No. 66. MARCH, 1931. VOL. XXI.

FIAT LUX.

CONTENTS.

Notices   Valete
Summer Term, 1931   Examination Successes
Editorial   Merit List
Parents’ Association   Notes from Ladywell
O.B.A. Notes   Gleams and Flashes
House Notes   Ye Chronicle
School Football   Careers
Rugby Football   Taking the Long View
Sports Account on 19th March, 1931   Iona
Cadet Notes   A visit to tile Schoolboys Exhibition
D.C.S. Cadet Corps Balance Sheet   Snow Scenes
Library Notes   The Life History of Butterflies and moths
Dramatic Society   The Shepherd
Sixth Form Debating Society   A Winter’s Morning
The Musical Society    Cadets
The Pharos Meccano Club    Camp, 1931

NOTICES.

  The next number of The Pharos will appear about 27th July. Contributions must be submitted to the Editor not later than 6th July.
  We acknowledge with thanks Ruym (Chatham House County School, Ramsgate), The Ashfordian, The Langlonian, The Harveian and The Erithian.
  Copies of the current issue of The Pharos, or of back numbers which are in stock may be obtained from the Editor, price 9d.
  The Editor would be glad to have the names and addresses of Old Pharosians and others who would like to receive copies. The Pharos is now issued free to all members of the Old Boys’ Association.
  Extra copies of the photograph of the new School Buildings are for sale, price 2d.

SUMMER TERM, 1931.

    The Summer Term will begin on Thursday, 30th April, and end on Wednesday, 29th July. Holders of season tickets are asked to see that their railway passes are made out to cover both these dates.

EDITORIAL.

    Interest in the new School is still maintained, and, by the time these notes are read, will probably have been increased. The suggestion that parties of boys should be taken on tours of inspection of the buildings has been received with enthusiasm and, if circumstances permit, will be carried out before the end of term. As the actual building site has, up to the present, been out of bounds, there is naturally much curiosity about the interior. When this has been satisfied, the next phase will be the eagerness to enter into the "promised land." The building of the gymnasium will probably be commenced before Easter, and the prospects of starting work in our new environment at the beginning of next autumn term grow brighter daily.
    Several good causes have engaged our attention this term. An appeal on behalf of the Kent Playing Fields Association resulted in a substantial subscription being sent to that organisation. Later in the term, Mr. G. K. Tattersall put before the senior boys the aims of Joe H., and set forth the opportunities for service it afforded to boys on leaving school and on 14th March, Mr. George A. Tunes, Regional Organiser for the League of Nations Union, gave a short, hut convincing address on the objects of the League.
    On 16th March, the reading of the extract, similarly dated, from Captain Scott’s diary took place as it has done annually for some years. Thus we commemorate that "very gallant gentleman," Captain Oates, and are also reminded of one of our own benefactors, Captain (now Major ) G. R. Rowe, whose work for the School is still remembered and whose interest, we believe, is still maintained.
 

PARENTS’ ASSOCIATION.

    The work of the Executive Committee of the Association has been considerably lessened during the period that has elapsed since the last notes appeared, owing to the fact that, for various reasons, the 1930 Christmas Parties were not held.    The question of holding the parties this year is a matter for further consideration, bearing in mind that there may be some opportunity for a special celebration, seeing that the new school is likely to open in the near future.
    We should like to offer our congratulations to E. H. B. Martin and H. G. Hopkins. Their success at the recent examination fully upheld the tradition of the School, and their future careers will be watched with interest.
    Will members kindly note that their subscriptions are now due, and I shall be pleased to receive them, and also the names of any intending new members.

F.J.L.

O.B.A. NOTES.

    Membership to date stands at 108 and there are still some 30 of last years members who have not as yet renewed their subscriptions. I trust that these will now be sent along without
further delay. All Members are reminded that subscriptions again fall due on 1st April.
    Membership cards will be issued in the coming year.
    The Annual General Meeting will be held on Thursday, 9th April at 7.30 p.m. in the old School for the last time, and members are earnestly requested to come along.
    The Annual Re-union held at the Town Hail on 27th December last was a great success, thanks to the untiring efforts of our Dance Secretary, Mr. R. Cuff. Some 287 people were present, which, I believe, constitutes a record in the history of the Association.
    Congratulations are offered to the following:-
    E. R. Gambrill, married on 7th January at the Wesleyan Church, Lewes, to Miss Mavis Newling of Lewes.
    L. G. Rigden, married on 16th March. at St. Mary’s Church, Dover to Miss Lily E. G. Drayner.
    N. Landrock, C. F. Lamidey and C. M. Donald, on examination successes, recorded on another page.
    The Head Master has heard from John W. West, who joined the School twenty-five years ago. He has taken the London Arts Degree with honours in Geography, and is now on the staff of St. Albans School. He has had his memories of Dover revived by Mr. Coase who left us for St . Albans at Christmas.
    A. W. Salmon writes that he is getting on well at Sandhurst. He came second in a mile race out of 46 runners, has played soccer for an R.M.C. XI., and has boxed for his Company Team.
    E. W. Pudney sailed in January to take tip an appointment as accountant under the Public Works Department of the Gold Coast.
    Herbert Fisher has been appointed Head Master of St. Michael’s School Maidstone.
    Wilfred Sergeant has secured a post in Messrs. W. H. Smith and Sons’ Advertising Department.

G. E. HARROW

Re-Union Account, 1930.

RECEIPTS. £   s.   d.       EXPENDITURE. £   s.   d.  
35 Tickets at 5s., including
transport from Deal
15 0 Orchestra 4 5 0
227 Tickets at 4s 45 8 0 Bus 2 10 0
Decorations 3 3 0
Refreshments 19 13 0
Printing 1 12 0
Hire of Hall, etc 9 3 0
Cloakrooms 0 18 0
Cartage, Postage, Tips, etc. 1 4 6
Credit Balance  11 14 6
£54 3 0 £54 3 0
Audited and found correct, R. B. CUFF, Secretary,
P. CONNOR 27th January, 1931.
30th January, 1931

Old Pharosians’ Football Club.

    The Club has experienced its best season since its formation three years ago.
    The results of all matches, played up to 14th March, are:-

            Goals.
      Played  Won. Drawn. Lost For Ag’st.
League..   21 14 1 6 74 39
Cup   2 1   1 6 5
Friendly   1     1 1 5
               
Total    24 15 1 8 81 49

    The club at present holds third position in the league table of fifteen clubs.
    A successful Smoking Concert was held on 13th December, and a Social and Dance on 28th February.

R. RUSSELL.

HOUSE NOTES.

Buckland House.

    This term the House has been very much more successful at football than in the previous term, and has obtained more points than any other House. The success of the 1st XI. is largely due to the strength of the attack, which is backed up by a keen defence. The 2nd XI. has a strong defence, but the attack does not make the most of its opportunities. It is unfortunate that we did not show the same form last term, for had we done so, we should now hold a commanding lead in the fight for the Shield.
    It is not too late yet, however and if members of the House will make up their minds to train seriously for the Athletic and Swimming Sports, we may recover our lost ground. There will be opportunities for training at Astor Avenue in the Easter Holidays, and all members of the House are expected to take advantage of this. If they will do so, there is no reason why we should not repeat our Sports victory of 1930.

J.A.P.

Country House.

    At the end of the year’s football, we again find ourselves runners-up to Town. Last year Country and Town occupied the same relative positions with six points separating them. As a result of the steady play of the 2nd XI, and a marked improvement in that of the 1st XI. towards the end of the season, the margin has this year been reduced to two points. The 1st XI. attack, although subjected to constant modification through illness in the team, was more thrustful, and the defence more confident than in the matches of last term. Taking into consideration the fact that we defeated Town in three out of the four matches played, it may be gathered that, on the whole, we were rather unlucky not to finish at the head of the football table.
    By the time these notes are printed, the East Cup Competition will have been decided. I think that the Greens’ team should do well.
    It should be remembered that Sports Day will soon be here training for this event should start immediately. Arrangements will be made for holiday training.
    In conclusion, I recommend all Greens to swim as much as possible during the Summer Term. There is much truth in the proverb "Practice makes perfect."

H.G.H.

Maxton House.

    Since the number of outstanding players has decreased, the House is finding difficulty in meeting opponents with a good team, mainly because the team has not relied sufficiently upon combination in the past and now finds it has a difficult lesson to learn. The loss of Profitt and Salmon is keenly felt. In the last match against Country, however, the forwards worked much better than on previous occasions, anti frequent passes to Oliver, who is developing ability for breaking through, pressed the Greens. Rhodes, Roebuck and Oliver have been invaluable members of the team, and Milne is becoming an excellent goal keeper.
    The 2nd XI. has been even less fortunate than the first, and here again the lack of combination is the primary cause.
    If these remarks are to bear fruit, they will do so in the future, and this term’s football is only important in so far as it teaches us a lesson.
    The East Cup team shows promise. If keenness counts, the House should do well, especially in the Sports. ‘We must remember that an outlet for this enthusiasm is to be found in running practice during the holidays, and swimming practice as soon as the Baths are opened.

H.C.B.

Town House.

    Although this term's football results are not quite so good as last term’s, the House has managed to gain first place in the football table for the second successive year. The 1st XI. just managed to beat Maxton, but lost to Country with a weakened team, while a keenly-contested game with Buckland ended in a draw. After holding the lead for the greater part of the game, Town had to concede a goal shortly before the end, after many attacks by Buckland. The 2nd XI. played quite well throughout the term, winning two matches, but losing against Country with nine men and one reserve. Ovenden has proved a useful addition to the 2nd XI and the forward line as a whole has shown promise.
    Our East Cup team has two or three outstanding players, and, if it plays together as a team, and does not resort too much to individual play, there is a good chance of winning the Cup.

    Since we have already travelled a good way along the road to the Shield, a special effort should he made to improve upon our lowly position of last Sports Day. To this end, training should commence as soon as possible, and arrangements will be made for running practices in the holidays.
    Swimmers and cricketers should also attempt to practise, since it is only by consistent effort that the best results can be obtained.

M. E W.

SCHOOL FOOTBALL.

    The only School matches this term have been those against Chatham House, the games with Wye College and the Old Boys being cancelled. The 1st XI was much weakened by the absence of Salmon, his shooting being sadly missed.
    The games with Chatham House were keenly contested, and our opponents finally won owing to their superior combination. The second game was spoilt, somewhat, by the conditions, but with better shooting we should certainly have won. Individually our defence played well, and Vosper proved himself a strong defender. Most of the goals against us have been scored when our defence was out of position. The members of the defence must gain a complete understanding amongst themselves if they are to keep their goal intact. The half backs must also learn to support the forwards better; it is not enough to clear the ball and wait for the forwards to score, their job is to draw an opponent, and then to pass to an unmarked forward.
    The attack has not been satisfactory this term, neither shooting sufficiently nor showing much combination.
    The complete 1st XI record for the season is as follows:-

        Goals.
Played  Won. Drawn. Lost For Ag’st.
12 7 1 4 46 31

    The chief goal-scorers were:- Salmon 22, Paterson 12, Profitt 7.
    The 2nd XI won both games against Chatham House after a close struggle. In this team, Andrews has improved considerably, and has shown himself to be a sound goalkeeper. The backs and halves defend well, but do little to assist the attack. Of the forwards, Hampshire and Hogben have been most dangerous, the latter easily being top goal-scorer.
    The 2ndl XI record is:-

        Goals.
Played  Won. Drawn. Lost For Ag’st.
10 6 2 2 32 30

    On the whole, these results are quite satisfactory, and the School has maintained its usual high standard of football.

J. A. PATERSON.

SCHOOL FOOTBALL RESULTS.

1st XI.

Feb. 4th, at Astor Avenue - D.C.S. 3; Chatham House School 6.
Mar. 7th, at Ramsgate - Chatham House School 3; D.C.S. 2.

2nd XI

Feb. 4th, at Astor Avenue - D.C.S. 6; Chatham House School 4.
March 7th, at Ramsgate - Chatham House School 1; D.C.S. 2.

House Football Results.

1st Xl.’s.

Jan. 17th - Buckland 2, Country 1, Maxton 0, Town 1.
Feb. 7th - Buckland 7, Maxton 2, Country 2, Town 0.
March 4th - Buckland 1, Town 1; Country 5, Maxton 5.

2nd XI.’s.

Jan. 17th - Buckland 2, Country 1; Maxton 1, Town 5.
Feb. 7th - Buckland 6, Maxton 0; Country 2. Town 0.
March 4th - Buckland 2, Town 3 ; Country 4. Maxton 1.

East Cup.

First Round. - Maxton 2, Buckland 0; Country 6, Town 3.
Final - Country 10, Maxton 0.

House Football Table.

            Goals.
      Played  Won. Drawn. Lost For Ag’st. Points
Town   12 8 1 3 34 26 17
County   12 7 1 4 33 20 15
Buckland   12 5 1 6 37 24 11
Maxton   12 2 1 9 19 53 5

RUGBY FOOTBALL.

    Rugby football has been one of the chief activities on the sports field this term. Attempts have been made to introduce it for the past two years, without much success, but it seems that now, with our own ball, posts and ground, it has come to stay.
    However, despite these excellent facilities, there are less than forty who are learning to play, and it is to be hoped that this number will be increased next season, more especially by members of Form IV. Let me say that although Rugby is a very strenuous game, it is really no more dangerous to play than the Association game, and there is no reason why a boy of 14 or 15, even if slightly undersized, should not take part. In order to foster enthusiasm among these box’s, a match will probably he held towards the end of the term for Form IV. only.
    Practice matches have been held chiefly, as there are naturally many faults to eradicate, and the standard of play is rapidly improving. The Cadets v. School match resulted in a win for the latter by 14 points to nil, despite the much weightier scrum of the Cadets. E. Smith scored two tries for the School, while Paterson and Hearn crossed the line once each, and C. Smith converted one of the tries. The Cadets are hoping to reverse this decision in the return match.
    It has already been noticed that Tyrell, Tapley, Newman and Blackford, of the forwards, Martin and Vosper at half, and Hearn and C. W. Smith at three-quarters have shown decided promise, while Goodfellow has been a tower of strength at full back.
    Finaly our thanks are clue to Mr. Pearce and Mr. Healing for the way they have refereed the matches and their readiness to impart their knowledge to the players.

W. M. E. WHITE.

SPORTS ACCOUNT ON 19th MARCH, 1931.

CREDIT.

£   s.   d.  

DEBIT.

£   s.   d.  
8th Dec., '30 - Cash at Bank 0 12 9 6th Dec., '30 - George, for cartridges 0 6 0

                       Cash in hand

4 13 6 8th Dec., '30 - Dewar, ribbon for shield 0 3 5
5th Feb., '31 - Subscriptions 33 17 6 16th Dec., '30 - Secretary's postage 0 4 2
18th Mar., '31 - Parents' Association
to Pharos
1 8 6 19th Mar., '31 - Harris, photos for Pharos 0 2 6
18th Mar., '31 - O.B.A and extra sales
of Pharos, less expenses
3 6 4 19th Mar., '31 - Grigg 3 11 9
19th Mar., - Balance due to Treasurer 3 10 3 19th Mar., '31 - Grigg 40 8 0
Teas to Visiting Teams 2 13 0
£47 8 10 £47 8 10
Audited and found correct. W. WILTON BAXTER,
W. H. DARBY Hon. Treasurer
19th March, 1931

CADET NOTES.

    As is usual in the Spring Term, cadet activities have been limited to a certain extent by light and weather. It is therefore gratifying to find that, in those activities which have been possible, much enthusiasm has been shown, possibly because any of the weaker brethren fell out during the transition from Royal Engineers to British National Cadets. The band has been specially keen, as their two and three practices a week would suggest, and we are sure that Camp standards are being maintained.
    A field day was cancelled on account of the rain, and though on the day arranged the weather cleared, the state of the ground would have made manoeuvres very difficult and very expensive (in uniforms). Perhaps the loss of rifles may prove a blessing in disguise eventually, because of necessity, future field days will be more interesting than hitherto from the point of view of tactics, and section commanders will have to see that the whole plan is understood and studied if field days are to remain as popular as ever. If these lines are followed, there is no reason why these rather special activities should not appeal to recruits just as much as when they had the rather cumbersome carbines to carry. Greater concentration upon tactics should at least be welcomed by the upper part of the school.
    After the enthusiasm of last year’s Second Form, the poor show of interest in the junior forms has been very disappointing. Those who have realised that the Corps affords benefits to its members are very keen, and are working well under difficulties. Recruits at the junior School are particularly unfortunate since they are rather isolated from the rest of the Company, but next term special parades will be held at Astor Avenue.
    In sport the Corps is always occupied to some extent, and, though Rugby is now an official school game, more than half the players are Cadets. We were unfortunate, therefore, in losing against the School - the first match between two representative teams. Chingford now occupies a good deal of attention, and, though this year’s team does not seem to have reached the standard of last year’s, we stand a fair chance of making a good show.
    Though, by many, air guns are classified with catapults, the B.S.A. club rifle we have purchased has proved as accurate as any of the small bore rifles we formerly used at the Drill Hall, hut the grouping of five shots in the very small bull has yet to be accomplished. A Corps team is shortly to meet the Staff, and results are eagerly awaited.

    Promotions:-
    To Serjeant - Cpl. Ravensdale.
    To Corporal - Lce.-Cpl. White, Lce.-C.pl. Simmonds.
    To Lance-Corporal - Cadets Allen, Bailey, Andrew’s, Castle.

H.C.B.

D.C.S. CADET CORPS.

BALANCE SHEET. - Spring Term, 1931.

RECEIPTS.

£   s.   d.      

EXPENDITURE.

£   s.   d.  
Balance brought forwd 34 16 10½ Messrs. Potter and Co. 0 17 6
Uniforms 0 10 0 Messrs. Gunn 0 7 0
Messrs. Webber 0 4 6
Messrs. Giraud 0 7 6
S.M.R.C 5 8 0
Postage etc. 0 4 0
Balance in hand 27 18
£35 6 10½ £35 6 10½
Audited and found correct, W. E. PEARCE,,
A. B. CONSTABLE 18th March, 1931.
18th March, 1931

LIBRARY NOTES.

    It was my intention to give, in this issue, a description of the Library at the new School, but as the Magazine Committee has in mind the publication of a Souvenir Number, illustrated with photographs, in the near future, I must defer my account, which will be included, with other interesting articles, in that number.
    There is little to add this term, except that we have to acknowledge, with many thanks, further gifts, both to the Reference and the General Departments. At the same time, it is the duty of all who use the libraries to assist in avoiding losses, and to return books more promptly than has been the case in the past. We have allowed readers as much freedom as possible, but unless full and willing co-operation is shewn, further restrictions (which always tend to become vexatious as they increase) will have to be imposed.
    A word to those who find that the General Library has not met all their wishes. Will they please communicate with me direct, that I may assist them in getting books suited to their requirements? Inquirers will find me in the Library every Tuesday at break or immediately after dinner.

W. UNCLES, School Librarian.

ADDITIONS, SPRING TERM, 1931.

Reference Department.

Donation Copies.

R. W. AUSTIN-
    “Photocells and their Application” (Zworykin and Wilson).

A. W. SALMON-
    “Wireless Principles and Practice” (Palmer).
                    Copies purchased by the School.
    “The Life of Francis Place” (Graham Wallas).
    “History of the English People, 1815 - 30” (Halevy).
    “The Greville Diary” (Edited by Wilson). Vols. 1 and 2.

General Library.

Donation Copies.

THE HEADMASTER-
    “The Poor Gentleman” (Jan Hay).

A. W. SALMON-
    “Theory of Modern Rugby Football” (Stuart).

E. J. CROCKER-
    “The White Company” (Doyle)
    “Drums of the Legion” (Newsonn).
    “The Spoil-sport” (Avery).
    “A Woman from the Sea” (Burton).
    “The Legionnaire” (Newsonn).
    “The Lord of Dynevor” (Everett-Green).
    “Nebo the Nailer” (Baring-Gould).
    “A Champion of the Faith” (Callwell).
    “With Moore at Corunna” (Henty).
    “A Jacobite Admiral” (Forster).
    “A Son of Odin” (Seth-Smith).
    “The Lion of St. Mark” (Henty).

O.B.A. STALLHOLDERS-
    “Adrift in the Pacific” (Verne).
    “Bertie Clifton” (Everett-Green).
    “Billy, Lone Scout” (Hayes).
    “Out of the Running” (Avery).
    “The Mystery of the Swamp” (Francklin).
    “Highway Dust” (Sellick).
    “Cruise of the Vengeful” (Stables).
    “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” (Stowe).
    “Strange Adventure of Jack Smith” (Finbarr).
    “Mobsley’s Mohicans” (Avery).
    “Six Devonshire Dumplings” (Batchler).

J. H. PITTOCK, Library Prefect.

DRAMATIC SOCIETY.

    The attendance at the first meeting of term was very gratifying, and the Society is pleased to welcome the new members.
    For the purpose of play reading, two classes were formed; the senior class has been studying Sheridan’s "School for Scandal," while the juniors have been tried out in Galsworthy’s "Little Man" and Baring’s "Rehearsal."
    To extend our sphere of reading, it has been decided to borrow books from the County Library (surely not “an evergreen tree of diabolical knowledge.”) The first is Shaw’s "Androcles and the Lion," which promises some entertainment, besides an insight into Shavian philosophy!

E.H.B.M.

SIXTH FORM DEBATING SOCIETY.

    Debates have been held regularly on alternate Tuesdays. The Society is greatly indebted to members of the Staff who have acted as chairmen, often at rather short notice. On 16th December, 1930 and 17th February, 1931, the subjects for debate were not disclosed until the meeting, and after allowing a few minutes for consideration, the chairman was at liberty to call on any member to express his views. This met with considerable success, and the number of members who cannot stand up to say what they think is diminishing.
    Details of meetings are as follows:-

December 16th, 1930. Impromptu Debates-

  1. "That the abolition of the speed limit is not to the detriment of public safety."
                Motion passed 16 - 2.

  2. "That 'Women and Children first' is not a commonsense policy."
                Motion rejected 3 - 15.

January 20th, 1931. (Chairman, Mr. Tomlinson.)

        "That great authors have achieved more for mankind than great scientists."

        Proposer: L. C. Sparham.           Opposer: E. H. B. Martin.
        Seconder: A. J. Binks.                 Seconder: H. G. Hopkins.
                    Motion rejected 9 - 13.

February 3rd, 1931. (Chairman, H. G. Hopkins.)

        "That this House deplores professionalism in sport."

        Proposer: E. H. B. Martin.            Opposer: C. W. Smith.
        Seconder: M. E. Hearn.                Seconder: L. Goodfellow.
                    Motion rejected 5 - 9.

February 17th, 1931. Impromptu Debates-

  1. "That dress reform for men is overdue." (Chairman, C. W. Smith.)
                    Motion rejected, 2 - 12.

  2. "That Atlantic flights are not worth the risk of life involved.
    (Chairman, E. H. B. Martin.)
                    Motion rejected, 5 - 8.

March 3rd, 1931. (Chairman, Mr. Froude.)

        "That fanaticism has accomplished more for social progress than reasoned judgment." Proposed by Mr. Robinson; opposed by H. C. Blackford.
                        Moyion rejected, 4 - 7. (Five not voting.)

    The rather hackneyed subject of "Capital Punishment is the remaining debate of this term, and activities will probably be suspended for the Summer Term. It is hoped that there will be sufficient keenness and interest to revive the Society next autumn.

J. K. THOMPSON,
Hon. Secretary.

THE MUSICAL SOCIETY.

    The Society this term has been meeting fortnightly, instead of weekly as before, taking alternate Tuesdays with the Debating Society.
    On 27th January, L. Sparham read a paper on the Russian composers of the later 19th century, and records from the music of two of them, Borodin and Rimsky Korsakov, were played. The Society listened, on 10th February, to records from "The Merry Pranks of Till," by Strauss, which clearly illustrated his great powers of orchestration - and endeavoured to appreciate Stravinsky’s "Petrushka." The meeting on 24th February was quite informal, although some mixed fare from Rachmaninoff, Elgar, Rubinstein and Liszt, played by members, gave great pleasure.
    All thoroughly appreciated Mr. P. L. Hartley’s vivacious talk on "Gilbert and Sullivan Opera," on 10th March. His amazing knowledge of these operas was soon shewn, for he sang from memory, to his own accompaniment, something from nearly all of them. The Society is eagerly looking forward to another visit from so talented a musician.
    Members seem to come mostly from tile Sixth Form, but it is encouraging to notice that a few boys lower down the School attend regularly, and are thus helping the Society in its aim "to promote ass enthusiasm for music in all its branches."

L.C.S.

“THE PHAROS” MECCANO CLUB.

    Thanks to the kindness of our Leader, who has placed a cinematograph at our disposal, it has been possible to show a number of interesting and instructive films to members. Among these have been films dealing with "A Tour of the Welsh Highlands in a 30-cwt. Ford Truck," "Oil Mining in Persia," and "How a Motor Car Engine Works."
    Two lantern lectures, one entitled "How London’s Tube Railways are Built," and the other "How the Daily Express is Produced," have also been given, and members have had opportunity to inspect the two Meccano super-models, the Automatic Ship Coaler and the Model Workshop. Members have themselves constructed many interesting models.
    Only one visit has yet been made. On 28th January a party travelled to Folkestone in order to inspect the Motor Engineering Works of Messrs. Martin Walter, but the inclement weather rather detracted from the interest of the visit.
    In conclusion, a "Papers by Members" evening is yet to be held, and it is probable that a Social Evening will take place towards the end of term.

G.B. and A.D.D.

Statement of Accounts to date, 3rd March, 1931.

RECEIPTS. £   s.   d.   EXPENDITURE. £   s.   d.  
Balance brought forward 2 3 Hire of Kodascope  1 1 0
By admission to film 0 9 3 Postage 0 2 5
Subscriptions or term 1 10 0 Prizes 0 6 6
Carriage of Models 0 6 4
Carriage of films 0 16 3
Stationery 0 6 6
Refreshments 0 6 4
Presentation 0 6 6
Balance in hand 0 11
£4 2 10½ £4 2 10½
Audited and found correct, (Signed) L. H. R. ABBOTT,
W. V. PEARCE, Hon. Treasurer,
9th March, 1931 3rd March, 1931

VALETE.

A. W. SALMON. - Junior Prefect; Vice-Capt., School Football (1929 - 30 - 31); 1st XI. Cricket (1930); Colours, 1930; Capt., Maxton House; Sjt. Cadet Corps; Cert. “A” Chingford (1928 - 29 - 30) ; Dramatic Society; Musical Society; Debating Society; to Military College, Sandhurst.

R. A. HARRISSON. - Train Prefect; Country House 1st XI. Football; Musical Society; clerk at Chislet Colliery.

H. H. MADAMS. - Buckland House 1st XI. Football and 2nd XI. Cricket ; Lce.-Cpl. Cadet Corps - Band ; Musical Society; School Orchestra; to M.O.H. Dept., Dover.

A. G. SMITH. - Country House 1st XI. Football; Debating Society (Committee); Musical Society; reporter to Kent Messenger.

R. W. AUSTIN. - Dramatic Society; Musical Society; Debating Society (Committee); to Park Royal Engineering Co., Willesden.

R. A. PLAYFORD. - TOWNI House 2nd XI. Football; Musical Society; working for R.A.C.

E. J. SMITHEN - Town House 2nd XI. Football and Cricket; Cpl., Cadet Corps; Cert. "A"; clerk at Central Garage, Dover.

A. L. BARTON. - TOWN House 2nd XI. Football and Cricket; clerk to Kent Messenger.

H. J. SHERRED. - Buckland House 2nd XI. Football; joining Merchant Service.

K. MATHSON. - Cadet Corps - Band ; taking up electrical engineering.

R. W. GOLDSMITH. - Maxton House 2nd XI. Football ; transferred to Aldershot.

V. ST. G. WISE. - Parents removed to London.

N. ST. G. WISE. - Parents removed to London.

E. W. BRADLEY. - Removal abroad.

A. MCDONALD . - Transfer to Edinburgh.

I. A. CLARKE. - Removal to Glasgow.

B. R. CURTIS. - Leaving town.

R. V. HARE. - Transferred to Dover College.

J. H. FOULDS - Transferred to Maidstone Grammar School.

Photo]                                                                                                                                                                                     [C. S. Harris, Dover

THE NEW SCHOOL BUILDINGS

EXAMINATION SUCCESSES.

London. Intermediate Science.  - L. S. Byrne, H. G. Hopkins, E. H. B. Martin.
Imperial College of Science Entrance Scholarships. - H. G. Hopkins (3rd on list), E. H. B. Martin (4th on list). 

Entrance Examination, to R.M.C., Sandhurst. - A. W. Salmon (37th out of 130 who passed the written examination).

OLD Boys-

London Matriculation. - N. Landrock.

Second Year Examination at Sydney University - C. M. Donald (High Distinction in Principles of Agriculture, Botany, Agricultural Geology and Economic Entomology; Distinction in Agricultural Chemistry).

Intermediate Examination of Corporation of Certified Secretaries. - C. F. Lamidey (Distinction in Commercial Arithmetic).

MERIT LIST.

Form V. (Joint Board). - Bailey (3), Hickman (3). Milne (2), Southey (2), Tyrell (2), Tapley (2), Vosper (2), Bussey (2), Moseling (2), Winter (2), Hewes, J. W. White, Brown, Abbott, Waite, Wraight, Unstead, Dewar, Hutley, Cooke.

Form V. (O.L., Sc.). - Godfrev (2), Bromler, Pamplin, Ellis, Meacock, Atkins, Oliver, Hockley, Stone, Johnson, Wise, Andrews, Pateman, Whitehead.

Form V. (OL., Ind.). - W. J. Newman (3), Young (3), R. Borthwick (3), Crush (3), Solley (2).

Form IVA. - Cockfield (3), Ellis (2), Ewell, Bowles.

Form IVB. - Ward (2), W. S. Bortbwick (2), Jenkins (2).

Form IIIA (i.). - Le Prevost (3), Stanley (3), Gale.

Form IIA. - Blaxland (s), Fittall (3), Heller, Pearson.

Form IIX. - Bowers (2), Hutton (2), Grainger, Arnold.

Form IA. (i). - Baker (3). Jacobs (3), Giiham (3), Muston (2), Watkins.

Form IA. (ii). - Myers (3), Binfield (3), Hopkins (2), Parish (2), Brigham.

Form Upper Trans. - R. Allen (3), F Dunn (3), Lawrence (3), F. Martin (3), Niblett (3), Paddock (3), L. Watt (3), Bryant (2), Kenward (2). Hayden, Martel.

Form Lower Trans. - Harman (3), F. J. Smith (3), Howarth (2), Eaton, Jones.

Form Prep. - Kirk (3), Maker (3), Manning (s), Paddock (3), Waters (2), Dunster, Howard.

NOTES FROM LADYWELL.

    In spite of the vagaries of the weather, the term seems to have passed all too quickly. It has been without outstanding incident for most of us, although it has had its anxious moments for some. The terminal examinations were upon us almost before we had realised they were due.
    Many visits to the playing fields had to be abandoned on account of the weather, but we never lost hope of a game till the last minute and often plodded to School on Tuesday or Friday afternoon in football garb, through drenching rain, but still optimistic.
    Only two matches were played during the term. We beat Harvey Grammar School by 6 - 3 in a well-fought game, but lost to the Duke of York’s School by 3 - 0. Unfortunately, the return match in both cases had to be abandoned.
    We have found two new friends in the persons of Mr. Healing amid Mr. Kendall, and hope that their stay with us will be long and fraught with pleasurable experience.

E.S.A.

GLEAMS AND FLASHES.

    The School Charity Fund for this term amounted, on 16th March, to £9 6s. 3d., making a total for the School Year to that date of £27 10s. 9d.

—:—

    M. H. Hearn has been elected to the Pharos Committee, in place of S. T. Claw, who left School last term.

—:—

    The School Sports will be held at Crabble on Wedlnesday, 27th May.

—:—

    Swimming practices will he resumed next term in Thursday afternoons, following the usual arrangements.

—:—

    After one term's play, the Rugby enthusiasts have found that all they received for their pains is liniment!

—:—

    More Rugby rumours! - Is it true that, as a result of the Cadets v. School match, the groundsman now owns a patchwork quilt?

—:—

    On taking the Census - "He (the householder) puts his occupation, and states whether he is married or singular."

YE CHRONICLE.

    When that ye olde year hadde past awaye, ye knightes, squiers and yeomen retourned onto ye Castel. Ande thogh ther hadde y-bin no festinge atte ye Towne Halle, yit weer they not caste doon, but didde grete eche odre righte murily. Butte amonge ye knightes and squiers of ye Toppe Corridour was muche grife and soore displeasure. For ye puissant Overlorde had y-bid ye men of Indoustrie to quitte ye Lesser Hole, ande in hir stead hath he establisht ye very smalleste fry. And as for ye Indoustrie, hem hath he cast into ye dark and chirless spudderoom, where they groane and rage, and seek to escape unto odre dwellynges. While on ye Toppe Corridour ye smallest fry doe strutte most proudlie among ye myghtie knightes anti squiers, and eke lifte uppe hir heads and hir voyces right haughtily. Ye Tucke-Shoppe, also, is mouved to ye spuddle-room, and dailie ther is such struggel ande confousion ansong ye chocolat hunters, that Sir Bar-Tomlin, with his henchemen, is greviously perplext to keepe ye peace.
    Ant wen ye merye men wer y-mot togedre, they foonde too newe knightes, famous men and wys, yclept Sir Nekladl and Sir Leaghin. These hadde com that they mighte tak ye place of Sir Miths and Sir Osace, and they wer mad most wilcom. Then aboote this tym did ye boolde, brighte Lomnas arise and tak his leave of his bredren, sayinge; "I muste goe learne to fyghte myne countrie's battels, and eke to wield ye sworde in fer londes." Thus he dipartyd and was lamented monie daies.
    Nowe men doe calle thise saisoun ye Springe Termte, but in trouth ye name doth ill befitte it. For ther nis no sunne, nor onie warmthe, nor pleasanutness. Ande evene snowe hath thrice y-fallenne, and couvredde ye erthe. Wich snowe, when ye knightes andl squiers didde bihold it, mad hem much rejoyse. Ande they sayde one to ye odre, "Now shalle we be righte joyous and sport in aincient wyse." But agyn ye Overlorde y-forbad hir revels, andec ye snowe himselfe did melt speedilie awaye. Whereat they wer muche cast doone, and soughte consoulacioun in odre sportes. Then didde they finde an newe pleye after their harte’s desir, yclept Rhuggere; which comfortid hem gretely. For in this sport is lunch stryf and grete violense, ande ye wights wich pleye atte it, doe bicom moore muddie than they wich maak mudde pyes. So now is muche stryf upon ye windie plaines of Astorre, with monie bumpes and bruises. And whil this was being done. ye armie of ye Kadettes didde soudenne rimembere thatte ye sterne fighte at Chingeforde is fast approcheing, Therfor did they summuoune alle hir braveste warriours and y-bad them ronne uppe hill and doone for manie myls, that they winne muche glorye on ye daie of battel, Ande ye Kadettes doc stryfe righte manfully acrosse mudde and evil countrie, until they are in worser plighte than they wich play at Rhuggere.
    At that tym didde ye Overlorde gan dailie lifte uppe his voyse, sayinge how soone must alle ye compagnye dipart this present Castel and ascende unto ye newe dwollinge thatte riseth uppe above ye plaines of Astorre. This newe castel is moste straunge and wondrouse to behold, and is eke a place of much mystery and legende. For none may enter therein, thogh doth ye Overlorde often saye how monie straunge and fayre thinges doe wayt for him that shall enter ye xvondrous palays. And lo, whil these tales are told, ther cometh yet otheres of a sorrye countenaunce, spreadynge false tydynges and sayinge thatte ye newe Castel hath verily ye air of an prisoun. Butte nowe is it said that alle ye hoost shalle goe by companies to bihold for hemselves ye wondrees of ye palays. Therfore are alle ye peple righte gladde and eagerlie look forward to ye tym wen thys shalle be fulfilde. Ande monie odre deedes wer wrought, amid eke excoursions were made, butte if thou wouldest lerne
of these rede ye evene in ye boke Pharos.

SKNIB YE SCRYBE.

CAREERS.

(CONTRIBUTED BY OLD BOYS.)

XII. - Advertising.

    Of all the professions in the world, advertising is, without doubt, one of the oldest. In very simple language, advertising means "telling," or "making known." so that the first merchant who "told" the passers-by about his wares by shouting was the originator of advertising.
    With the development of the world, particularly on the commercial side, methods of selling goods were improved. Stalls and booths were set up in the market place, and the goods were displayed. New methods of attracting attention were devised, and messages were scratched on the ground or on blocks of stone near the stalls. Still later, inscriptions on skins and tablets were used, amid although these early methods may seem crude when compared with the attractive press announcements, posters and show cards which we see to-day, yet they served exactly the same purpose - to "make known" amid to produce sales.
    The modern merchant is different from his "ancestors," in that, whereas the old-time merchant was content to accept advertising as part of selling, the modern looks upon advertising as an additional outside influence, which aids personal salesmanship. Modern advertising may well be defined as "silent" salesmanship.”
    Selling a commodity or service through an advertisement and selling the same article "over the counter" are two very different things. The shop manager, once a customer has entered his shop, usually "sells" by sheer force of personal salesmanship. The task of the advertiser is to get the customer into the shop with the idea of buying the commodity, and that is, obviously, the harder task.
    Therefore, in modem advertising, no matter what form the announcement may take - newspaper advertisement, poster, showcard, catalogue, folder or the like - it is essential to capture the force of "Personal Salesmanship" and pin it clown in print. That force must be behind the advertisement as a whole and behind each unit that makes time whole - reading matter or "copy," general design or "layout," illustration, and, if possible, behind the name of time advertiser. With that vital force behind it, the advertisement "lives," amid literally  "tells" the prospective customer. But to make it live and talk is an art in itself. Try it yourself; sit down with pencil and paper and write, design and illustrate an advertisement that would make everyone who read it crave for, say, a cup of cocoa or anything else you like.
    While very few advertisements ever reach that ideal, it must be the goal that everyone who writes and designs advertising material strives for. Let us see then, what sort of mental makeup a man or woman needs to make a success of an advertising career.
    Without question, the first requirement is an intimate knowledge of human nature - especially in the mass. Next in importance come imagination and originality, behind which there must be the more tangible power of expressing a sales message very clearly in writing or by illustration. The message must, by the way in which it is expressed, make an instantaneous appeal - otherwise it is worthless.
    In advertising, then, we find artists, copy-writers and layout men (or designers), all specialists in their own sphere, who, between them, are capable of preparing any kind of advertising material. They, in their turn, are backed up by an army of clerical workers, whose jobs do not offer great scope to the ambitious, but serve as very useful "kicking-off" points. These routine jobs enable a newcomer to find his feet and his talents. Very often a man who can write good copy is also an expert at design, but the combination of a good artist and copy-writer is very rare. No one can expect a Whistler and a Bernard Shaw rolled into one.
    Now you may be able to write quite well, or your talent may be sketching, or even more advanced artistic work; have you ever thought of making Advertising your career? It offers great opportunities to anyone who can write "selling" copy, or who is clever with pencil, pen and brush. If you are on the point of leaving School, you will want to know just how to set about getting into the advertising world.
    If you have the time and money, it would be a very sound plan for you to take a correspondence course with one of the well-known training colleges. If you do this, don’t expect too much. A course cannot teach you everything, but it will give you some idea of advertising methods, make you familiar with technical terms - in short, teach you the A B C of the profession.
    It is obvious that a better way than this is to obtain a post in an advertising department or agency in London or one of the industrial centres. The position will naturally be a minor one and the wage may be very small at first, but the experience is invaluable and you will be given the opportunity to learn something of printing and the reproduction of drawings and photographs by means of "blocks." In such a position, you may see how every kind of advertisement is prepared anti, even if you specialise later on, that knowledge will always be of the greatest use to you.
    If you are prepared to begin at the bottom of the ladder, as I have suggested above, write to some of the Advertising Agencies in London and the Provinces. You will find their names and addresses in The Advertiser’s Weekly. This paper will also keep you in touch wiith current advertising, and also with "Situations Vacant." A small advertisement in the Situations Wanted column might be useful later on. The Secondary School Headmasters’ Employment Bureau is a great help.
    Once you have secured a position, either in an advertising department or agency, opportunities will occur which will enable you to get a grasp of the work, and you will soon see in what direction your particular talents can be used to the greatest advantage. You may have all the attributes (except experience) of a successful copy-writer or layout man. If you can already draw really well, you may, with further commercial training, become an artist.
    The work an artist in the advertising world is almost self explanatory. Some artists are capable of producing any type of drawing - line, wash ort pencil. Others specialise in such branches as hand lettering. detail drawing, and so on. One of the most highly paid branches of the artistic side is the work of "retouching" photographs for reproduction. This is a highly technical job, and needs long experience before proficiency is reached.
    The layout man, or advertisement designer, assembles and designs advertisement material of all kinds. He must be able to produce in pencil, pen and wash, a replica of what the finished work will be. If you can rough-sketch and do neat hand lettering, you possess two if the greatest assets a layout man can have. A good eye for line and balance is also necessary. You can test yourself for these by trying to pick out a badly-designed advertisement in a newspaper and finding the faults. The common ones to look for are:-
            (1) Overcrowding of space.
            (2) Top or bottom heaviness.
            (3) Too heavy type - or the reverse.
    If you have an eye for design you may find other faults as well. The layout man’s work is remarkably interesting and, if you can obtain such a post, you will have the opportunity to develop your talents on the side of copy-writing.
    A successful copy-writer needs a journalist's "nose" for news, a working knowledge of almost everything under the sun, and the ability to express his meaning in a very few words, in vivid and arresting language. He must be able to size up the salient features of the product and to describe them in such a way that his writing appeals to the masses. In short, he must be a psychologist, and thoroughly understand the science of "Silent Salesmanship." As I have already mentioned, he is very often a good layout man, and, in any case, layout man
and copy-writer work as a team.
    From the ranks of copy-writing, time managerial positions in the world of advertising are obtained. Naturally, some copy-men prefer to remain such all their lives for the sake of the "copy " itself. The copy-layout man makes a successful manager because he knows the whole business, and is therefore a good leader.
    As artist, copy-writer or layout man, time advertising profession offers great opportunities to men and women with talents such as I have outlined very briefly. Of all professions, it is one of the most highly paid - although wages vary considerably according to the type of work done. Promotion, however, usually depends upon ability, rather than on length of service. The career rewards you for what you can do, not for what you are.
    If you have the necessary talents, why not consider making advertising your career in life?

W. T. SERGEANT (1919 - 27),
Layout Man,
W. H. Smith and Son, Ltd ., Advertising Agency
.

TAKING THE LONG VIEW.

    "Work dashed off at the last minute, perhaps in response to the Editor’s announcement of the 'final date,' seldom has much merit," reads an editorial note in a former issue of The Pharos. Like Miss Miggs, “I places my reliances on them which entertains my own opinions,” so perhaps it will not be taken amiss if I offer a few suggestions based on recent experiences.
    Let me begin by saying that there must be quite a number of those invited to contribute to The Pharos who never offend in this way. They appear rather to obey the law, which, if I remember rightly, one of the enemies of Voltaire claimed to have discovered,- “the principle of least action.” It may be, of course, that they belong to the school who believe that all our present troubles are due to over-production or it may be merely that they wish to avoid any possibility of being classed with those who “rush in, where angels fear to tread.”
    In any case, we are not dealing with these at present; it is literary impetuosity which now concerns us. We have to find some surer way of gaining editorial commendation, and recent experiences have persuaded me that one solution of the difficulty lies along the lines of evolution, by a process of gradual variation from an original, or even unoriginal, source. The method, in practice, is really quite simple. For example: a very young writer two years ago handed in a vivid little article, evidently copied from some local newspaper, describing a fire he had witnessed when away on holiday. It was returned to him, and the discrepancy between the style of the article and that of his exercise book was politely remarked upon. Nothing daunted, he has, ever since that time, term by term, submitted a revised version of “The Fire.” As the actual event recedes into the past, the writer draws increasingly on his imagination, and I estimate that, by the time he reaches the Sixth Form, no perceptible trace of the original will remain. He bids fair by then to rival Defoe, and I invite all those now in the lower part of the School to look out for his article about 1937, as for a comet whose appearance is confidently predicted.
    The same method of gradual approach to authorship offers distinct possibilities in the case of another article, giving an account of the youthful writer’s own escape from an octopus, while bathing last summer in the Mediterranean. The work at present scarcely does him full justice, for the octopus measures but a bare two feet across. If, however, he will persevere with its tentacles on the lines already suggested, there is no reason why he should not, in due course, become as famous in this class of literature as Louis de Rougemont, a writer known to boys of a former generation.
    A somewhat similar procedure, but one more akin to the instalment system, might be adopted with advantage in the case of suitable poetical compositions. For instance, a poem of two dozen lines was quite recently handed in by an aspiring youth who evidently suffered from an exiguousness of inspiration, for only one stray couplet of it differed from a poem I knew myself in my own youthful days. The writer was apparently under the impression that one original couplet in six stanzas absolved him from any suspicion of plagiarism. In fact, he seemed quite aggrieved at the mere suggestion that the poem could hardly be regarded as his own unaided work.
    Now, if he will proceed on the lines indicated above, and send in the poem term by term with just one new couplet of his own each time, he will avoid all charge of impetuosity. Further, he will, within the space of four years, stand a chance of being acclaimed a poet in his own right. After all, four years is not an unduly long time in which to make a poet. In fact, there are still those who cherish the time-honoured belief that a poet is born, not made at all.
    Further examples might be adduced in support of the plan suggested, but I think sufficient guidance has been given. Besides, many readers have doubtless arrived, ere now, at the conclusion that this article should have been hoist with its own petard, so to speak, and have had its publication indefinitely postponed. Anyhow, this is my conclusion.

E.S.A.

IONA

Right from the Inner Hebrides,
Over the Sound of Mull,
Wafting o’er Loch Seridain,
Loud I hear the call-
Jona, isle of sacredness,
Where sixty kings are lain,
Where many a Scottish nobleman
To his resting-place was ta’en
Where Columcille in early days
From Ireland’s shores did come
Where Relig Oran lived and died
And the early Church was born;
Where, floating o’er the crystal sea,
O’er the multi-coloured rock,
Came the sound of Christians chanting
O’er the surface of the loch
Wafting o’er Loch Seddain,
Over the Sound of Mull,
Right from the Inner Hebrides,
Loud I hear the call.

                        A. D. DEWAR (V. Jt. Bd.).

A VISIT TO THE SCHOOLBOYS’ EXHIBITION.

    By dint of much assiduous “saving up,” it was found possible, on the last day of the Christmas holidays, for the writers to visit the Daily Mail Schoolboys’ Exhibition, then in progress at the Empire Hall, Olympia, London.
    One’s first sensation, on entering the immense three-floored hall, was one of confusion. What a medley of ear-splitting noises! The clang of bells, the hoot of sirens, the rattle of machinery, and a continual background of raucous loud-speaker “music”-a veritable human beehive.
    After a time, having grown accustomed to the noises we decided to make a methodical tour of the hundred odd exhibits - a well-nigh impossible task in the short space of a few hours. The ground floor was devoted mainly to electricity and its applications, to heavy mechanical engineering and to demonstrations of many important industrial processes. Modern wireless practice might here be seen from beginning to end; the telephone was explained, and, for the curious, there were television demonstrations. In addition, many electrical novelties were to be seen. Who would not like to hear a spider walk; to see how guns may be fired by radio, and watch a burglar detected by an invisible ray?. Who would not like to see sounds make pictures, and hear heart-beats reproduced at loudspeaker strength?
    The motor industry was well represented by the display of the Ford Motor Company, in which was a large scale model of the immense new factory now under construction near London. Talking films dealing with Ford products were shown to those interested.
    And then, again, one could see how railways are controlled - could work points and signalling apparatus for oneself. Aeroplanes, too, attracted attention, and there were many other features of which space will not permit the description.
    The exhibits on the first floor were of a different character. Here was a wonderful panorama of Captain Scott’s last tragic voyage. Many relics of the memorable journey could be seen, and one could touch the very sledges used in that heroic effort whose memory will still endure for years to come. On this floor too, was the combined display of the London hospitals, where might be seen, through the microscope, all kinds of bacteria, living and dead. The work of the hospitals was here shown fully, everything being explained by willing assistants. Here, too, was something of interest to all hobbyists. For the stamp collector there were cases of rare stamps; the sports enthusiast, pet lover, boy scout, wood and metal worker, each found a section dealing with his special hobby. Here also was one of The most interesting exhibits “Dawn,” a light-controlled boat. This boat, invented by Mr. H. Grindall, in 1914, has several times been demonstrated to the Admiralty, and once to His Majesty King George V., but has not yet been exploited. It can be controlled fully five miles away at night, and three thousand yards in the day-time.
    The second floor contained the larger, more extensive exhibits. A model electric railway, in which, one learned on inquiry - for the spirit of the Exhibition was intelligent question and informative reply - were employed over two thousand feet of track, was in constant operation. On a pond, 6o ft. in diameter, frequent displays by model speed boats took place; and, finally, there was a talking picture theatre, where one could tour the world in sight and sound.
    Science, art, industry, aviation, engineering, wireless, sports, hobbies - here they were all brought before youth in such a way that seeking and gaining new knowledge became not a task but a most delightful entertainment. . . . ."

E. R. S. WINTER AND G. BAILEY (V. Jt. Bd.).

SNOW SCENES.

    We left Dover on a cold, wet day in December. The sea was rough, and many unfortunate travellers passed the time away in their cabins, in attitudes of silent agony. Water is a truly remarkable thing when you come to think of it from a practical point of view! . . .
    The remainder of the journey passed uneventfully. I will digress to say that, if ever you have to get out at Vallorbe at half-past four in the morning, the refreshment room is on the right, and two cups of coffee cost only one franc. The first experience of a Swiss frontier is very bitter. You will be glad to get back into a warm carriage, after looking through your luggage under the eagle eye of a customs officer.
    St. Cergue was our destination. This little village, tucked away in the Swiss Jura, boasted a bobsleigh run, right through the main street, with a hotel at the end, to remind the reckless ones who omit to put the brake on that there are such things as stops. This unpretentious village is reached by means of a mountain railway, starting from Nyon, which runs through the street of the town with a great deal of fuss, bother and jerking, hooting mournfully at every cross-road, warning motor cars of its arrival; the horn is a superfluous attachment, as the clatter created announces the train’s arrival from at least a hundred yards. I had suspicions that the weather, closely resembling Dover’s perpetual downpour, was responsible for this state of affairs. I admit I had given up all hope of seeing any snow, and was already visualising a dejected return to England. I
 hoped for the best.... The train, having groaned up five hundred feet of hillside, decided to stop with a jerk that nearly dislocated my spine. I wiped the steam off the window pane and gazed on a patch of snow. Small flakes were coming down, intermingled with rain. The train, restarting, cut my meditations short, and the window steamed up again. Ten minutes later the door of the carriage was opened by a portly and redfaced ticket collector, and a whirl of large flakes went down my back.
    This cheerful personage looked round the carriage and boomed out, “St. Cergue, messieurs, mesdames, tout le monde descend.” “Tout le monde” arose and gathered stray packages together. As soon as the train stopped, everybody made a dash for the guard’s van. The first arrival got up and started doling out skis as a sergeant distributes rifles to a company. These skis were implements of offence, for many were the pokes and hits given by these slats of wood on other people’s faces and chests.
    I took stock of my surroundings. The train ran right through the lower section of the main street. There were no wheeled vehicles in sight. Everything was on runners. Our suitcases were taken to the hotel on a sledge, and we attended to the most important consideration, namely, our skis. All I can say is that it is truly remarkable how your skis can get mixed up. We arrived at the hotel in twenty minutes, a walk that would have taken under ordinary circumstances three.
    As we neared the hotel, a far-off voice was heard shouting “Fore fore” A low, but increasing rumble was heard, and a bobsleigh passed us with a roar, turned round and skidded to a standstill. The driver climbed out, wiped the snow off his face, and said, in a dissatisfied voice, “Hum, one minute, twenty-eight seconds over the mile. We’ve done it before in one minute, ten seconds,” and looked accusingly at the “brake as if he were to blame.
    Strange to say, most people, during their stay, did not ski at St. Cergue. Instead, they took the train to the next station, “Col de la Givrine,” and came down by the road. We used to follow in the wake every morning when the crowd wended its way to the station en masse. People used to expostulate at the high charges on the railway. The ticket man would cheerfully shrug his shoulders and say, “Mais monsieur, personne ne descend par le train. Il est vide. Il faut qu’on fasse un bénéfice! To be precise, the fare was twice the amount it should have been because nobody came down by train.
    Our hotel owned a chalet near the station of La Givrine, where, on exchange of a ticket supplied at the hotel clerk’s office a meal was provided free of charge. Pleasant memories come to my mind when I think of that chalet with its scent of hot soup, the masses of people packed like sardines within its interior, the clothes line which succumbed under the weight of sodden garments, the cowbells hanging on the rafters, which you rang to attract the waitresses’ attention, the wet floor, the hot tomato soup, the dog with the ever-wagging tail, sniffing around the tables in its search for stray scraps of food. Those recollections are as vividly impressed on my mind as if they were drawn on paper.
    A ski-jumping competition was held during our stay there. The day previous to the ceremony, I looked at the jumping ground, and asked myself how the men contrived to keep their balance and prevent their necks being broken by a fall. The next day dawned cold and clear. My brother and I had obtained a good position for viewing the proceedings and were awaiting the start. A man on a stand announced the name of the competitor; a trumpet was blown. A tense silence hung over the crowd.... Swooosh A flying object hurtled past, landed with a smack on the snow, and went sailing down the hill. “Thirty metres,” announced the impassive judge. Another shout, another sound like the whistling of the wind, and the second man came down. He was unlucky. Landing on the snow, he lost his balance, pitched forward, rolled over and over, then lay still. His skis skittered down the slope. Was he hurt? No: he picked himself up and went in pursuit of his elusive skis. Two more competitors came down, and the results of their jumps were announced. The last man nearly dashed into a wall at the end of the run, but turned round and disappeared in a cloud of snow - a perfect turn. We left the course, awed by what we had just witnessed, and wondered what the world’s record was.
    The skating rink was also a great attraction. Young and old, thin and fat, skated over the hard, glass-like surface or sat down abruptly. Beside the skating rink was a roped-off area, which I surmised to be a curling rink. I was not wrong; four or five men appeared with their sets of curlers and a small mat. A “jack” was set up at one end of the run and the men stationed themselves at the other. The first man took his curler up lovingly and, with a quick throw, sent it sliding up the course. It missed the jack by inches and stopped a foot behind it. The next man tossed his weapon, and stood up to watch the result. It stopped two inches in front of the “jack.” It was the throw that decided the game. His opponents tried in vain to oust him from his position, but to no avail. I grew tired of watching, and turned away. The heavy hand of Nemesis descended upon my shoulder and made me sit down on the ice. I am very wary now when I turn away from an uninteresting game.

M. E. HEARN (VI. Commerce).

THE LIFE HISTORY OF BUTTERFLIES AND MOTHS.

    Butterflies and moths belong to the Natural Order Lepidoptera, or scale-winged insects. This Order is divided into two sections, viz., the Rhopalocera (butterflies) and the Heterocera (moths). The difference between the butterflies and moths is not so distinct as is sometimes imagined. It is often thought that whereas butterflies fly only by day, the moths fly only by night, but this is not true, as many species of moths are on the wing in bright sunlight, and fly only by day. The true difference lies in the antennae or feelers, and in the body and wings of the insect, but no characteristic can be said to be constant. In the British Isles there are about seventy species of butterflies, and over two thousand species of moths.
    Before attaining the perfect state, all butterflies and moths pass through three distinct stages, viz., the egg, the caterpillar and the chrysalis. The eggs (ova) are usually deposited on or near the leaves of a suitable food-plant, upon which the young caterpillars (larvae) can feed when hatched. These ova vary considerably in size, shape and marking according to the species, and, when examined under the microscope, reveal great beauty. The number of ova laid by different species also varies; sometimes several hundreds are laid by a single female.
    After the lapse of a week or so, the young larvae hatch out. At first they are very small, but they soon begin to eat ravenously, some making the first meal off the egg-shells. After this they begin to feed upon the food-plant. The larval stage is the one in which the insect grows, and during the process the skin is changed several times. Seeing the large quantity of eggs laid by a single female, it is easy to realise that some species would become exceedingly abundant in a few years if Nature did not provide some means of reducing the numbers. Thus it is that as some larvae feed up, they are attacked by the Ichneumon Fly.
    The female fly settles on the back of the larva, and, after piercing the skin, deposits its egg within the body. The larva is not greatly inconvenienced, apparently, by this attack, and continues its feeding, but it is a doomed creature. Within a short time the Ichneumon egg hatches, when the grub at once commences to feed upon the flesh of its victim. Thus, when the time arrives for the larva to change to the chrysalis (pupa) it is too weak to do so, and dies. Many larvae perish in this way. Mention may be made of the common large white butterfly (Pieris brassicae) as one of the species so attacked.
    Those larvae which have managed to escape this parasite, and have reached maturity, select some convenient place for pupation. Some burrow in the earth, others spin a cocoon round themselves for protection, whilst others hang from the food plant or roll themselves up in the leaves. Many species pass the winter months in this dormant state, whilst others hibernate as young larvae, and feed up in the spring. In other cases, the winter is passed in the perfect state.
    In due course, the perfect insect (imago) emerges from the pupa. At first the wing cases are limp and closely folded round the body. The action of the sun after the wings have been extended soon hardens them, and it is interesting to watch the insect endeavouring to use its wings after expansion. Then, when all is ready, it flies off to make the best of its short life in this beautiful world.

WILLIAM E. BUSBRIDGE.

THE SHEPHERD.

My sheep stand by the flood of yonder brook,
And sip the limpid pool where ducklings cry;
And oxen toss the foam, and restless, sweep
The flies from off their backs with miry tails.
The mountain swain lies on his back and dreams,
Or on his pipes of sycamore doth play
Such tunes as fill the happy heart with glee
And render him a rival to that god
Who played upon melodious Pandean pipes.
His cattle nest along the muddy marge
Of yonder stony rill where sand-larks pipe
And wake him from his dreams so sweet and pure.

Taking his crook he leads his flock away,
Pursuing now the path to fold, and rest.

            E. C. RATCLIFFE (V. it. Bd.).

A WINTER’S MORNING.

    Spring is coming; the days lengthen, and the dark winter nights are forgotten. Now the sun rises before I start my journey to school, and also shows me my way home again. Six weeks ago, however, I was well on my road to school before he rose, and I had to get home by the feeble glare of my bicycle lamp.
    The first stage of my daily journey is along a muddy road, formerly one of the fine set of roads the Romans made, but now, alas, sadly neglected. Should I attempt to ride my bicycle, a sudden gust of wind may make me swerve into a deep rut, and I may land in a ploughed field. Next I go through a very muddy farm, and then on to the high road. One morning recently, it started to snow soon after I reached this point, and, as I rode my bicycle, I was exposed to the full blast of the storm.
    Soon I arrive at a very stony bit of road, where it is quite easy to get one’s tyre punctured. If such a thing happens, I do not get to school till about 10 a.m. When I arrive at the bus route, I am prepared to have some prank played on me by my friends. If there is any snow on the ground, I may get some snowballs thrown at me, or some other trick played at my expense. When the bus arrives, all is plain sailing, unless I have forgotten my money.

R. F. KIRBY (Form IIX)

CADETS.

Of arms we’ve none,
And now to some
We seem undone-
But not yet are we dying:
We’ve still our name,
Our bygone fame,
And changes are defying.

Think of the past,
This year and last,
Each flying fast,
With Chingford, Camp and Shooting;
We still go on-
Come on, my son,
The Quarter-bloke’s recruiting.

                            “ORDERLY CORP.”

CAMP, 1931.

    Investigation of the question of camping arrangements for this year, completed just before going to press, has shown that it will be quite possible to hold a camp, though fees may be a few shillings more than last year. A site will be chosen if possible at Dymchurch, as a combined camp with Ashford and Bromley Cadet Corps is being considered.
    Many cadets wish to know what will take the place of arms-drill, and there are several possibilities. More attention will be paid to musketry and signalling, since the former has proved so popular and the latter was once an important part of the Corps activities. We already have equipment, namely flags, heliograph and field telephones. Junior members of the Corps might well spend some time in the vacation in mastering the Morse Code, as an examination for the position of Company Signaller will be held next term.
    Boys who have not yet joined the Corps are advised to give in their names as soon as possible, if they wish to qualify for Camp.