of which rise high above the city. The trams, which are single-deckers with trailers, run in a circle, and there is one fare for any distance. When we first rode on them the fare was 400,000 marks, but when we left the charge was double. Some of the streets are very wide, with gardens down the middle, and there are some fine monuments to be seen.
We went one day to a village called Godesberg, passing through Bonn, the University City of the Rhine. At Godesberg there is an ancient tower, which is the main attraction, and from the top of which one gets a magnificent view of the Rhine.
On another occasion we visited the Drachenfels, which is a ruined castle on the opposite bank.
We also went for a trip on the Rhine in a motor boat. On the hilly slopes grapes are grown from which the Rhine wine is made. We passed under the famous Hohenzollern Bridge and through the Bridge of Boats, a pontoon bridge, sections of which open to allow traffic to pass.
L ABBOTT (Upper Trans.).
Last year I went to France to learn the language. I went to school and was shown to the Head, who was called M. Dennel, an elderly-looking man, who hoped that I would pick up their ways quickly (which I did not!). We started on the first of October. We were told to come at eight sharp, but started work at half-past ten. This performance lasted for two days. When we went into class, my new master, M. Leroy, showed me my place. The desks were all joined together, and we started work. Time dragged on; history lesson came. During all this time the boys were chattering and laughing.
"Taisez-vous, vauriens!” After this the master went out of the room. It was then that the fun began! Boys got out of their places and began playing with others. Pieces of paper were flying about the room; a bottle of ink was upset over the master's desk. In the middle of all this the master came in. "Qu'est ce que c'est, tout ce potin?” he bellowed. Boys flew to their desks, helter skelter, tumbling over each other in the scurry. "Je ne peux pas laisser cette classe une seule minute, sans que vous croyiez que c'est un jardin d'ours!”
The masters are not allowed to cane the boys, but lines come down by the hundred on their backs.
But, oh my! What a funny school! They have no prayers, they have no drill master to teach them how to swim, and no sports grounds to play football or cricket. But you have enough homework! Oh, yes! And lessons to learn! The school hours are very long - would you believe it? from 7.30 to 11.30, and from 1 to 4; then half-an-hour's break and prep. till 6 p.m. Boys are nearly dead with fatigue after the day's work.
M. E. HEARN (IA.).
NEST BOXES FOR THE GARDEN.
In the winter we hang up boxes for the birds. You can put them in the trees or on the wall of the house. If you put a perch in the box, it is almost certain that the sparrows will adopt it. If you want the tits to build in any of them, hang up boxes without a perch. If you are a good carpenter, have a slanting roof, so that you can open it, and look in to see if any of the birds have made a nest. The box when finished should not be painted in bright colours. Use a little blacking and water, and then some garden soil rubbed over the wet surface. Then the box looks as if it had been exposed to wind and weather for years, and the birds, instead of being alarmed by its glaring colours will think that it has been in that position for a long time, only they haven't seen it before. If you can cover the front with real or imitation bark, that is perhaps the best covering. At most woodyards where trunks of trees are sawn up, the bark is stripped off, and a sackful can be bought for a few pence.
D. TREGILAS (Prep.).
ST. RADIGUND'S ABBEY AND GRAVE.
St. Radigund's grave is at St. Radigund's Abbey, at Poitiers, in France.
St. Radigund's Abbey is an old church with many fine carvings and arches. On one side is a hollow; at the bottom of the hollow are footmarks.
At both ends of the hollow are painted statues - one represents our Lord, the other St. Radigund praying. The footmarks are supposed to be those of our Lord when He was stepping forward to bless St. Radigund. There is a box placed in one of the footmarks, where people put money.
At the end of the church is a little vault where, in the middle, lies St. Radigund's tomb: her tomb is supported by short marble pillars, leaving a space in between. On the top of the tomb is a sort of roof of wood with about fifty holes for candles. The candles are about one foot and a half long and one inch and a half in diameter at the bottom and half an inch at the top.
These are always kept alight. The people sometimes buy candles and put them in a hole that is empty. A queer custom of the Catholics is to walk round the tomb, saying their prayers, and to bend down and go under the tomb, as there is a space in between the pillars.
I. P. WATT (Lower Trans;).