PI1AR.OS CONTENTS No. 135. Vol. LlX. 1967-68
Editorial 2.
In Brief 3.
Staff Leaving 4.
Original Contributions 7.
Visits, Reviews and Reports 17. Societies 23.
Soccer 28.
Rugby 28.
Cricket 29.
Other Sports 30.
House Notes 32.
Parents' Association 33.

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In Brief
This year we have sadly to bid farewell to our Headmaster. Dr. Hinton is taking up a new post
at Sevenoaks, and we wish him happiness in this appointment.
Although we have also to say goodbye to Mr. M. J. Carver and Mr. K. W. Pickering we are able to welcome in their place Mr. Cunnington and Mr. Vincent. Next term an additional master will join the Staff to teach mathematics and sociology, Mr. Hrusa-Marlow, who has been doing post-graduate studies at Sussex University. We welcome him too.
There were visits from the Vocational Guidance Officers in February.
The Spring Fair in March raised £393 for Parents' Association funds.
In March boys from this school attended a c.E.M. Conference at the D.Y.R.M.S. An Easter service was held at St. Mary's Church in April.
A highly successful Ball was held at School on May 17th.
The School photograph was taken during the summer term.
A party visited a performance of' As You Like It' at Kearsney Abbey in July. Projects undertaken by the Schools Community Service Unit this year included: cutting wood
at the hostel for old people; decorating a hostel in St. Alphege Road; visits to Chartham and Eastry hospitals; and a charity walk.
The following visitors gave lectures to the Sixth Form: C. H. Andrews, Esq. (The Origins of Life); Professor W. H. Hunter (The Discovery of Medicines and Drugs); F. M. Miller, Esq. (The Place of Banking in the Economy); Chief Inspector Bodell (Modern Developments in the Law); P. W. Haffenden, Esq. (Business Management); P. Rees, Esq. (The Judicial System); Dr. D. Hall (Your Life and Mine); R. D. K. Fetch, Esq. (Polytechnics and Colleges of Technology); and a lecturer from The British Association.
Speech Day was transformed this year into Guest Evening. The occasion was memorable for the absence of the fifth form, the school song, and the guest speaker. To replace the latter three speeches written by boys from the school were delivered. In his speech Dr. Hinton explained that the alterations which had been made in the evening's proceedings had not been made entirely for financial reasons. He went on to speak of reorganization, pointing out that'the problems of staffing and buildings were fundamental, not peripheral: although we have not got comprehensive schools the barriers have been weakened; in particular, Wednesday afternoon activities, drama productions, the sailing club and community service projects have all been undertaken in cooperation with other schools. The Headmaster ended by reflecting that a school must neither produce human robots programmed into social conformity, nor people like Narcissus, so wrapped up in their own personal image that they have not time for anything else; rather a school should produce individuals who exploit their personal resources to the utmost.
Sports Day was held on a dull, cheerless day towards the end of May. The morning was comparatively uneventful although C. Blaskett (Py.) increased the Discus (13-1S) record by 13' 2" with a magnificent throw ofIIs' 2" and G. Gisby (As.) equalled the pole vault (13-1S) with a vault of 7' 3". In the afternoon more records fell when Stubbs (Fr.) cut a second off the 880 yds. (13-1S) record and Benge (Fr.) narrowly beat the 100 yds. (13-1S) record by 0.2 secs., both against an unfavourable wind. Over-all Frith emerged victorious. Individual winners were: McMahon (Senior), Jacques and Smith P. J. (Intermediate), and Sawyer and Benge (Junior).
From October 30th to November 24th an exhibition of paintings by Richard Armstrong, an
Old Pharosian, was held in the Art Department. Throughout July an exhibition of photographs showing the important work undertaken by the
Civic Trust of Great Britain was held in the Art Department.

The Centre Spread
Every work of art is an intimate and indissoluble marriage of content and form. 'Content' is the subject matter of a work of art, either in a literary or a representative sense. 'Form' is the structural element in a work of art or the means whereby the artist's vision is given shape. Although in theory form and content are inseparable, in contemporary practice the intention is often to present the maximum amount of form with the minimum amount of content. Such an intention underlies the graphic work which appears in the centre spread of this edition of Pharos. They are only three of an infinite number of acceptable solutions evolved by sixth-form students taking Art to Advanced Level. Using a chosen letter as a basic element each student was asked to explore as many closely knit inter-relationships as possible. Immediately the letters began to lose their individual identity within the new collective form. This trend towards anonymity was accelerated by cutting up the letters until ultimately content became totally subservient to form. The variety of visual structures which could be created from one single unit was found to be immense.
Dr. M. G. Hinton
From the time that Dr. Hinton became Headmaster, we as Governors have had complete confidence in his leadership; we have valued his friendship and are deeply grateful for all that he has meant to us.
During this eight and a half years the School has seen all-round expansion and important developments of many departments; the sixth form is much larger; academic achievements have greatly increased.
Facing his many tasks calmly and cheerfully, Dr. Hinton has taken full account of the views of others; in consultation he has excelled in bringing out ideas and in bringing those ideas together with such good effect. Perhaps the splendid Jubilee Year programme afforded one good example of this. We know how evident has been the happy relationship between Dr. Hinton and his staff throughout the years. To those who sought his advice, whether parents or members of the School, he was always ready to listen, never brushing a matter aside but rather giving it sympathetic consideration. Never afraid to break with tradition, he has delighted in exploring new ground. He brought into being the School Council; the delegating of responsibility and the encouraging of independence have met with great reward and the life of the School has thus been enriched. He has followed closely the fortunes of teams on the playing field and the many other activities; with his hands very full, he yet found time to produce School Plays which, reaching the highest standards, gave great pleasure to the audiences.
The daily Assembly and the Services in St. Mary's Church for seasons and special occasions reflected his faith and wide approach; he is true to his religion and commends it strongly; he has a constant concern that all should share, in one way or another, in unselfish service to those in need of help. With others, he instigated the Dover Schools' Community Service Unit.
Serving as Scout Commissioner, as a Lay Reader, and in other capacities, he has made his mark
on the life of the town and will be greatly missed by the people of Dover. During the years when there was the planning of reorganisation in the Division, Dr. Hinton took a leading part, devoting an immense amount of time and thought; he will leave a big gap in the Council of Heads. We pay tribute to Mrs. Hinton who has served the School so admirably; all concerned have appreciated and enjoyed the charm of her presence and her sweet personality at the many different functions which she has supported. We congratulate Dr. Hinton on his appointment to the Headship of the very old established
Sevenoaks School where his outstanding talent will indeed be welcomed. Dr. and Mrs. Hinton and their family carry with them our warmest wishes for much happiness
in the days to come. DA VID BRADLEY.
Chairman 4 Governors.

It is said that when policemen appear to be boys that is a sure sign that one is growing old; but it is only a passing impression, and so it is with Headmasters. When one man has been in charge for twenty odd years his successor is bound to appear yoUthful, whereas it is the old hands who have got older; but in a very short time each recognises the other as a mature man, one having the advantage of experience and the other the vigour of youth and the stimulation of new ideas.
And so it was when Dr. Hinton took up the post of Headmaster. His energy and capacity for work left some of us rather breathless, but he gave us time to get our second wind before he got out of sight.
It has been interesting to see how each of our three Headmasters has been so well suited for the particular stage then reached in the evolution of the School, and many would have liked to see Dr. Hinton remain in Dover at least a few years longer, so that his forward-looking ideas and clarity of thought could have ensured the best possible state of education in the Division when the new organisation is fmally hammered out.
Any living organism must change or die, and Dr. Hinton has brought about changes gradually and not by upheaval, so that modifications could be included or unsatisfactory changes scrapped. But at all times the changes were introduced in order to benefit the School and the boys in particular, for that is the hall-mark of the true schoolmaster.
His first concern, of course, was the organization of work in the School and much time and thought went into the broadening of choice in 'Special Courses' for Sixth Forms so that each youth could follow his particular interests. In out-of-school activities he will long be remembered for his polished productions of Gilbert and Sullivan operas, and we shall not forget that he refereed School rugby matches, insisting on a code of conduct more important than strict interpretation of rules. Probably the most momentous change was the establishment of the School Council, whereby representatives of all generations in the School could gain experience of how to conduct their affairs and manage formal business. And in a wider field he stimulated the social conscience of older pupils by the introduction and development of the Schools' Community Service. Old Pharosians will remember him as a very active Chairman of Committee, and for setting in motion and organizing the stupendous job of getting a complete and up-to-date roll of all Old Boys. How he managed it I do not know, but in addition to school work he was District Commissioner of Scouts, and a Diocesan Lay Reader.
But, in spite of all these activities, one fact stands out, and more clearly as one worked morc closely with him, and that was his respect, consideration and love for his fellow man, young or old, and his example alone has done much for the town of Dover and its rising generations.
Our very best wishes go with him and Mrs. Hinton-and only he knows the help and support she has been to him-into their new work and life at Sevenoaks, supported by the knowledge of a job at Dover well done, and the affection of countless friends left behind.
It often seems, from a schoolboy point of view, that the Headmaster is a remote power who escapes from the shackles of his daily administrative tasks only to make a brief morning appearance in Assembly. However, as one rises through the School the Head becomes known, first as a master and next as a person.
Dr. Hinton has made most impact on those who have reached the Upper School and have been confronted with the responsibility for their own education. Many Sixth Form historians have deeply appreciated his detailed and thoughtful treatment of the subject, whilst special course students have benefited from his thorough and illustrative lessons in religious, ethical and psychological subjects. The preparation of boys for the general paper of the Oxbridge Scholarship Examinations has been a task which Dr. Hinton took on annually, and which he enjoyed to the same high degree as the candidates. The excellent results of the last few years speak for themselves.
Away from the academic side of school life, Dr. Hinton's eight-year stay has treated us to excellent opera and play productions, hard-hitting and honest Speech Day revelations, and innumerable demonstrations of impeccable planning and organization as well as the beginnings of pupil participation in everyday matters of School discipline. The burden oflosing Dr. Hillton is lessened only by the consolation that people elsewhere will now be able to benefit from this man's extraordinary blend of good qualities.
L. M. G. HARVEY, Head Prefect.

M. J. Carver
Michael Carver came to us straight from Oxford where he took an Honours degree in geo
graphy and played soccer for the Centaurs.
His interest in geography spanned the breadth of the subject. He i'1vadd the chemistry labs. to test soil samples and persuaded the physics people to make him a devi:e for testing the specific gravity of rocks. He was constantly at the elbows of the mathematicians, desiring to learn about and experiment with quantitative techniques. In the field he brought a new meaning, as the Cadet Corps discovered, to the term 'arduous training'.
As a teacher, he had a gentle way with the young and advanced material for the sixth-former. He could not resist buying books, as few women can resist a marked-down bargain at the sales, and he distilled the essence of his reading to those who had ears to hear and eyes to see.
He loved playing football and cricket and devoted countless hours to school games. The boys could not stop him playing. On Sundays he played for a team calld Whitfield Sprtak where the lines are put down with sawdust and he could help to make the patterns more conformable to geometry.
He has moved to the Mathematical School, Rochester, as senior geography master. Their gain is our very real loss but we extend to him and to Mrs. Carver our thanks for s_rvi::es rendered to this school.
K. W. Pickering
In the September of 1964 a tall young man, slightly flamboyant i'1 dress, joined the Staff, the first master to be appointed with special responsibility for speech and drama, and in a very short ti"ne his lively, unconventional ideas had made him both a popular figure with his pupils and a source of
inspiration for his colleagues. Who but Mr. Pickering would have thought of organizing a fashion show of nlOdern men's clothing during a Monday form period? who else would have ridden into a classroom on a hobby horse? During his drama periods his apparently outrageous demands-"Be a shirt hanging on a line"-"Explode"-succeeded in stimulating the imaginations and enthusiasms of his pupils in a remarkable way and it is significant that several now intend to make a career in drama. Yet what no doubt many boys will most remember was the free and easy friendship he offered, especially to his own form. On many occasions he entertained groups of boys at home, and in the staff room his voice was often heard advocating a non-authoritarian kind of discipline. He had enormous reserves of energy. Not only did he produce two very unusual school plays, 'The Flies' and 'The Redemption', but he arranged assemblies, he taught at evening classes, he marked 'O'-level scripts, he played the organ at his local church, he played cricket for the Staff team, he studied so hard that the Pharos editors began to despair of finding room in the Staff List for the qualifications that grew behind his name and he wrote a book, 'Improvised Drama-a source book for teachers', which is to be published by Hutchinson's in the new year. He had a great love of music, especially of oratorio, and, perhaps rather incongruously, of old cars, each of which suffered frol11 odd illnesses which ranged from woodworm to a tendency for the rear whecls to climb upon the back seat.
He came to us from primary teaching and leaves us to take up a post in a teacher training college, a typical demonstration of his determination to experiment and to experiment as widely as possible. We wish him and his family great success and happiness in the future.

This story is guaranteed to eurdle the blood and put icy fear in the hearts of brave men.
About six years ago Harold Matthew Jones was an atomic research chemist on a lonely station in the north of Scotland. It was situated in the middle of a marsh, a desolate, bleak, windswept marsh. A marsh where atomic waste could be safely ejected. No-one lived within ten miles of
the station. The station was a tightly knit community but somehow Harold did not flt. He was a solitary, unmarried man and there was a feeling of arkwardness about him. The actual plant was a large brick building with lead-lined reactors deep in its heart and a channel was dug from these to the sea. Down this was pumped any waste.
It all started one winter evening. Work had finished for the day and the reactors were being closed down. Jones decided to go for a walk on the marsh. He did this occasionally when the moon was up. There was somehbw an exhilarating feeling in walking across the desolate strip of land listening to the weird blood-chilling cries of the comcrakes. The wind whistled across the flat land c2using Jones to huddle down in the warmth of his parka. He had walked about two hundred yards when a different cry rent the sky. A human cry! He stopped dead in his tracks. It had come from the waste outlet. Had some poor devil been trapped in the crushing plant and been carried out to sea by the irresistible flow of water, Jones ran back to the plant and told of what he had heard. No-one believed him. They thought his mind was affected by the long stays on the plant and anyway the outlet was fenced off. Perhaps they were right, thought Jones, perhaps he was mad.
Anyway he thought no more about it and went about his work in the labs. in the usual way. At nights, though, he did lie in bed thinking about that terrible shriek of despair. He did not think he would ever hear such a terrible sound again. It really had terrified him. About four days later he went for another walk on the marsh and to disperse any fears he walked down to the outlet. Round it was a barbed wire fence and in that fence was a hole big enough for a man. His heart jumped a beat as he realised the significance of this. He had heard a cry-but whose cry, That was the question. He started to walk back to the plant when he heard a horrible blood-curling roar. An inhuman roar. A monster roar. He started to run but calmed himself with the thought that it was probably only the sea or something. Or something! He quavered.
He was too frightened to run and he just did not know what to do. Then it was too late. A cold slimy hand gripped his leather-jacketed shoulder. It pulled his rigid torso round and he looked at the face. An evil, gruesome, frog-like face covered by a wet, brown slime. Water dripped off, running down the disgusting green body. The hands had claws like daggers on them. The feet were webbed, and culminated in horrible warts. The whole body was covered in warts. Eyes glinted out of deep, dark sockets. Its mouth opened and roared. Jones screamed. A terrified scream. "Help!" But 11O-one came. It started to claw at him, roaring and staggering, grasping at the squirming Jones. Oh why couldn't he run, Suddenly the monster (for such it was) let go and turned to hop with a frog-like movement into the nearby sea and disappear under the waves.
Jones himself never saw it again, and lying on the ground raving like a madman he was discovered at dawn by the man who delivered the milk. of course he was incredulous. "Och, sir, ye dinne believe in monsters de ye!"
However Jones had fainted. He was carried back into the sick bay and he was never the same man again. To this day he still rants on about the 'Monster'. No-one, of course, believed him and he himself thought he might have tripped and knocked himself out, but why had the monster suddenly left? He never knew, but a few days afterwards he left the establishment for hospital.
I said no-one believed him. One man did. He was a worker at the plant and it occurred to him that the monster might have been something trapped in the waste pipe and the atomic radiation had changed it into this monster. His theory was scoffed at but he believed it. He fmally came to the conclusion that he would have to go and kill the monster to prove there was one. One night he took a rifle and went out to the place where Jones had been found. It was not long before the same icy hand gripped him. He was going to put an end to all the ballyhoo and shoot the thing when the monster looked at the man and hopped off. Why was he not killed, The only things something does not kill are its own kind. Its own kind! Was it possible a man had been trapped in the outlet and had been affected by the atomic waste, It was a terrible but possible thought. The worker walked back to the plant deep in thought. No-one would ever know.
D. WEYMOUTH (2 Priory.)

Master of the Shallows
Still as a statue
Stands the heron,
Fishing in the muddy shallows.
Mirror reflection
Of his stillness,
Long neck pointed,
Yellow eyes watching.
Nothing moves.
Still he watches,
Then a frog
An ample snack
Moves beneath.
As lightning
Down the dagger beak falls,
And ripples cloud
The blood-filled scene.
N. BALL (2 Astor.) The Old Car
The old car was chugging, spluttering, banging guns and the man was dead cemetery stones. It was slow snail, thrush, eagle big and giant size. Water spurted fountains from its radiator warm. The door swung open, closed and stuck glue-hard.
The clutch grasp held, slipped, kicked and stopped red-hot burning, turning to neutral green
colour, rain-bowed. Gears changed wrong, right, left and centre of the road gritted rough. Touched the accelerator fast it gave way underneath strain. Went too fast, crashed, smashed
to bits fell off. The car was not now its original same, equal colour, red, blue sad crying tears.
G. E. HORTON (2 Park.)
People (by a Welsh Miner)
There goes Jack smoking, choking, coughing and phlegm; shouldn't be allowed, hasn't got long,
no wonder. Here comes Mike gossiping, joking behind people's backs; give him a chance and everyone
will know.
Here is Emfys young and fair, high heels, perfume, boys and pictures.
who is that by the fountain? Been there ages, new to me, like to meet them but can't stop now. There goes Mrs. Jones and family, they look sad, oh yes it's church today. There she marches
solemn, devout, filing behind her father and children, scrubbed and spotless, bright red faces, what a life!
Must be going, wife will worry, tea is ready.
G. BARNACLE (2 Park.)

The Mixture
I started with one little test tube, A thing that is harmless enough, When I put in some sulphuric acid
And a bit of that iodine stuff.
Then I added some blue copper sulphate, And a drop of, well, I don't know what, It said on the label 'Gel-ig-nite',
And that 'Highly Inflammable' rot. Then I added some alum and phosphorus, And a bit of magnesium too,
And I got out my small bunsen burner My mixture to heat and to brew.
Then I lit my small bunsen burner,
The things in my tube I did heat,
Then came a tremendous explosion, Which blew me right off my small feet. I'm writing this poem in plaster,
The wounds aren't too bad, I won't die, But as for those drops of gel-ig-nite,
I know now that labels don't lie.
P.J. CLAPHAM (r Priory.)
January ends and starts the year. It signifies the end of Mr. Middle Class's parties so he makes New Year's Eve the best, to last him through to his next Office Christmas Party. For Mrs. Middle Class it gives the chance to pacify forgotten relatives with New Year's Day cards as "this year we must really cut down on Christmas expenditure. We can forget Aunt. . . " and they had, but Sister Jane had reminded them of Aunty's being alone in the world. . . so here they were trying to regulate the balance of relatives remembered and forgotten.
For children and teachers alike the nine days from the beginning of the month till the start of the term are grasped at with the hands of drowning men, or, rather, viewed as a child views his first icecream, finding that whether he eats it or holds it, it disappears just as quickly. The Day draws nearer and the wish for snow takes on a more serious note as the night before the Day the sky is searched hopefully for that frozen whiteness which will block the roads. . . but it never comes and the drudgery starts.
The rainswept days of the holiday end just as quickly as the holiday itself and those bright, crisp, cold days seem just able to last until Half-Term at the end of the month. Between, though, is the pleasure of waking in darkness that slowly dilutes itself in the frost-ridden hours of early morning, of journeying out into a day where the grey skies are broken by scurrying patches of blue. By four o'clock the day ends, the sun retires behind its shutters of strata-cumulus and in the cities the commuters struggle home through the notorious January smogs.

A weekend arrives. The public holds its breath in anticipation of a glorious day for shopping, a drive into the country or a City v. United match to finish the day. The morning breaks and with it the weather. At nine the sky is not split by rays of sunlight but by i:Jches of thick snow that quickly drifts against the garage doors and blocks the route to the coal bunker, so Father fmally surrenders to the continual nagging and finds after an hour of strenuous shovelling that he has worked up a thirst that only a couple of jars at the local will quench and an appetite that ollly a large beef stew will appease. The afternoon comes and you settle down before the 'box' to watch some overpaid sportsmen earning a living and find that you really have not missed the 'match' as it has been postponed to a later date. Then half way through the results, after you have seen that Spurs were thrashed for the fourth consecutive week, it suddenly dawns on you that the visit to your au:Jt's will also have to be postponed and at this a warm glow spreads through your body.
The month jogs on and before long the cold, dry month ends to be replaced by saturating February and the howling gales of March.
J. MILLER (4 B.)
According to a cheap 'Home and Office Dictionary' ownd by the author, a badge, spelt as written, is an emblem distinguishing members of a society e.}.t. Dover Grammar School for Boys. Hence, a badge is an insignia. In this same cheap 'Home and Office Dictionary' owned by the author, an insignia is said to be liken unto a badge. In fact, the word insignia derives from th_ Latin signum, meaning sign.
Now then, we have established that a badge, or insignia, depicts a distinguished member of a society. But, and I must stress this 'but', even as a member of this society and hoJ:ling such a distinguished position as an ageing fourth former, could it not be possible, conceivable even, that such a member may not have the desire to shoulder such a burden / Hence, this member, confronted by this burden, attempts to deceive himself of the importance of his position by rendering his breast pocket naked, thus modelling himself upon his fme, upstanding form-master, his genial platoonleader, and honourable guardian, not to mention his history master.
And then, as if to disillusion this faithful member, to abuse his faith, to disgust his morals, to rupture his dependence ete., his idol, the very figure upon whom he had modelled himself, turns against, chastises, and even reprimands him for his devotion.
Oh, shame, etc.
Can this really be a true illustration of the kindly, loving care proffered by educational authorities/ Why, to think that such an inspired member should be defiled so, desecrated thus, polluted by the insane rantings of one misled soul! It is enough to ruin a whole future, demoralise all trust in one's fellow men.
Oh, the nausea, the deceit, etc.
What ogre could have devised such an evil creature, or even employed one/ The Government shall hear of this (as usual). Never before have I known, heard of, etc. (including seen) such a degrading failure, such a disgraceful bloomer, in such a dependable organization as this dependable organization. Woe unto any history masters who tread similar paths offalse glory, for the law suit is at the ready. Venture forth at your own risk, dare it if you will, but look before you leap, beware of the dog, etc. YOU HAVE BEEN WARNED.
G. WILSON (4 B.)

After the War
Barren Empty Buildings demolished Nothing alive, nothing living. Devastation Radiation Empty nations No more war No more peace Just a spinning dead ball. Jungle Grassland Mountains All sterile Only the deserts have not changed. N. TOWNING (2 Park.)
Thoughts Over An Ancient Grave
In death, it's said, men find peace,
Peace of mind and body. And yet,
These two, are they at peace lying in their pit!
They are dead, of course, of that none can doubt.
Did they die in violence, in war perhaps
Or did they die the martyr's death
For a higher cause than Man's,
They were violent times we know,
Men lived by the sword and died by the swordDon't they still today'
Will they, two thousand years hence, find
Two skeletons that once were us,
Killed not by a sword blow upon the head
But by a bullet through the brain,
How often one hears of terrorist outrages,
Murder of innocents left to rot in the dust!
In two thousand years what will remain,
Just dust, bones-and a bullet-crushed skull.
Two thousand years have passed since Rome
But still we do the same,
Still we fight and loot and burn, as they did so long ago.

Have we learnt anything from them?
It seems not, to be sure.
We still fight and kill,
Nation against nation, black against white,
Brother fighting brother,
Vietnam, Nigeria,
The Middle East where Jesus taught,
Even here the bullets fly and soldiers tramp.
When the skeletons died perhaps Christ was alive,
Proclaiming love to all mankind
They crucified Him and did not heed!
Are men at peace, even those who die?
I doubt it, not today.
M. DOOLIN (1. 6 K). Backing Britain
I have mixed feelings about the Back Britain movement: the cynic in me finds it easy to sneer at the campaign and dismiss it as yet another of those nine-day wonders so easily concocted by modern mass communications, but the patriot in me applauds the altruistic motives of the five Surbiton typists-and when I use that dirty word 'patriot' I do not wish to imply the jingoistic connotation one associates with Alf Garnett but rather do I envisage that well-worn dictum that the patriot hates his country creatively. Mass communications device or not, the Surbiton gesture has made a great many people, most of them in humble jobs, think seriously about the future of their country and how they, as individuals, can help. If the movement only narrows the great divide between 'them' and 'us' -for I cannot see it solving our balance of payments problem however much the campaign growsit will have justified its transient existence.
But to return to the cynic-the Back Britain movement provides him with some splendid targets. The typists who began the drive have been transformed by the familiar processes of Admass into national mini-heroines-adulated by the poet laureate and the T my press, showered with congratulations by politicians in need of a headline, churchmen in search of martyrs and industrialists hungry for profits. They have even received offers of marriage, presumably from other patriots (of the Alf Garnett variety here). In Shepherd's Bush, according to the Daily Telegraph, a vicar pinned a Union Jack to his cassock and said to his congregation: "Any couple wearing the same badge as myself can get married at a 10% discount." In Birmingham the owner of a betting shop is opening at 8 a.m. as his contribution to the production drive. The Daily Mail gives us daily a rapidly diminishing number of Union Jacks under each of which is proclaimed the patriotic exploit of yet another convert-a week ago we were still hearing of multi-million pound export orders; now we are reduced to the well-meant but rather irrelevant action of eight Uxbridge men who have volunteered to collect rubbish dumped in Hillingdon borough on one Saturday a month. Isn't it al!, the more cynical of us are bound to ask, just one big gimmick?
There is certainly a great deal of 'gimmickry' and humbug surrounding the campaign, but if
we can cut through this superficiality some aspects of the movement reveal themselves as worthy. In strictly economic terms, a movement to work longer hours voluntarily, without extra pay, does make sense, particularly in the export industries. It does not, as some trades union leaders have quickly, but imprudently, pointed out, increase productivity, but it does increase production. It may cut delays in fulfilling orders. The spirit it produces may lead to better servicing, to greater care at the factory bench and hence to higher quality in our finished products. Such results would be most pleasing, although I remain sceptical about the noticeable effect they would have on our balance-of-payments. At the most the effect will be marginal for I do not think that even this campaign is 'thinking big' enough.

However, the importance of the movement does not lie in the economic field. It is its psychological aspect which is the most significant-not what the campaign is doing, but what it belielles it is doing. Although we have enjoyed political democracy for decades, the spirit of 'them' and 'us' survives and is perpetuated by the growth in the complexity of modern government, the increase of bureaucracy and the sophistication of modern economics. This sense of alienation is accompanied by a quite unfounded confidence in the ability of government to effect change. The government is expected to work miracles beyond its capaeity and is blamed for disasters for which its responsibility can only be marginal. There are things the government can do and that we, the people, cannot; and vice versa. But we both share a common nationality. The government's job is to see that we all march in step and in the right direction. Any recognition that all of us, as individuals, have something to contribute to solving the nation's problems, that we cannot just abdicate our responsibilities to ministers, and then treat them as whipping-boys when things go wrong, is a sign of democratic health. The Back Britain movement may not solve any of the nation's problems but fundamentally it is an expression of that recognition mentioned above. The engine is sound, but it has to be incorporated in a better-designed body if the vehicle is to be a success.
The Back Britain movement is analagous with an egg. The gullible see only the hard, glossy shell. The cynic knows the shell for what it is: a weak, brittle facade supported by a horrible sticky substance known as Admass. The thing to do, it seems to me, is to see further than both the dupe and the cynic, to realise that the egg is but a catalyst for an as yet embryonic idea: that individuals can, and should, play their part in national life. And if this part could be moral, not just material, national revival, too, could not only be economically beneficial but morally worthwhile as well. A moral decision, such as that recently taken over arms for South Africa, might no longer be an oasis in a desert of expediency. This, I think, is to see too much in the basic motives of the people who initiated the Back Britain campaign, but it is better than to see too little and to succumb entirely to the current malaise of cynicism and pessimism. It took this country long enough to realise it was living above its station; let us hope it does not take so long to cure Britain of its suicidal inferiority complex.
D. J. LILLEY (0. 6.)
Socialist Democracy. . .
Fifty years ago the Russian peasants united against the oppression of the Tzar, fifty years ago they threw off the chains of autocracy, attacked the Winter Palace, killed the Tzar and his family and took over the government.
Democracy, however, did not replace autocracy-communism did, and now that the communist government has taken the freedom of the people the wheel has turned full circle. A country has no freedom when secret police strike in the night; a country has no freedom when writers are imprisoned; a country of free men does not need barbed wire, minefields and soldiers on its borders to kill refugees.
The well-being of the population has been considered of secondary importance to the building of bigger and better arms to turn against others. The economy is geared to heavy industry and the people have to suffer shoddy goods and bad servicing. Nationalization and collective farming have removed the incentives for people to work hard. Fortunately in some communist countries the politicians have seen the error of their ways. In Poland since 1956 the communist government has permitted land to revert back to private ownership, and despite the conservative methods used by the farmers production of crops has increased. In East Germany collectivization has led to serious food shortage which has had to be relieved by increased imports. Although state and collective farms expected to enjoy the benefits of economies of scale, it was found that people left for towns andindustry and those who remained had little incentive to work, whereas a farmer who works for himself feeds his family and then sells his surplus produce at a price cheaper than his competitors, and thus benefits the consumer with good-quality, low-priced produce in greater quantities.

Again state ownership in factories has proved unbeneficial to the population, for the great emphasis on production dictated by the state leads to false productivity returns, and such great emphasis on output makes it almost impossible to obtain spare parts for many items. Although Russian productivity is one and a half times greater than in this country, wages are less and only two thirds of the amount spent in this country on transport is spent in Russia; this means that Russia suffers severe losses of invisible exports and accumulates invisible imports.
The communists believe that economic decisions are political decisions, and this leads to a frightful waste of resources. For example, it was thought politically desirable to build a new steel industry at Cherepovets. The result was that the cost of treated ore was five times greater than elsewhere and the cost of coke twice as much, thus making the finished articles much more expensive than they should have been. Despite vast mineral and coal deposits the cost of metals in Russia is exorbitant; copper costs 1.7 times more than in the free world, aluminium twice as much, nickel 3.1 times as much, zinc 4 times, lead 7.6 times, tin 9.2 times and cobalt 10.3 times more than in the free world.
Whilst the Soviet people suffer the hardship caused by the mismanagement of the communist government they also have to contend with goods that are inferior to those produced fifty years ago. The concern with total output makes it impossible to keep machines in running order and causes dreadful waste. The people also have to put up with a poor excuse for a housing programme; the government provides as much new housing annually as is provided in this country, yet the population of the U.S.S.R. is far greater than the population of Great Britain.
Ignore the promises of the communists for they are empty. They rant and rave that they act on your behalf, for your benefit-remember empty vessels make most noise.
Communist propaganda debases and adulterates the ideals of free men to achieve its own narrow ends. To you or me 'peaceful coexistence' means living in harmony with one's neighbour, with other races and religions; but to the communist it means a condition which enables infiltrators and agitators to start riots and agitate workers. Towards the end of May, 1968, it was reported in several national newspapers that evidence had been found that showed universities were facing an internal subversion campaign aimed at damaging Britain's higher education. The methods employed were, it was said, the usual ones of communist agitators, the exploitation of genuine grievances and frustrations and the twisting of people's aims to suit themselves. The danger is nearer than you believe! This is how communism forces the policies and beliefs of the minority on the majority, despite its claim to bring about equality.
And Again
Opponents of socialism have varied the emphasis of their criticisms in the past fifty years. This is partly because of the different forms of socialist society that have arisen, but mainly because socialist societies have provided ample proof of the worthlessness of preceding criticisms. It was said of socialism half a century ago (as it is said of communism now) that it 'wouldn't work'. By this it was usually meant that only capitalists or aristocrats were capable of governing. Fortunately the Russian revolutionaries disproved this assertion by creating and governing the first socialist state. The rulers of the west reluctantly provided further evidence as to the untruth of their claim to be the best rulers by first killing several millions in war and then invading the young socialist state and being defeated by it. They consoled themselves for the first catastrophe by explaining that they had at last fought the war to end all wars and for the second by predicting, and doing what they could to assist, the economic ruin of the U.S.S.R.
Neither their predictions nor their actions were very successful, for by the outbreak of the Second World War total Russian production surpassed that of Britain and France combined. By this time, however, a worthy substitute for the discredited arguments about the economic impracticability of socialism had been found: this was socialism's lack of democracv. As other criticisms of socialism were rendered absurd, denunciations of its tyrannical methods l_lUltiplied until today its purported authoritarianism seems to be the sole object of many of its opponents' criticisms. This selectivity has many advantages for the opponents of socialism. For instance, it enables them to avoid economic

comparisons; which helps them in two ways. Firstly any comparison of the economic performances of socialism and capitalism would almost invariably rebound to the advantage of the former, even if the comparison were made on the basis of the criteria of progress which western governments set themselves. Secondly with socialists maintaining that the nature of any society is determined by its economic structure, avoidance of economic debate with socialists permits the apologists of capitalism to examine capitalist society on their own terms, with their own values and with their own methods of inquiry, and thus to blame the mounting social problems and recurrent economic crises on the mal administration of the other (capitalist) party, lazy workers or anyone of a dozen other things.
If, as I have suggested, the objection of many people to socialism is its lack of democracy, then it is worth examining socialist democracy to see if its detractors' arguments are valid. What does democracy consist of, I suggest that it is a society, not merely a political system, based on the precepts of liberty, equality and fraternity. If one accepts this, and I fail to see how any society which purports to be democratic can do without any of the three features I have mentioned (they might be supplemented, of course, but this is not necessary if they are given a broad deflllition), then no capitalist society can be democratic. Since all capitalist societies have certain features in common, and it is some of these that I shall discuss to show their undemocratic nature, we can take for an example of capitalist society Britain. Liberty, You can certainly say what you like or write what you like within reasonable limits; you can also vote every five years, but the political choice presented is, in effect, merely one between a couple of parties both determined to maintain capitalist society, whilst posturing as radically opposed to each other. The only real power the voters of this country possess is to elect every five years a different group of ministers who then proceed to act as if they were responsible only to themselves. Who voted for more than half a million unemployed? who voted for withdrawal from East of Suez? These, and many other decisions, were taken without reference to public opinion. But this will always be the way in our socieites where governments are really no more than the executive ofEcers of the capitalist classes. Fraternity, How can there be fraternity in a society constantly riven by bitter industrial disputes, in a society which fights wars such as those in Aden or Cyrus (or Algeria or Vietnam) in order to hold them under its sway' Equality, How can a society in which opportunity is largely determined by money, a capitalist society, ever have equality, The fact that several millions of people in this country live in abject poverty is still but dimly realised. And yet this is a fact common to all capitalist societies.
But these are common criticisms. The challenge is to devise an alternative-a democratic society. That such a society would have to be socialist I am willing to stand before any impartial mind, for it is only in a socialist society that the people as a whole will be able to decide their own destiny, freed from the troubles which characterize a capitalist society and yet abiding by the principles I mentioned. There is no such democratic society existing now, but the Czechs are developing theirs into one before our very eyes, and it is not unreasonable to expect similar developments in other socialist nations.
G. N. LONGLEY (06.) Educate for Life
"With all thy getting, get understanding." (Prol'erbs, 4: 7).
It is an extraordinary phenomenon that a baseless assumption can, by relentless repetition, acquire
the status of an axiom. Mass communications have filled our lives with them, from communism to soap powders, but a point is reached, sooner or later, when these 'self-evident' truths become ridiculous in the light of personal experience. Since the 1917 Russian Revolution, a period of change has dawned, precipitating the mass examination of the institutions and ideas of the old world. In such a period of revolutionary change, nothing remains sacrosanct, least of all the education of the new generation. The root of the so-called student rebellion lies in the rotten earth of an obsolete education in an equally antiquated society. The apologists for the 'status quo' are blind to this fact; in their arrogant ignorance or from their particular rung of the social ladder, they scream for repression, for their axiomatic concepts are being challenged and found to be unsupportable. The pace of change

has quickened, the whole world is on the move and the barometer of political and social change, the student population, shows that the future climate will be Socialist and democratic, with the elimination of private capital and vested interests.
The education system cannot be isolated from the basic structure of our society for it has evolved within that society. The system is authoritative, undemocratic and class-ridden just as Britain is herself. Its history is one of submission and compromise to working class demands; every advance has been achieved only after immense struggle. The idea of the comprehcnsive school was born in the labour movement, not the London University Insritute of Education, and it has been fought for in the teeth of bitter class opposition, so that working class children might obtain the true freedom of a full and proper education. Yet all too often, advances have been only administrative; the 'non-education' to produce the conformist units to feed the meritocratic economy is still dished out in period after period. But today, within the universities, students are combating with the greatest skill and tenacity to compel changes in the very nature of education. To protect their victories and to fulfil their wider social aims, they can only seek as allies the decisive social force for the fight against capitalism, the working class, an alliance the Right-Wing is most eager to prevent. And the wind of change will not by-pass the classroom. R. Mackenzie, a Scottish headmaster, made the point, "The system has become so out of touch with modern living that it is no longer feasible to patch and repair. It needs remaking from the foundations, that is, starting with the whole purpose of having schools at alL" ('A Question of Living', P.27). It is deeper than this, however, the society based on the private ownership of capital and its necessary corollary of antagonistic classes is itself outdated. Robert Maynard Hutchins once said, "We do not know what education could do for us, because we have never tried it." Indeed, for education has been prostituted to the needs of the economy. The system pays lip service to the requirements of the individual for capitalism demands non-thinking dehumanised robots not people. It ruthlessly annihilates the rebels who refuse to conform to its pre-conceived notions, or bows their young lives before the god called 'Examination'. "Our national educarion is based on an uncritical belief that the existing curriculum is good and the pupils must adapt themselves to it. In order that this end may be achieved, the pupils are lectured,provided with pep-talks and incentives, warned, promoted or demoted, punished; they write notes and revise their notes and sit tests and then examinations. It is based on what is called discipline. . . (which) generally means getting the nonconformists, all the awkward cusses, to conform by employing sanctions against them." (Ibid, P.II9). Our economic system must create people who fit its needs; people who will believe the T.V. adverts, people whose tastes are standardised and predictable, people who will fit into the social machine without friction. It must create docile workers free from all ideas of class or rebellion; in short, it must create machines from human beings.
At the other end of the stick, our 'rulers', the top civil servants, the officer class of the forces and police, the government ministers, are trained in the class-privileged environment of the 'public' schools and the universities of Oxford and Cambridge. In 1963, 75 per cent. of primary and 53 per cent. of secondary school children were in classes of over 30. The average in the public schools is 7 or 8! Over half our primary schools were built before 1900; 40 per cent. of secondary modern schools are seriously inadequate, rising to 79 per cent. in slum areas (Newsom Report). Such is our 'rulers' criminal neglect of the new generation. The elite 8 per cent., however, suffer none of these hardships for their fathers are not railway porters or dockers. The neglect of the education of the people is the price Britain pays for her public schools. "In education, poverty and inequality can be seen in two main ways: in the severely inadequate resources available for this fundamental social need, and in the gearing of the system to a narrow and restricted conception of human intelligence which confirms and perpetuates the class structure of British society. The separation of an elitist education for the 'leaders' from the rigidly vocational training for thc'lowcr ranks' . . . rcl1lain(s) characteristic." ('May Day Manifesto 1968', pp. 33-4.).
The acquisition of knowledge and the desire for cducation is not alien to Man, on the contrary, they are basic to his nature. Yet schools, and to a lesser extent, the universities, have to force their pupils to accept the curricula with the various blackmail devices at their disposal; like medieval medicine, it has got to hurt to do any good! Education is not a commodity for which teachers have to create a demand, the demand is there with the first qucstions of a small child. The systcm has failed to 'educate for life'. Values and personal relationships have becnneglected almost completely or dealt with in a paternalistic fashion. Sex is still treated as taboo, to bc dealt with as quickly as possible then forgotten, for Latin grammar is far more important, it disciplines the mind! There

is no school subject that cannot be related to human beings, their ideas and their values.
The Latin root, educo, means to 'bring out'; education should be the process of 'Bringing Out' a person's whole personality, not just vocational capacities, which only constitute a partial aspect of the person. It must equip him or her intellectually and emotionally to face and confront the problems of life, it must atrempt the Platonic ideal of developing the 'whole man'.
The System sacrifices the natural interests and creativity to the false idol of information on the altar of grades and examinations. The plague of education is the examination with its uncreative, factual and competitive nature. "Love thy neighbour" has become "Compete with thy neighbour for the highest rung of the social ladder". The examination is inaccurate and unreliable, often irrelevant and rarely very objective. "Instead of it being a test of intellectual ability, it is rather a subtle confidence trick in which success means your ability to persuade, deceive and convince the man on the other side of the acedemic fence that you are thoroughly conversant in the discipline, knowing full well that this cannot be demonstrated one way or the other within the confines of the examination chamber." ('Education or Examination' by Tom Fawthrop).
The future of Mankind rests in the hands of the generation at present being 'educated'. The case for educational reform, nay revolution, is powerful and urgent, the future depends on it. Great changes are being forced from within, but these can only be marginal while society remains stagnant. We need to abolish the private educational provision which perpetuates social division. A genuinely comprehensive system of nursery, primary and secondary education must be constructed, with the emphasis placed on the centrality of creative self-expression and an organic inter-relation between subjects, between theory and practice. The curriculum must relate all learning to the centres of each individual's need, rather than to prospective social economic grades. Education must be freed from the strait-jacket of the examination system, releasing the full potentialities of human creation. We must above all get understanding!
P. K. HALL (M. 6 D.)
The Narrow Boat/Fitness Holiday, 1967
The party met at Priory Station at 10.30 on the bright morning of the 26th August and by the afternoon had started a country-mile walk to the Rugby Wharf weighed down with Gaz cookers and life jackets. When everything was stowed away the narrow boats (72' by 6') moved offfrom the wharf down the canal and after some two miles turned round, much to the annoyance of the local fishermen, and were moored on the Oxford Canal, facing south towards Braunston and the Grand Union Canal. For the evening meal the party returned to Rugby for a fish and chips supper while Mr. Freeman returned to Rugby Central to greet Mr. Searle who returned to skipper the second barge. Bedded down by 9 community 'singing' went on till gone I I.
Awakened at 7.30 the crews emerged from the awnings to another bright morning. M.F.'s boat led off, as it did for the rest of the week, and by 9.30 the first flight of locks had been reached and, after some expert advice from the lock keeper, successfully negotiated. At the Braunston junction we moored under the watchful eye of Braunston Church which stands high above the canal. After lunch an e]even turned out against Braunston Sunday Leaguers. The School triumphed 2-1. Those 'unlucky' ones who did not play had the pleasure under PW.S's firm hand, of training on the pitch.
More training followed in the morning, again under PW.S.'s directions, with M.F. dozing in the hot sunshine, saving himself, so he explained, to teach them the finer points of touch rugby. Around II the boats, restocked with water, moved up a flight oflocks and moored in front of the Braunston Tunnel for lunch. The pilchards stowed away, the barges moved in single file through the haunted, I mile 230 yards of pitch-black tunnel. 14f miles, 7 locks and 4 hours later the barges halted at the Gay ton Junction. The evening meal over, the washer-up decided the cutlery needed more washing and so while others had a water battle and a water polo match he went diving for silver over the side.
On Tuesday morning the boats plunged into the darkness of the Blisworth Tunnel, speed dropping from 4t m.p.h. to 2, and halted below Stoke Bruerne for lunch. During the chores those free visited the Waterways Museum. The trip continued south again, dropping 8 locks to Yardley

Gobion. Here another team was picked to play the locals who, after a very sporting game, won 3- T. In the morning, after buying supplies and undergoing further training, the barges moved on to Cosgrove, the turning point.
Thursday's weather was cloudy and much cooler so the party moved off with awnings and entered the Blisworth Tunnel .On the twisting route leading to the NortonJunction locks P.W.S.'s boat went firmly aground and did not catch up with its companion until luachtime. After the Braunston Tunnel and the locks beyond the barges were moored and the party visited the village.
Next day again was dull and following breakfast there was an inter-boat soccer match. The afternoon brightened and during it the barges made good time into Rugby, but by then the rain had set in and showed up leaks in the canvas unknown before.
After rising early the following morning the crews trekked to the station while the unfit masters took a taxi. After getting caught up in a crowd of Manchester supporters in London Dover was reached in full sunshine.
1. MILLER (4 B.)
School Visit to Paris, Easter 1968
The School party arrived in Paris on Sunday, 7th April, five and a half hours after leaving Dover. We stayed in the Foyer des Lyceennes in Auteuil, an elite district of Paris. The Foyer was excellent in every way: the food, although continental, was not so strange as to provoke turned up noses, indeed there was very little waste; the rooms were comfortable, each containing a wash basin; there were showers and a lounge on our floor as well as a communal room on the ground floor which was fully furnished with a drinks machine and girls. There was also a television room which was rarely visited for the obvious reason that the programmes were in French and some table-tennis equipment which unfortunately had to be shared with other groups in the building. This was not too great a disaster, however, because of the very full and interesting itinerary which had been prepared.
Under the expert guidance of Messrs. Woollett, Payne, Denham and Salter we visited all of the well known sights of Paris as well as making all-day excursions to Versailles and Fontainbleau. It is difficult to pick out anyone visit as better than any other but I think that the events of Good Friday deserve special mention.
On Good Friday morning we went to the top of the Eiffel Tower, the most famous building in France if not in Europe. When, after three years' construction, it was completed in 1889 its three hundred metres (about nine hundred and eighty five feet) made it the tallest building in the world. Despite many people's early doubts about its stability it has stood for seventy nine years. This fact was quickly pointed out to those 'cheerful' members of the group who insisted that the Tower 'swayed a little in the wind'. We had to wait thirty-five minutes on the second platform for the lift to the top because of the large Bank Holiday crowd, but the view from the top made the wait worthwhile.
That afternoon was one of our busiest: we visited the famous Arc de Triomphe from which wc had an excellent view down the twelve avenues which meet to form L'Etoile; we then walked down the famous Avenue des Champs Elysees, perhaps the busiest road in the world, to the Place de la Concorde. To the disappointment of some of the more bloodthirsty members of the group the guillotine which had been used to behead the aristocracy between 1792 and 1793, and which had stood in the Place, was no longer there. We then visited the Musee du Jeu de Paume, an impressionist art gallery.
The other places of interest visited included Notre Dame, the Conciergerie, the Invalides, the UNESCO headquarters, the Quartier Latin which was to erupt into violence only a few weeks later, the Sacre Coem, the Louvre and the Palais de la Decouverte. A boat trip was made on the Seine under the first grey skies of the trip. Apart from this occasion the weather was splendid and, coupled with the excellent organization, this made for a very enjoyable and interesting holiday.
W. R. FITTALL (4 A.)

Skiing Holiday in Switzerland - Easter 1968
For the third year in succession Mr. Freeman led a School party into the icy wastes of Switzer
land where a successful skiing holiday was thoroughly enjoyed by all.
A journey in boat, train, funicular and finally cable-car brought us to Sport Hotel, Trubsee, precariously perched half way up Mont Titlis (3,239 metres high). Everyone was soon settled into our warm and practical wing of the hotel, and eager for a first attempt on skis. The chance soon came, but for those other than the veterans of the party more of the time was spent upended in the snow than actually skiing.
However, as the days progressed under patient and expert instruction all managed to prevail and slaloms, along with other skiing games, presented few problems to anyone. The real success of our skiing became obvious at the close of the holiday when, in spite of doubtful predictions by some individuals, we discovered that all those who had entered the bronze medal test had passed and two of the three who took the much more difficult silver medal had also been successful.
The meals were adventurous and considered to be very edible by the majority of the group. There was not time for boredom even in the evenings when the hotel games room, further enlivened half way through the holiday by a party of girls, provided entertainment.
Another highlight of the holiday was a trip to the very top of the Titlis. From here the brilliant sun, which had been with us for nearly all our stay, made the brilliance of the landscape even more pronounced. Though cameras, clicked all round the only way to capture the real beauty of the scene is to be there and stand and look upon the miles of mountain peaks stretching away to the horizon.
Everyone was sorry when he had to pack his last souvenir and prepare to carry his suntan back to Dover, but I am sure all will join with me in thanking Messrs. Freeman, Elliott and Searle, not forgetting, of course, their female companions, for their wonderful work which made this holiday as unforgettable as it was.
D. A. HINTON (3 Frith).
Swanage: The Promised land
Last Easter the Sixth Fortn Geography set visited the Mecca of Britains' geologists-Swanage. Led by the prophet Ruffell, and his disciples Carver and Cunnington, various places of geographical and geological interest were seen. For the first time a party from this school was accompanied by girls from the Frith Road School. The faithful left Dover by train on the 4th April (Thursday),
and visited the High Temple (commonly known as the Geology Museum) in London en rol/te.
A triumphant entry was made into Swanage at about 5 o'clock, and, after refueling, the party introduced itself to the town.
For the course of the next five days, using the hotel as a base, pilgrimages were made to the numerous shrines of Geographrodite. On the fmt day the party walked, in small groups, from Shell Bay, near Poole harbour, back to Swanage. On the way some of the lnvincibles performed the magnificent feat of trudging through what can only be described as a bog, and scaling a God-forsaken lump of sandstone, known, for some obscure reason, as the Agglestone. All this, according to the authorised version, in order to prove their faith, but, according to the truth, in order to defeat certain of the hierarchy, who, despite their relative youth, failed muddily.
During the period of stay the faithful dutifully prostrated themselves before the textbook classicism of Chap man's Pool, Lulworth Cove, and Durdle Door, waded knee-deep in rotting vegetation along Chesil Beach, and gazed in amazement upon the wonders of the Cheddar caves-Pixie forest, Swiss village, Faery Grotto, and the Guide.
On most days the party returned to Swanage in the late afternoon, and, after copying-up the inspired Gospel, had dinner. Then came an harangue, followed by, for several, the usual nocturnal excursion into the toWl1.
On most nights, after the weary had retired to bed, all was certainly not quiet. It was thought, therefore, to be a safe assumption that the last night would be rather "unsettled", but, although it is

rumoured that some people's beds and pyjamas suffered grievously, it was unexpectedly without incident.
On Wednesday, IOth April, the party disgorged from the train on to Dover station. Most of them were still in one piece, the only injury sustained by one unfortunate who, after prancing around all over the place, managed to sprain his ankle walking up some steps.
I think I speak for all when I say that the trip was enjoyed immensely. We would like to thank Messrs. Ruffell, Carver, Cunnington and Miss Brooks, for all the time and trouble that they obviously spent on making the trip, in cJiche, the success it was.
D. COLEMAN (M. 6 c.) Biology Field Course, Easter 1968
The grey roads of Dover made shiny by a late fall of wet snow were left behind as the coach made its way through the occasional flutter of Easter snow flakes. An artificial barrier drawn between the two contingents soon disintegrated as the party became one. For the first time the Middle Sixth biologists were joined by their compatriots from the Girls' Grammar School on the annual Biology Field Course at the Flatford Mill Field Studies Centre.
The Mill lies on the Essex-Suffolk border near the village of East Bergholt, deep in the countryside made famous by John Constable's immortal landscapes. I remember vividly the brisk walks through this country beside the frost-covered hedgerows as the sun made its early morning debut with only the birds for company. The drabness of town life was remote and thankfully forgotten. For one glorious week the outside world was lost in the tranquility of Nature; even the tragic murder of Martin Luther King and its aftermath seemed unreal and unimportant.
The frequent! y quoted stories of the previous year's continual rain were not to be ours, for, like some miracle, the late winter changed overnight into premature summer. The sun shone with welcomed brilliance, making our work the more enjoyable and easy. Nature herself seemed to be grateful for this foretaste of summer; the ducks continued their mating play in earnest, while the song of the unseen skylark dominated the peaceful coast.
The course was much the same as last year; a preliminary survey of ecological methods, the identification of flora and fauna, and finally individual or group investigations. We covered three main habitats: woodland, pond and stream, each requiring its own particular method of study. Quantitative analysis of plants in variously coppiced areas of a wood yielded interesting results, while correlations between the land profile or acidity of the soil and the flora present were attempted. The relationships between the habitats within a stream and their fauna were examined and provided some scientific criticism of the methods adopted. A final identification quiz was useful practice for the A-level examination.
The week was not without its humour. The spectacle of'Dozey' Spicer endeavouring to retrieve his apparatus from a branch of a tall oak tree provided laughter on the first day, while'Joe' Hardy's casual remark as he slipped into several feet of mud: .. 'Ey, lads, I'm sinking" became a source of amusement. Chris Andrews' yoga practice beneath an umbrella each evening was a permanent joke and the appearance of a ghost (later identified as car head-lights) in Willy 1ott's Cottage, where the girls stayed, was taken seriously by only a few.
For me, at least, the week at Flatford held a further significance for in many ways it was an experiment in education. It confirmed my faith in the progressive ideas that co-education and freedom from the usual school conformity and discipline create better people in a better community, more able and willing to learn. The experience of working, learning and living within a natural, free community was, I believe, as valuable as the biology we studied.
Finally, I am sure that I am speaking for the rest of the party, in expressing our deepest thanks to Mr. and Mrs. Field, Mr. Hay ton and Miss Parry for their magnificent help and guidance throughout the course.
P. HALL (M. 6 D.)

'The Redemption'
I left 'The Redemption' wondering whether it was good, bad or indifferent, and still have not been able to decide. After 'The Flies' nothing would have been easier than a relapse into the selfsustaining works of Shakespeare, but although the labour pains are rather daunting we are undoubtedly witnessing a minor revolution as a new tradition of school drama is being born.
From Jean-Paul Sartre and an established philosphy the School took to a play whose worth depended on itself and not on the name of the playwright, and the pre-judgement rampant in previous years was impossible on this occasion: we waited, therefore, not quite with baited breath but certainly with eager anticipation. The result was something of an anti-climax. No matter how accomplished the School drama group is it cannot convert a dismal succession of scenes into a coherent whole when the thread of continuity does not come from the play but is in the audience's mind. The difIlculties this play involved would have confounded anybody but the Royal Shakespeare Company. Mr. Honeycombe craftily relied on the audience's knowledge of the life of Christ to supplement that thin thread of continuity which ran through his play; nevertheless it was insufficient because at the end the impression was not that the play was either good or bad but that a particular scene was good or bad. While trying to recapture the flavour of the cycles run by mediaeval plays Mr. Honeycombe forgot that his audience are no longer devotees of the theatre, and on this occasion they were in fact dutiful parents and friends who know little of mediaeval drama but have a blurred memory of :Julius Caesar' and expect to see something similar. Naturally the danger that he will expect too much of his public is one faced by all artists, but in this case it was accentuated and I felt Mr. Pickering had to make the play either modern or mediaeval, there being no really happy medium; whatever he chose, though, elements of the other would inevitably have to be used.
This was a very basic structural weakness; it remained neither mediaeval nor modern but contained elements of the old Mystery plays tacked on to an essentially twentieth-century production. Thus, throughout, the play suffered from dramatic schizophrenia, hopping from the song and ceremony of the sixteenth century to the intense emotion, prevalent in the theatre of our age, with which Evans managed to fill the auditorium. This was the only place where the production stumbled, and even here it can be attributed to the playwright.
I did not notice the lighting; I suppose it was good, it usually is. The wardrobe and make-up I did notice; both were always used expertly to heighten the atmosphere of the individual scenes, be they the court of Herod or the Nativity. The mangled free-arches which dominated the set ended up looking more like a silhouette of Golgotha, and therein lay their effectiveness, helping to c5trengthen that very thin thread. Trapping the audience between shepherd and angel was a masterly device, giving the feeling of audience-participation which was essential to early-Elizabethan drama With any luck the on-stage singing was forgotten too. The trapdoor at the back of the stage was put to good use, the disappearance of the singing shepherds, to emerge a scene or so later, baffled many of the audience.
Despite his white garb John Harris was cold and unemotional, totally un-Christ like. Most {)f the time his voice was a monotone of paternalism, his attitude one of a condescending headmaster treating his prefect-disciples as if their only worth was their closer association with him. Only in the crucifixion was the wooden exterior whipped away, yet the power of what was otherwise an extremely moving scene was lessened because even when being baptised he acted as ifhe knew he was to die soon. The shepherds fulfilled their function of light relief perfectly, especially John Redman and his wandering accent. John Meadows was excessive, but had his crown had horns and his sword been a trident he could not have "out-Heroded Herod" so well. A special mention for Nicholas Fright who stood still and said nothing admirably-and all the others with similar rolls; they did little but contributed a great deal. But it was again John Evans, superb as Judas, who added both dignity and feeling to the production. His words, his gestures, his whole performance, were real; they belonged not to John Evans but to Judas Iscariot, and it seemed unfair that his part could not have been bigger; but whoever heard of a rotund Christ.
Evans' departure and the total lack of anyone commanding actor bodes ill for the future, but I hope Mr. Howie can continue the breakthrough Mr. Pickering achieved, and not rcly on Shakespeare to make the next school play a success for him.
J. McMAHoN (M. 6 J.)

The Dover and Folkestone Sixth Form C.E.M. Conference
The preliminary meeting of heads of schools, heads of R.E. and sixth form representatives was held in October, 1967. It was decided at this meeting to plan for a different kind of conference, dispensing with the services of a speaker and using local resources. The general theme of 'The Relevance of Christianity. . .' was chosen and divided into four sections, 'The Relevance of Christianity in Man's dealing with Man', 'The Relevance of Christianity for Man in Society', 'The Relevance of Christianity to Man in his Natural Environment' and 'The Relevance of Christianity to Man Questioning his Destiny'. Each school agreed to give some time in the next six weeks to noting down book references and to collecting journals, magazine and newspaper articles that were relevant to any of the four aspects of the theme. These were eventually sent to c.E.M. and were compiled into four resource documents.
In January, 1968, a further meeting was held of members of staff interested in this do-it-yourself conference and students who could become discussion group leaders were they required. The purpose of the meeting was to discover how many students wanted to attend the conference and which workshops they wished to enter, to allocate the resources of leadership and plan for the conference day. The staff and students present were divided into the leadership of the four workshops and between that meeting and the conference day two months later some of the workshop leaders and their student staffs met together for discussion, wrote research papers, prepared poster material and collected further magazines and articles they felt might stimulate their workshop.
We had plalmed that ou the day of the conference the c.E.M. secretary would take no longer
than five minutes to start the conference by explaining the programme; students would then move totheir workshop headquarters for a brief introduction and, thereafter, they might read, discuss, write, paint, compose poetry or songs-working in pairs, groups or as individuals. The one fixed point in the day was the session timed to begin at 3.00 p.m. when the work of the workshops had to be shared with the rest of the conference; this would not be a matter of reporting, but of presenting short plays, sketches, songs or specially prepared visual material. The workshops decided to hold a meeting half an hour before this to decide what themes should be mentioned and to plan their twelve minute slot.
Not surprisingly some members of the schools' staffs were not convinced that the plans in which they were involved were going to work. But on the day the students worked, discussed, read, composed-generally worked with vigour (even through the break for a sandwich lunch)and presented a final session that was memorable for its breadth of concern, sensitivity and humour. There were many expressions of appreciation for the opportunity to have this sort of relaxed working conference day. Leaving the students apparently free to please themselves produced fine results.
This conference had depended on the trusting co-operation of schools' staffs and C.E.M. secretary and on the willingness of the staffs to do much preparatory work. It could be worked in areas where there was not a member of c.E.M. staff. If the planning meeting had been held earlier some members of staff would have been able to incorporate the conference theme in their sixth form teaching programme and thus ease some of the pressure on time; it would have been useful also to have had an assessor sitting in on the final session who would have made critical comments on some of the views expressed, drawn out further Christian implications and suggested further avenues of thought. As it was, after a very tight hour's programme, the students went home well pleased with themselves!
(Quoted from Sixth Form News, published by C.E.M.)
The School Council
This year has been by far the most active for the Council since its inauguration in 1962. The K.E.c. capitation grant (this year amounting to £36-1)-0) which makes up the fmancial resources of the Council has been used to provide, among other things, donations to numerous charities, equipment for the Fencing Club, and other assorted sports equipment. The House Championship has been changed in several ways, the most important being the addition of a Chess Competition. The

system by which donations to charity are collected has been altered in order to promote freer giving by members of the School, and a Council Committee is to be set up next year to organize the running of the Lent Appeal of 1969. Suggestions for reforms to school life have been the subjects most discussed at the Council's meetings; of these Mr. Hall's proposals concerning the Sixth Form which were passed by the Council in May 1968 were perhaps the most far-reaching.
The thanks of the whole Council go to its officials for this year, especially to Mr. Harvey who
has proved to be a most competent Chairman. S. LONGLEY (Secretary.)
Library Notes
One of the pleasanter experiences of a school librarian is to receive books presented by boys (and parents) who feel a desire to acknowledge in tangible form their appreciation of what the school has offered them (though the pleasure is often tempered by the apprehension that such books may not be sufficiently appreciated-or appreciated far too much).
A supplementary pleasure, which was forgone last year, is to acknowledge these gifts in Pharos.
Here are the latest (without exception, I hope);
From the parents of Nigel Pointer, who died in 1966, Dubois's Larousse 'Dictionnaire Moderne';
From the parents ofNicholas Snell, who died in 1965, R. H. Bainton's richly illustrated 'History
of Christianity'; From W. Schermuly, 'From Ship to Shore', his grandfather's account of his own invention,
the Pistol Rocket Apparatus, which has saved many a sailor's life;
From R. G. Thorp (1953-61), 'The New Bible Dictionary' of the Intervarsity Fellowship;
From L. M. Huntley (1958-65), 'Africa-The Art of the Negro Peoples' by Lezinka, in the
Methuen series 'Art of the World'; From K. Knight (1959-66) the splendid 'Complete Atlas of the British Isles' published by
Reader's Digest;
From G. S. Trice (1959-66), 'Electronic Outline of Organic Chemistry' by S. H. Tucker; From T. J. Vardon (1959-67), the richly illustrated 'The Life and Times of Louis XIV'; From T. R. Dixon (1965-68), 'Pesticides and Pollution', one of Coli ins' New Naturalist seriesin addition to a set of the novels of Charles Dickens and a volume of Shakespeare's plays; From M. and Mme. Ceron, whose two boys for several years have attended the last month or
so of the summer term, a lavishly illustrated 'Versailles'; From M. Kucukkayalor, whose two sons attended here for about a year, another beautifully
illustrated book 'Auvergne'. Both Mr. C. L. Evans and Mr. K. W. Pickering were generous enough to present continuing reminders of their service in this school: Mr. Evans, the poems of four American poets, Sylvia Plath, Robert Lowell, Marianne Moore and Wallace Stevens; and Mr. Pickering a library edition of the works of]. B. Priestley.
A final gift (nobly saved from salvage !), by C. J. Smithen (1957-64) was, and will be for long, ajoy: 'The History of "Punch" up to 1894', and bound volumes of , Punch' from its first publication in 1841 to the end of 1891-but with a gap where July-December 1861, all 1862, and January-June 1863 should have been. Naturally we should be delighted to have these gaps filled by bound or unbound numbers; and a consequent ambition is to bring the set up to date! Will anyone who has, hears of, or comes across these issues please get in touch with the School librarian!
Help is needed in another project: the gathering together of a 'School Collection', a copy of every book and/or pamphlet written by a master, a past master or an Old pharosian. We have a small nueleus, of books by Mr. Pearce, Mr. Coulson, Mr. Mittens, Mr. Marriott, Mr. Hull, Mr. Evans, Mr.]. R. Taylor, Mr. K. Lott, and Pro£ 1. Watt; but there must be many more of which we have no knowledge. Will Old pharosians who do have it please let us knOW!

Combined Cadet Force
Three or four years ago, in the days of Opinion, a School newspaper, I remember reading an article entitled 'The Lacey Report' which commented on the fact that the first formers appeared to have 'lost their bite'. It appears that as third and fourth formers they have not changed, since Jast year's intake into the CCF. was the lowest for many years. What does each section offer:
In the Royal Navy Section a cadet can learn seamanship, semaphore, morse and knotting; he can go boat pulling and sailing in the harbour and, of course, go to sea each year for a week or so as part of his annual training camp.
The Army Section offers instruction in fieldcraft, map work, camping, weapon-training,eombat engineering and signals. Camps are held each year during the summer holiday. This year's camp is in Germany.
The Royal Air Force Section teaches cadets the principles of flight, navigation, meteorology, airframes and engines. Visits to R.A.F. Manston are becoming so frequent that 'flying' has become one of the Wednesday afternoon activities for the fifth and sixth forms. For those who prefer to fly without an engine, every summer holiday four or five cadets go to R.A.F. Spitalgate to learn to fly a glider solo; cost-just onc shilling a day, all expenses paid. In future more use is to be made of the section's primary glider which is housed on Leney's. As in other sections there is an annual camp, usually during the Easter holidays.
All three sections take special proficiency examinations held about twice a year. There are certain activities for which all three sections combine: light-weight shooting, radio and signals, motorcycling, camping and adventure training courses, and next term we hope to introduce driving instruction as a regular activity. There are also flying scholarships and outward bound courses. Apart from individual training, the termly exercise 'Operation Falcon' gives cadets a chance to show their initiative in teams. We are very grateful to the prefects and sixth formers who have turned out to man check-points and to act as umpires, sometimes in very disagreeable weather conditions.
During the last year members of the R.N. Section have spent a week training in submarines, while the Army Section spent an energetic but enjoyable week at West Tofts Camp, Norfolk. The R.A.F. Section have had two camps during the year, the first at R.A.F. Cranwell and the second at R.A.F. St. Mawgan, a Coastal Command station in Cornwall. At the latter cadets were given flights in Shackle ton aircraft and went on patrols in M.T.B's.
The most recent exercise, held over half-term, involved a two-day camp at Kingsdown Scout
Camp. Highlight of this exercise was a very energetic and exciting night-game in which teams had to attempt to telephone a central H.Q. from various points round the camp site, while a militant home-guard (mainly from the Lower and Middle Sixth) tried to stop them. During the following morning cadets were marked on how well they carried out certain tasks such as pitching a tent blindfolded. Meanwhile in the kitchen the cooks were tormenting the lunch, a stew so I'm told, over a hot smokey fire which seemed to be just under control.
I am sure that anyone who joins the c.c.F. will after two or three years realise that his time has not been wasted, and that through the experience he has become a more responsible self-reliant individual.
Finally I should like to thank the officers for their efforts in running this difficult but, in my
opinion, most important of the extra-curricula school activities. C. H. ANDREWS (Under-Officer.)
Phoenix Society
Having kept the Minutes Book up to date for a whole year, I am not prepared to rehash those reports here. Instead I prefer to give a personal survey of the Phoenix Society.
The title of the Society and its method of member selection are enough to cast over it a veil of deep secrecy. But what is the essential substance of this coterie and what does it corporately aim at achieving? We have discovered that we rarely reach conclusions or complete agreement on whatever topic. Our aim is to analyse by discussion and to express our own interpretations and ideas; we attempt a catholic, even eclectic, style and save ourselves from smugness by being aware and informed. Religious and anti-religious bias are individually suppressed, partly because religion

is intellectually a dead bird among youth, but mainly because we resent even the image of the doctrinaire. This is not to say that we have no ideological hang-ups: we have enough to make any meeting continue into the small hours, except that it is fruitless talking to a brick wall, and as far as a brick wall is concerned it is always the others who are the brick walls.
It is regrettable that personal gods spoil sociability. In future years aimed at mutual tolerance Phoenix could become even less of a school society, more of a friendly clique without becoming phoney or affectedly smart. For a society which is concerned with discussing ideas to be successful, it is necessary for it to cultivate its own atmosphere offreedom and importance. This is arrived ar by meetings being held in masters' homes. Phoenix is criticised sometimes by those not in it of being too much of an in-thing to the extent of artificiality. I maintain that it is necessary to dress up the image otherwise it will be a less el_oyable thing.
Next year's programmes are already being devised. Ironically, I suppose, a discussion is planned for the fifth anniversary of John Kennedy's assassination, in which the uncertain facts surrounding the event will be examined by Mr. P. Piddock. After Robert Kennedy's assassination the American's 'right' to possess firearms will no doubt come under scrutiny. Genera1ly, our meetings have had a strong socio-political bent. This is good, but science and the arts do have other aspects apart from their relation with man and society and an attempt might be made to find alternative frames of reference which can be brought to bear on subjects.
We thank those masters who have obliged in lending us their rooms and who have provided refreshments over the past year, and Mr. King, our dispassionate tiller hand.
R. HORTH (Secretary.)
History Society
A cursory glance at the Minutes of the Society will suffice to show that 1967-68 has been our most active year to date, and though attendances have fluctuated we can now norma1ly expect an audience of about twenty people. The increase during the Autumn Term is doubtless partly attributable to the opening of this hitherto male preserve to rhe Girls' Grammar School. It is sad to relate, however, that no girls have attended during the last few months and we can only hope that this is a temporary lapse due to publicity-failure on our part. We are eagerly anticipating our first female speaker.
The year began with a visit from Mr. T.]. Vardon, a very new Old Boy, who spoke at length of the vicissitudes of Northumbria, Mercia and Wessex during the Dark Ages. It was not an auspicious start from the point of view of support but this was undoubtedly due to the choice of a subject of limited general interest. Of much more interest was Mr. W. G. King's description of East Kent in Napoleonic times-one of its more memorable aspects being an analysis of the strategic importance of the never-to-be-forgotten Ringwould Artillery. The highlight of this term was Mr. P. Piddock's exhaustive and fascinating study of the Growth and Development of British Nuclear Disarmament Movements since 1945.
During the Spring Term, thanks to the influence of our Chairman, Mr. Anderson, we were able to welcome two outside speakers: Mr.]. A. Woolford and Mr.]. A. Maclean. The former sought to account for Britain's place in the world, tracing her development from pre-Roman to present times, and attributed her post-19th century decline to her social conservatism-the reluctance to make large-scale investment in education and the slowness with which reform of the political power structure was undertaken. Mr. Maclean gave a lucid and entertaining analysis of the Literary Revolt against Industrialism in England. Messrs. Flood and Lilley attempted to unravel the complex controversy about George HI for the benefit of A-level students, and at the beginning of the Summer Term Mr. M. E. Quick argued skilfully to refute the popular belief that President Andrew Jackson strengthened the powers of his office.
Remembering the mot that a camel is a horse designed by a committee, we have endeavoured to maintain our efficiency by a very small organisational body consisting of Messrs. Anderson, Flood and Lilley, who owe thanks to Mr. Freeman for his welcome assistance. The officers for next year are Messrs. Aylen, Baker and Brown, whom we wish the best ofluck.
D.]. L1LlEY (u. 6.)

Unfortunately this year has been one of marking time for the Christian Education Movcment
in this school. Membership has dropped but our members at the moment are very loyal.
The main event of the ycar was our conference at The Duke of York's School and this was most enjoyable. The meetings which led up to this involved some of our members in a considerable amount of work, for which I am most grateful A report of this occasion is to be found elsewhere in Pharos.
One successfulmceting was held at Deal and this appealed to the more musical of our members. Mr. Bryan Anderson, organist and choirmaster of St. Leonard's Church, Deal, presented an evening of church music from its beginnings with plainsong through to Les Swingles representing 20th century music. It was presented in an interesting way on wonderful equipment. Discussion and coffee helped the music down.,
A meeting scheduled for the 15th February at which Mr. Piddock was to speak on 'Morals in Politics' had to be postponed as Mr. Piddock was ill, but this meeting was later held when Mr. Piddock and his wife kindly led a most interesting discussion on this topic.
Several attempts were made at arranging joint meetings with the Girls' Grammar School; unfortunately the girls always seemed to have some other function on and no such meetings havc been held this year.
I shall be leaving at the end of this term and I hope that the c.E.M. will flourish next year. I
should like to finish by thanking Mr. Payne for his continued interest and help. D. WESTON (Secretary.)
Choir and Orchestra
The Choir participated in several events throughout the year: on Guest Evening they sang four-part arrangements of Linden Lea, Bonnie Dundee, A Spanish Love Dance and Pizzicato Polka; for 'The Redemption' they provided incidental music; for the School Service at St. Mary's the chorus 'Lift up your Heads' from 'The Messiah' and 'How lovely are Thy Dwellings' from Brahm's 'German Requiem' were sung by the full Choir, and Britten's 'Balulalow' was sung by the trebles. The Orchestra contributed a recital to the Guest Evening, at which Haydn's 'Minuet and Trio' from 'The Clock Symphony', Woodhouse's 'Peasant Dance' and Schubert's 'Marche Militaire' were performed. Two pieces were played by a group of clarinets. It is gratifying to see the increase in the size of the wind section, although the string section is rather weak. We now have four clarinets, two trumpets, two French horns and one oboe.
B. F1SHWICK (M. 6.) Modern Languages Society
Au cours de cette annee le Cercle des Langues Vivantes a eu plusieurs reunions interessantes. Nous avons ecoute des chansons de Georges Brassens enregistrees par la RB.c., Mr. Woollett nons a fait une causerie illustree sur la Dordogne et Banning (M. 6) a organise un quiz tres amusant. Burrows (L. 6) nous a donntS un aperc;u de la vie politique en France et Eaton (L. 6) a parle de Strasbourg.
Nous avons done eu un programme assez varie. Nous esperons qu'a l'avenir les eleves de la cinquieme et sixieme annees continueront a seconder les efforts du comite et que les reunions auront une assistance aussi nombreuse que possible.

Fencing Club
This year has been very successful for the club: the junior team won the Kent Schoolboys' Championship while the senior team was only knocked out in the semi-finals by Dane Court; members of the club managed to fight their way into the semi-finals of the Hol1ier Trophy; the club had three semi-finalists in the Frank Page Trophy, of whom T. Harrison came fourth in the fInals; against the Junior Leaders Regt. we both won and lost at foil, but won at sabre.
]. E. SMITH (M. 6].)
Sailing Club
The honour of the latter half of last season must surely go to 'Miss Fytte' sailed by M. Linsley who, crewed by R. Bruce, came 4th in the Enterprise class at the Schools' Nationals at Berwick and, crewed by A. Mitchinson, sailed extremely well to gain a 3rd overal1 in the Enterprise Junior Nationals at Wraysbury. 'Miss Fytte' also won the Enterprise class points series at the R.c.P.Y.c.
In March we received another Enterprise dinghy, 'Electron Spin', from the proceeds of the two Herons we sold, while 'Jeroboam' gained a new set of sails.
The growth oflocal Enterprise racing at the R.c.P.Y.c. has been reflected in our open meeting successes. P. Brothwell and P. Iverson sailing 'Pied Piper HI' won overall at Maidstone in April. M. Linsley gained a second overall in the Dover Enterprise Open in May while the 'Pied Piper' team and]. Aylen with]. Morris sailing 'Square' tied for 3rd overall place.
F. Catt and A. Johnson sailing their Mirror Dinghy 'Quest' won the Deal Mirror Open and both F. Catt and his brother ]. Catt are to be congratulated on their Open Meeting efforts.
The K.S.S.A. elimination trials held at Minnis Bay in June were raced in trying conditions. M. Linsley gained second place in his O.K. Dinghy while R. Bruce and M. Clarke came fourth and the A ylen-Morris team fifth in the Senior handicap. In the junior handicap F. Catt and A. Johnson came 2nd.
The Masters' Race proved somewhat dampening for some of the participants but was won by
Mr. Large and]. Morris in 'Square'. Finally no record of the Sailing Club's year would be complete without a sincere expression of our thanks to the Staff, and in particular Mr. Large, whose effort, time and patience have been invaluable. ]. AYLING (L. 6.)
The Sailing Captain has reported details of sailing successes above, but I should like to take this opportunity of congratulating him, John Aylen, the Vice-Captain 'Johnny' Morris and Junior Captain 'Splodge' Clare on the way in which they have organised sailing this season. With the acquisition of a third Enterprise dinghy the chores attached to repair and maintenance have increased considerably, and despite my frequent moans have been well carried out. The year has been exceptional in that so many people have accepted responsibility, and to name but a few we are indebted to Nick Fright, 'Spider' Bruce, Pete Chambers and 'M.J.' for their constant help in teaching younger members.
Individual successes are noted elsewhere but special mention must be made ofTony Mitchinson, who in his last year as a conspicuously successful Fleetwind sailor, terminated his career in this class by winning the South East Area Championship. Tony now changes to O.K. dinghies, and we wish him equal distinction in his new boat.
As usual I am disappointed that there are not more qualified helmsmen in the season's records, but there is some real enthusiasm amongst the very young, outstanding amongst them being P. Elms, C. Stubbs and T. Hunnisett, all of whom obtained their crewhands certificates early in the season. In enthusiasm and consistency the girls outdo the boys and Angela Jefferies has done wel1 to keep the weekday sessions going without the help of a Staff member qualified to teach. She and the boys have always managed to put the novices afloat and this effort will doubtless be rewarded next season.
On the boys' Staff Mr.]. Cunnington this year qualified for the National Schools' Sailing Association Asst. Instructor's Certificate, and his services have been very much appreciated.

Once again we are indebted to the Parents' Association for sails (over £30 for the un-initiated) to bring the third Enterprise up to the standard of the first two.
We are also most grateful for the help of parents in trailing boats and providing transport for personnel travelling away to Open Meetings. Again it might surprise the non-sailor to know that attendance at a meeting twenty-five miles away involved Messrs. Aylen, Bruce, Ca tt, Cunnington, Chambers, Elms, Fright, Large and Linsley in driving a total of 795 miles! Obviously without this parental support we should not get very far, and it is to this sort of help that we owe any success we may have in open competition.
Although the U.12 team contained several skilful players it failed to do itselffulljustice because at moments of difficulty teamwork was often abandoned for solo efforts. Also half-backs found great difficulty in learning the defensive side of their positions. The result was a strange mixture of easy victories and unnecessarily heavy defeats.
The U.13 team made up in enthusiasm and effort what it lacked in ability and gave several sound performances. The forward line played particularly well and this was reflected in the number of goals scored. Smith, who captained the side during the first part of the season, was missed when he left unexpectedly in the middle of the first term. His successor, Redsull, was a good example to the rest of the team and it was due to his efforts more than any other factor that a possible defeat was turned into victory. Both Redsull and Carter were chosen to play for the Dover Schools' Eleven and the team won the Dover Schools' Intermediate Cup, the final being played at the Danes at the end of the Spring Term.
It was an altogether successful season for the U.14 eleven who won 12 matches and lost 2, one of which was the Intermediate Cup Final against St. Edmunds. The top goal scorer was Benge, but there were several outstanding players. Campbell, Hilton, Hearn and Oxenham were asked to represent the Dover side.
In the Autumn Term the U.15 and U.16 teams played eleven matches and won nine of them. After Christmas the U.16 eleven got into the final of the Kent Invicta Shield competition, entered by about forty schools from all parts of the county. Our opponents in the final, played on a home and away two-game basis, were Astor School across the road. Both matches were drawn so the trophy was shared, a happy outcome to an enjoyable competition. The U.15 team won the Hart Cup for Dover Secondary Schools, emphasising the games-playing skill at present in our Middle School.
The 1st eleven has been one of Kent's leading soccer sides for several seasons but this was not the case for 1967-68. The season was, of necessity, onc of rebuilding and it was when the chips were down that the team showed its weakness. Not any department could claim to be sound but when the defence had one of its 'better days the attack was sacrificed with an odd goal defeat as the result. Training was a new innovation but regarded by a few players as a time-consuming triviality rather than a method of fostering team spirit. The side had its fair share of skill but it was individual rather than collective. From this season should reappear a side that will serve the School well for the next two or three seasons and even surpass the standards that have been set in years gone by.
Despite lack of success it can be said that the U.13 fifteen never stopped trying. Unfortunately the team never played as one and individual ability was ruined by poor backing up. There is the ability and enthusiasm in the side and without doubt they will fare better next season.
Against weak opposition the members of the U.14 fifteen sought and achieved personal glory. Consequently against sterner opposition such as that provided by Deal Secondary School they lacked cohesion and that teamwork essential for really sound football. The forwards were potentially very good; Fagg, Bartlett, Benge and Horne all played forcefully and Stubbs tackled quite devastatingly

when necessary. Outside the scrum Coles and Carron were sensible and reliable while Hilton provided some deft touches often completed by some fearsome dashes from Ambrose. Some mention also must be made of the sheer determination of Harcourt.
This year's U.15 group were very talented individuals but, despite their good results, they lacked determination and team spirit, and never managed to play together as a team. T owe, Clare, Comley and Cl ark were prominent among the few who did both play well and do their best for the team.
Last season's 2nd fifteen results were reasonable considering that the team came up against strong physical opposition when playing the Borstal and the Junior Leaders and more skilful teams such as King's, Canterbury, and Deal Secondary 1st fifteen. During the season many boys made the step up to the senior side, the most notable success being Morris. The only way that better results will be achieved is ifboys wishing to play come out after school and train to improve their stamina, speed, skill and teamwork, for without these any side will not be a good one. Let us hope that next season's fifteen will have a team spirit as high as its predecessor.
The 1st fifteen for the first time functioned throughout two terms and while the overall results were not outstanding, standards improved noticeably. The team achieved and maintained a good level of fitness and played with great enthusiasm. This was displayed to no better advantage than in the first match against Christ Church College. We had some enjoyable games versus the D.Y.R.M.S. and good battles versus the Police Cadets and the Old Boys. As usual the forwards played well. Warner was quite excellent on occasions and Catt capped a good season's work by even scoring a try! There was some healthy competition in the back row, where Bennett and Davies performed well. Outside the scrum we suffered from lack of polish and finesse. Too often passes were dropped at vital moments and there was a fatal tendency to kick at the wrong time.
Bad weather limited the U.12'S to two finished matches. Both were lost-the first easilv after a batting collapse and the second very narrowly. If this team is to make full use of its ability'it must learn purposeful running between the wickets and adopt a far more alert attitude in the field.
Of the U.13 eleven I will say only that they were keen to practise, that Headon could make a useful wicket-keeper and both Dale and Kennett show some promise as bowlers. Since no batsman in any match reached double figures we shall start next season with every hope and intention of doing better.
The U.14 eleven has been enthusiastic but not very successful. Inconsistency in batting and bowling has been their undoing. Fagg, Sherrell and Carroll have all batted well on occasions but in a tight situation the batting has crumpled. The bowling in the hands of Oxenham and Sutton has tended to be short and inaccurate and suffered accordingly. However much pleasure was gained in playing and considerable team spirit built up.
A team containing as many talented players as the U.15 eleven could hardly fail to earn good results, but although these boys enjoyed their cricket and played well at times, it has to be said that overall they failed to do themselves justice. The batting was unreliable, with only Towe, Hall, Oxenham and Beeby at all consistent, the bowling needlessly erratic and the fielding too often careless.
The 2nd eleven lost its first match and has won or drawn the rest. Often 2nd eleven cricket is something of a headache to run owing to exams and consequent absence from school, but this year there have been some very capable cricketers looking for the chance to play. Shepherd has captained the team pleasantly and bowled well, with support at various times from Goodwin, Garner, Mantle and Bennett. Mills is a slow left-arm bowler who can put the ball on a length, turn a little towards the slips and keep one end quiet for an hour or more. A. Russell and C. Flood bat with an ability far beyond usual 2nd eleven standards and if the rest of the team thump the ball about a bit so much the better. Pickering and Middleton have taken turns at wicket-keeping and both can bat.
This has been the most successful 1st eleven that those of us now involved in school cricket can remember. There has been only onc defeat and that by the University of Kent 1st eleven. Bowling has been keen, attacking and varied. G. Flood and Murton are re-awarded colours mainly for their bowling and new colours are awarded to Parkinson and Clark cheifly for their fielding, though

both have performed usefully with the bat. R. Durrant is re-awarded colours as the most mature batsman in the side, though a broken window at Nonington College testifies to Flood's powerful arm when hooking and pulling. Summers and Goodwin have proved themselves young players of great potential, the former as a batsman and the latter as a left-arm quick bowler. Both are re-awarded colours. Brown, Coleman, Drake and Gorringe have all given useful service in the field and occasionally with the bat. Brown could be an extremely useful spin bowler but is at present liable to hit his own boot with h
is fIrSt delivery and thereafter to place close fielders at unreasonable risk. With practice he could be more than useful next year and the success of this year's 2nd eleven means that after this year's lord Mayor's Show there will be no mean dust cart to follow. Much of this year's success must be attributed to the intelligence and good-nature of Flood as captain.
The School tennis six performed well this year considering the poor facilities available, and won half its matches, all of which had to be played away. However, with the possibility of new grass courts in the future the fortunes of the team should improve.
Tennis featured in the House Championship for the first time this year and was won by Park,
very closely followed by Astor and Priory.
The School Tennis Tournament this year was severely hit by examinations and many with
drawals took place, and because of this it was decided the Tournament should be cancelled this year. In the Ames Cup, a competition competed for by the grammar schools of Folkestone, Ashford,
Canterbury and Dover, we beat Ashford but a downpour ruined the rest of the Tournament.
S. FARMER (U. 6.)
Cross-Country Running
It can hardly be said that the School team had a very successful season since it lost all its matches. However, it is t;ue to say that the team is composed mainly of intermediate runners, so there is hope that it will progress over the next two seasons.
The S.E. Kent Championships were again held on our course and several boys were picked to
go to the Kent Finals, notably P. Ledgerwood in the junior age group and R. G. Bruce in the Senior. S. ]ACQUES (S B.)
The season began with standard tests evenings, cold, wet and windy occasions with eager crowds of junior boys but sparsely patronised by the seniors. Priory's superior total of standard points almost won them the athletics championship, but Frifth's better performances on sports day just managed to edge them ahead.
Inter school competition was provided for all age groups. The first form team won, and the second form team lost their matches against Astor School.
The third form team was the success of the season. Early in the term, it won the annual 7-schools' meeting, and later defeated the Duke of York's and Chatham House. Both matches were held on the Duke of York's School track, and the school is greatly indebted to them for the frequent opportunities they allow our athletes to use their excellent facilities.
In the 7-schools' match, the senior team finished a close fourth, but could only manage third place in the triangular meeting with Chatham House at Dover College. The Under-I6 team was also third in this meeting, but later in the term beat Chatham House in a meeting at the Duke of York's School.
The combined Under-I4, -IS and -16 team once again finished second to the Duke of York's School in the Powell Trophy competition, trailing by only 230 points to 234. Perhaps next year's team will manage those few vital, extra points.

Six boys were selected to represent S.E. Kent at the County Championships: P.]. Smith (Intermediate Javelin), c. A. Sawyer (6th in the Junior 220), D. A. Stubbs (4th in the Junior 880), C. L. Blaskett (4th in the Junior Discus), T. E. Warren (2nd in the Senior Pole Vault) and P. K. Hall (1St in the Senior Shot).
Colours were awarded as follows:-Full: P. Hall, D. Smith, B. Summers, P. Friend and T. Warren. Representative: 1. Clark,]. Dean and S. Jaques.
With Sports Day being held early in the term, the athletics season tends to be all too short. This year, however, activity in the lower half of the school was prolonged by running the A.A.A. Star A ward Scheme. Boys practised and took part in a series of trials in order to earn points from a scoring table. They tried to record as high a total as possible from three events, and in this way competed against themselves-a more enjoyable form of contest for many than the more usual type against Jive opposition. The highest award of five stars was attained by C. A. Sawyer,W. Benge, M. Robbins and P. King. Eleven 4-star awards were obtained, eighteen 3-star, twenty-nine 2-star and thirteen one-star. The scheme aroused a great deal of interest among boys of very mixed abiJity, and it is hoped to extend it next year.
In the house competition, Astor won the junior section: Park took the senior section and were
overall winners.
Unfortunately, the junior school teams were unable to find sufticient opponents to play as many matches as last season. The highly promising Under-IS team in particular went short of matches but, together with the Under-16's were able to take part in the one-day tournament arranged by the East Kent Basketball Association at Canterbury, and enjoyed a full day's play on large sized courts. The Under-16's won the tournament and the Under-IS's were first in their morning pool and finished fourth overall in the afternoon.
The seniors played six actual school matches, but as usual most of their fixtures were as Pharosians I and n in the East Kent Men's League. This assured them of plenty offixtures, being committed to at least one game a week. With the help of old boys A. Grosse and P. Lett, and captained by P. W. Searle, the pharosians I beat all except two teams in the fIrSt division and finished fourth. They reached the semi-final stage in the cup competition. pharosians n had an unlucky run of defeats by thc odd point or two, but improved in the second half of the season in which they won every game but one. They also finished fourth in Division n.
Team Records:
Played Won Lost
Under 14I-I
Under IS532
Under 16743
Seniors 46 28 18 Re-awards:B. Anderson (who was a member of the East Kent representative side) and K.
New Awards:]. Dennis, R. Durrant, B. Summers and T. Warren.
. Representative: P. Hall,]. Kilmurray,J. Meehan, C. Dixon and P. Wood. Gymnastics
The house competitions produced the usual assortment of performers and performances. One
justification for holding these events is that they set a standard and provide a stimulus for practice and improvement. This was certainly proved by some competitors, but others seemed content to watch their rivals, saving their energies and keeping their own form a close secret.
Priory juniors were well organised and thoroughly practised, and deserved to win their section.
Park seniors had far too many experts to call on compared with the other houses, and scored their expected victory.
M. Fisher was the best individual junior, and]. Edwards was awarded the Pascall Cup for the
best individual senior.

A team drawn from first, second and third forms had two enjoyable matches against Walmer School under an old friend, Mr. C. P. Singer. But the main competitive events were the Kent Championships. In the Vaulting and Agility event, our senior team was second to Tonbridge. J. Edwards was the individual champion. The junior teams were fourth and tenth, G. Wilson being the highest placed individual at fourth. So both of the trophies won last year had to be surrendered.
In the Trampolining Championships, the Under-IJ team ofM. Fisher, D. Wills and P. Fielding won the trophy, the first for trampolining ever gained by the school. The Under I5's were fourth and the seniors third.
Full colours were re-awarded to J. Condon, J. Edwards and 1. Luff, and newly awarded to A. Edwards.
House Notes
Astor House seems to be having a revival, mainly owing to the enthusiastic efforts of the Middle and Lower School and I hope that as these boys move up the School the House will move to the top of the House Championship.
We started the year off well by winning the soccer championship and this success was followed by the Under Fourteens retaining the East Cup for a second year. Jacques, Devlin and Ledgerwood ran well in their respective sections in the Powell Cup but we only succeeded in coming a close third behind Park and Priory. There was a complete reversal of last year's form in basketball, the Juniors winning all three matches and the Seniors losing all three.
In the Easter term we came third in rugby and second in gymnastics, Edwards coming first in the
senior section and Fielding second in the junior section. At the end of the term we were second in the House Championships.
In the Summer term we trailed in fourth in the athletics, mainly owing to the low number of standard points collected by the House, and came a close second in the tennis. With just the cricket to be completed I hope to see Astor well up in the House Championship this year. I should like to thank the small group of boys in the Senior School who seem to find themselves doing every sport for the House because other people in this section could not care less where the House comes. Finally I should like to thank Mr. Marriott and the other House Masters whose perseverance seems to be paying dividends in the Lower and Middle Schools.
Although the times when Frith could win the House Championship without trying have gone, many members of the House seem unaware of the fact. A last ditch effort in winning Sports Day suggests that perhaps the message is getting through to the bulk of the House.
On the whole the House has proved to be most co-operative; only a few individuals have marred this overall picture. We do suffer from a sad lack of talent in certain sports, but it has been heartening to see that rarely have we lacked willingness.
As with last year a few House members have stood out as deserving special mention. At various times P. K. Hall, J. McMahon and M. Durrant have all helped with the duties of House Captaincy when I was unable to do so myself Lower down the School the Oxenham brothers continue to provide a lead to their sections of the House. Lastly the House's thanks go to Mr. W. H. Jacques and all the other masters without whom the House would lack unity and organisation.

At the time of writing the cricket championship has not been decided, but we can expect the House Competition as a whole to result in a close finish with, we hope, Park as champions. Our successes this year have been due in the main to team work and an unusual enthusiasm to triumph over our individual rivals. Outright victories in tennis, gymnastics, basketball and cross-country, and a tie for first place in rugby all illustrate the value of team co-ordination, since only in basketball were we far ahead of our rivals. Our thanks are due to the captains of these sports; Bennett, Luff, Dixon and Bruce. By comparison with these splendid performances, our showing in soccer, fencing and athletics was something of an anti-climax, but in none of these were we disgraced, attaining a close second and two third places. I look forward to seeing Park's name engraved on the House Shield in the space for I968 as a memento to the success of teamwork. With the marked absence of individual experts throughout the House and School, future House Champions must win their prize by teamwork, and in Park House we have had most practice. I should like to thank Mr. Murph) , Mr. Salter and all the other House Masters for their contributions of time and advice throughout I he year, which has been one of sweet success.
At the time of writing Park are slightly ahead of ourselves and Frith in an extremely close tussle; with cricket and tennis yet to be completed nothing is certain as regards the eventual outcome of the competition.
Surprisingly enough soccer and rugby, usually two of the House's most successful activities proved to be a disappointment to us; this also applies, though admittedly to a lesser degree, to basketball and cross-country, two sports we could easily have won but instead only gained second place. There is no room for such complacency within the House. If we are to carry off the shield again we must maintain the high standard of our more successful sports and try to consolidate our performances in those activities which, up till now, have proved less fruitful.
On the brighter side of the year, however, it was encouraging, to say the least, to see our junior gymnasts, capably handled by Fisher (2 Priory), win their section of the gymnastic competition. Just as pleasing was the keenness displayed by the 13-I5 section of the House which gained a mammoth total of standard points, thus enabling us to begin Sports Day with a sizable lead over Frith. Also in connection with Sports Day I should like to thank in particular K. Murton for his invaluable points contribution, richly rewarded with two trophies, one of which, the senior 880 yards cup, he has now held for four successive years.
Let us hope that next year will see a renewed drive from all sections of the House to recapture the House Shield, which has eluded us now for several years, and mark the beginning of an extended run of Priory success.
Once again we are indebted to Mr. Wollett for his indefatigable thoroughness in House admin
istration. L. D. BRIGGS (D. 6.)
Parents' Association
Chairman: Mr. A. Friend, 56 Minnis Lane, River.
Hon. Secretary: Mrs. B. Harrison, 87 Lewisham Road, River. Hon. Treasurer: Mr. D. Baker, "Northside," Eaves Road, Dover. Committee:Dover: Mrs. King, Mrs. Slaughter, Mr. Davidson,
Mr. Pearce.
Deal: Mrs. Bailey, Mr. Aldred.
Country Districts: Mrs. Court, Mr. Totman. The School: Dr. Hinton, Mr. Walker, Mr. Payne, Miss Beets.

This has been a very busy and successful year. In preparation for a Spring Fair, held in March, all parents were visited by a team of area organisers. Valuable contacts, which we hope will be maintained, were made, and parents were most generous with gifts to be sold at the Fair. The Association stocked and manned stalls, and the boys ran sideshows and gave various displays. Profits amounted to £393, all of which will be used to buy equipment and amenities to benefit as many boys as possible.
The Committee would like to thank Dr. Hinton very much for his guidance and co-operation over the years, and to congratulate him on his new appointment. We wish him and his family every h:1ppiness in Sevenoaks.
Hon. Secretary.